Jump to content

Technical vs Fundamental Analysis in Forex


MongiIG

221 views

UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN FUNDAMENTAL AND TECHNICAL ANALYSIS IN FOREX TRADING

There is a great debate about which type of analysis is better for a trader. Is it better to be a fundamental trader or a technical trader? In this article we will explore what the difference is between these two types of traders and which pieces of information forex traders in particular tend to look at.

Technical vs fundamental analysis comparison

 

TECHNICAL ANALYSIS

FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS

Definition

Forecast price movements using chart patterns

Various economic data used to establish value/ target price

Data considered

Price action (charts)

Inflation, GDP, interest rates etc

Time horizon

Short, medium and long term

Medium and long term

Skillset required

Chart analysis

Economics & statistical analysis

FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS

Fundamental analysis involves assessing the economic well-being of a country, and by extension, the currency. It does not take into account currency price movements. Rather, fundamental forex traders will use data points to determine the strength of a particular currency.

A fundamental forex trader will analyze the countrys inflation, trade balance, gross domestic product, growth in jobs and even their central bank's benchmark interest rate.

Below is an example of an economic calendar where fundamental traders will be able to keep up to date with the latest data releases. There are many data releases on any given day which is why traders should know how to filter the calendar to show relevant information only.

Fundamental analysis economic calendar

By assessing the relative trend of this and other data points, a trader is analyzing the relative health of the countrys economy and whether to trade the future movement of that country’s currency.

The table below summarizes the general effects that different economic data tends to have on the strength of a currency. However, this is not guaranteed as there are many factors that influence currency movements.

How economic data affects currencies

 

EXPECTATIONS

EFFECT ON CURRENCY

Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

Better than expected

Positive

Consumer Price Inflation (CPI)

Better than expected

*Positive

Trade Balance

Trade deficit (imports > exports)

Negative

Central Bank benchmark rate

Increase in interest rate

Positive

ISM Manufacturing Index

Better than expected

Positive

PPI Producer Price Index

Better than expected

Positive

*Developed nations welcome moderate inflation as it is a sign of a growing economy. Developing nations view decreasing, or maintained, inflation as a positive statistic as this keeps price levels in check.

TECHNICAL ANALYSIS

Technical analysis involves pattern recognition on a price chart. Technical traders look for price patterns such as triangles, flags, and double bottoms. Based on the pattern, a trader will determine the entry and exit points. Unlike fundamental traders, a technical trader is not as concerned about why something is moving because the trends and patterns on the charts are their signals.

Below is an example of a chart pattern - the double bottom pattern. The market makes the first low, rebounds slightly before creating a new low and subsequently gains upward momentum as the trend reverses. Technical traders will look to set a stop loss at the recent (lowest) low and wait for the market to produce higher highs and higher lows before placing the long trade.

Head and shoulders pattern in technical analysis

In practice, technical traders will need to identify the pattern as shown below on the USD/JPY daily chart where the “W” shape can be seen.

Double bottom chart pattern for USDJPY in technical analysis

A technical forex trader will assess the price action, trend, support and resistance levels observed on a chart. Many of the patterns used in technical analysis of forex markets can be applied to other markets as well.

Additionally, traders make use of indicators and oscillators which are added to a price chart when analyzing foreign exchange markets. Moving averages, Bollinger Bands, MACD, Relative Strength Index (RSI), and stochastic tend to be some of the more common tools in a technical traders tool box. Indicators are preferred by technical traders because they are easy to use and provide clear signals.

The benefits of technical analysis

Technical analysis does not include black magic that many fundamentalists claim. Getting started in technical analysis can be done quickly by assessing the direction and strength of trends. Traders will use the trend analysis to help them determine which pair to trade and the direction to trade it.

Below, is an example of how a technical trader would notice this 6,000 pip trend where the AUD is very strong relative to a very weak EUR (which is why the currency pair is moving down). Furthermore, it is clear to see that the currency pair is trading in a strong downward direction. This is referred to as a tend and traders make use of key levels, levels of support and resistance, and indicators to identify trends as soon as possible and with accuracy.

EUR/AUD daily chart showing strong downtrend

Finding out how to identify strong and weak currencies will provide traders with an indication of which currency pairs are most likely to trend and therefore lead to higher probability trades. A trader would trade in the direction of this particular trend by selling the EUR/AUD pair.

TECHNICAL VS FUNDAMENTAL ANALYSIS IN FOREX: CONCLUSION

Fundamental and technical analysis involve very different strategies and approaches to trading; offering unique value and insights to support trading decisions, and when to enter or exit a trade. While some traders prefer to use these types of analysis separately based on their preferred trading style and goals, many use a combination of the two. The benefits of combining fundamental and technical analysis are wide ranging.

FURTHER READING TO DISCOVER WHICH TYPE OF ANALYSIS IS BEST FOR YOU

  • Fundamental traders monitor economic data releases, and many do so with the intention of trading the news. It is essential that traders adopt sound risk management when doing so as volatility can spike immediately after important releases.
  • Technical traders have different styles and strategies. Explore these thoroughly to find out if this type of analysis suits your personality.
  • And if you are just starting out on your forex trading journey, you can learn the basics with our free New to Forex guide.

 

By Richard Snow, Analyst ,9th November 2021. DailyFX

0 Comments


Recommended Comments

There are no comments to display.

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now
  • Blog Statistics

    • Total Blogs
      3
    • Total Entries
      1,935
  • Latest Forum Topics

  • Our picks

    • Swiss Franc Firming Against US Dollar and Euro. Will Momentum Take CHF Higher?
      EUR/CHF made a 7.5-year low at the end of last month at 0.9699, moving below the previous low of 0.9804.

      Since breaking lower, the price has not managed to reclaim 0.9804 and it may continue to offer resistance. The 21-day Simple Moving Averages (SMA)is currently at that level, potentially adding resistance.

      Further up, the recent peak of 0.9957 might offer resistance ahead of the break point at 0.9973.

      In the last session, the price has crossed below the 10-day SMA and remains below the 21-, 55-, 100- and 200-day SMAs.

      A bearish triple moving average (TMA) formation requires the price to be below the short term SMA, the latter to be below the medium term SMA and the medium term SMA to be below the long term SMA. All SMAs also need to have a negative gradient.

      Looking at EUR/CHF, the criteria for a bearish TMA has been met and may indicate that bearish momentum could evolve further.

      Support might be at the recent low of 0.9699 or further down at the 161.8% Fibonacci Extension of 0.9638.

       

      Chart created in TradingView 

      USD/CHF TECHNICAL ANALYSIS

      USD/CHF has bounced off low made at the start of this month at 0.9470 to trade in a wide range of 0.9545 – 0.9650. These levels might provide support and resistance respectively.

      While the price is below all short-, medium- and long-term Simple Moving Averages (SMA), they have positive and negative gradients. This may suggest a lack of conviction for directional momentum that might see further range trading.

      Re-iterating this possibility is the price criss-crossing the 10-day SMA. Recent history has shown that when the price crosses the 10-day SMA, momentum in that direction continues. That is not the case over the last week.

      The recent low of 0.9470 may provide support ahead of the break point at 0.9460. On the topside, resistance might be at the break point of 0.9710 or the July peak of 0.9886.

       Chart created in TradingView

      Daniel McCarthy, Strategist Daily FX

      Source: Daily FX
      • 0 replies
    • Post in FTSE 📈 to drop soon
      Check out phillo's analysis on the FTSE100. Are you tracking any technical analysis for the FTSE you want to share? If so join the forum.
        • Like
    • Rolls-Royce share price: half-year results
      Rolls-Royce shares (LON: RR) sunk by 10% to 83p on Friday after half-year results spooked investors over long-running problems with supply chain issues and inflation.
      • 0 replies
×
×
  • Create New...