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  1. What is the EOM indicator? An indicator that highlights the relationship between price and volume and is particularly useful when assessing the strength of a trend. As implied by its name, it is used to measure the ease of movement in price. It is a volume-based oscillator that fluctuates above and below the zero line. In general, when the oscillator is above zero, the price is advancing with relative ease. When the indicator is below zero, the prices are declining with relative ease. A wide range (difference between highs and lows) on low volume implies that price movement was relatively easy, as it did not take much volume to move prices. Alternatively, a small range and large volume indicates that price movement was difficult as there was a relatively small price movement on high volumes. Other important things to remember with EOM The closer the EMV line is to zero, the less ease of movement on that specific period. The bigger the spike in the EMV line, the more ease of price movement, either positive (if above the zero line) or negative (if below the zero line). The ease of movement indicator can also be used as an average, by adding together various single-period ease of movements and dividing them by the number of periods being considered. By smoothing out the indicator over time it can be used to identify trends and areas of convergence/divergence. A graphic example Let’s review the EOM indicator by using it in a real-life example which took place at the beginning of Dec ‘18. Using the Wall Street 30 min chart we can see a correlation between the EOM indicator and subsequent market movements at the opening of the session on Monday. Looking at the chart below you can see there is a positive spike in the EOM line which holds for a few periods before it starts declining. The cause for the spike is likely to have been the bullish (but cautious) reaction to a ceasefire between the US and China on trade tariffs. This could have meant that traders were holding Wall Street pushing the price higher, however maybe not as many people bought into the rally, therefore creating a big range on low volume. To summarise: After the initial positive reaction from the markets, traders could have become more sceptic about the viability of the ceasefire, and therefore a more bearish reaction comes in to play. This increases the range as lower lows appear maintaining the EOM at a high level. As more and more traders become sceptic, highs become lower, decreasing the range, which paired with a stable volume results in a declining EOM line. As you can see from the graph, the EOM line reacts before the actual price does, as a tightening range indicates that investors are becoming more bearish, which can eventually lead to a decline in price if it sustained over a period.
    5 points
  2. I'm happy to announce that you can now add drawings to the indicator study area both on desktop and mobile of the IG charts. This new functionality has been developed on the back of client feedback submitted to Community, from within the dealing platform, and directly with our Trading Services and client facing teams. If you have any other requests, please add them in the comment section below and we'll make sure the charting dev team and product owners see them. You can now draw on indicators For instance, get more insight from your RSI indicator by drawing a trendline directly on the study area. The ability to draw on these indicators, such as MACD and volume, opens up a number of new options for technical analysis. Trends, for example, can add granular insight into market dynamics and can help improve the accuracy of your TA and strategy. But that's not all... We also; added the measure tool to the mobile charts and made it persistent on your screen so that it does not disappear when you tap or click away. improved the usability of the charts so that you cannot move your drawings by mistake when moving your charts sideways. To move a drawing, you would need to explicitly select it first. improved the general rendering performance of these drawings. Coming very soon! we've added the option to activate or deactivate the snapping on the candles. This should be rolled out around mid October. All the best and happy trading IG Community Moderator Team
    5 points
  3. Trade War Relief, But How Much? Finally, some trade war respite. Or at least, what looks like relief. Following week after week of steadily escalating threats and a few decisive actions (and retaliations) along the way, there was finally a joint statement of agreement between key global leaders. Following their meeting in Washington DC, US President Donald Trump and European Union President Jean Claude-Juncker issued a statement of success this past Wednesday. Any pause in this quickly ballooning threat to the global economic and financial order is welcome, but that doesn’t mean we should accept the event at face value. Did this summit result in a legitimate course correction for the growing destructive force was the press conference a political event designed to allow both leaders to claim a victory for their constituents? To evaluate that, we need to consider the terms. There was a commitment made by the EU to purchase more US-produced soybeans and natural gas. That seems encouraging at first blush, but pressing individual members to increase consumption is not reasonable. Vows to continue working towards solutions to the metals tariffs and avoiding tax on autos along with the suggestion that they would work together towards ‘zero tariffs’ is likely more enthusiasm than a plan of action. Not everything was a means to score political point. The agreement not to introduce new tariffs so long as they were negotiating is material as it curbs fear of an impending 20 percent tariff on European autos by the US and the $300 billion retaliation threatened by the EU. This glad-handing may be lacking for tangible action, but it can help curb fears of imminent escalation. That said, general capital market benchmarks – such as US equity indices – seemed little perturbed by actual progress in the economic fight these past few months. Let’s hope that aloofness and the fresh optimism holds moving forward, because this theme has not likely hit its crest. The largest threats have been made by the US against China. The Trump administration is likely putting tension on other fronts besides China as a means to amplify the leverage on this economic powerhouse. When the US eases back against developed world counterparts like EU, perhaps they expect those countries to ingratiate themselves to the US and head off critique for their handling of relationships with China. Don’t expect trade wars to truly be on the decline – much less resolved – with last week’s developments. Fed, BoE and BoJ Rate Decisions for Individual and Collective Influence The ECB rate decision this past week didn’t earn the Euro much in the way of productive volatility. Compare that to the speculation it drove – much to the central bank’s chagrin – throughout 2017. For many traders, that makes it an event to disregard. However, market participants would be wise to keep tabs on these fundamental themes for both their longer term influence on the target currency over the coming weeks and months; but it is arguably even more important to account for such events collective sway over more systemic matters like the inextricable link between global monetary policy and risk trends. It would be wise to consider these larger concerns through the week ahead as we wade into a run of central bank decisions. On tap, we have five large central bank rate decision, but only three of them are ‘majors’. The greatest weight will be hefted by the Federal Reserve. In monetary policy terms, everything about this meeting will be well fleshed out by speculators. Through exceptionally transparent forward guidance, we know the group expects to hike four times this year and that they have operated ‘on the quarters’. This meeting is out of sync for that trend. The real interest is the language used to either maintain path to a September rate hike or to start pulling back from it. Furthermore, there will be some degree of interest to see if the Fed replies to the President’s critique of policy and the currency – though that may be more appropriate for individual members’ reflections. Meanwhile, the Bank of England’s (BoE) Super Thursday meeting is expected to deliver a hike (77% chance according to swaps) and the Quarterly Inflation report. This is the most action-oriented event, but it will compete with Brexit for Sterling momentum and scaling up to global risk trends is not something this group’s policies have been capable of in this cycle. Finally, the Bank of Japan will no doubt keep its rates in place and the size of its stimulus program untouched. However, last week, reports surfaced that the group was discussing changing its stimulus approach to make it more ‘sustainable’. It is unclear exactly what that would entail, but given they are already at an extreme, it was read as a ‘hawkish’ shift. While these events can generate movement in their own currencies and local capital markets, do not underestimate the malleability of global risk trends under monetary policy. Years of excessive (extended well beyond the needs to stabilize growth and past the point of proving it would not readily translate into desired inflation) monetary policy has inflated market levels. It won’t be the wholesale withdrawal of stimulus across the board that will prompt sentiment rebalance but rather the anticipation normally associated to risk trends. FANG Has Set Up Apple as a More Important Capital Market Driver Earnings season has been mixed in the US thus far, but more important than the report of corporate numbers each trading session is the shift in bias surrounding these updates. There is considerable amount of ‘fudge’ room in reporting quarterly figures due to the dubious accounting allowances in GAAP (I obviously am not a fan). Yet, the details in questionable figures can be played up or played down depending on what the audience is willing to tolerate – or is actively seeking. With benchmark US indices struggling to regain the remarkably progress of 2017, sentiment has notably shifted towards earnings. No longer are the impressive elements of comprehensive reports amplified and the disappointing downplayed. The shortcomings are starting to be interpreted more readily in the general shortcomings that are more apparent in other areas of the economy. It is against this backdrop that we have had a troubled quarter from the concentrated speculative leader in the FANG. For those not familiar, it is an acronym of Facebook, Amazon, Netflix and Google – some of the largest and fasting growing market cap stocks in the world. The fact that they are also tech, which is the sector that has outperformed in US markets; and US equities which have outpaced most other liquid ‘risk’ benchmarks speaks to the concentration. As important as this group is, there support is starting to turn to borderline burden. Where Google and Amazon’s figures were positive (though they came with very clear caveats in fines and income), the Netflix and Facebook reporting were outright pained. The former dropped while the latter collapsed from record high to official bear market in a day. Given what the FANG represents, the market has paid closer attention to the state of earnings and perhaps the bias that has been applied here so consistently. How to settle a 50/50 split in the FANG updates and the plateau established in the group’s price indexing? Add an ‘A’. Due Tuesday after the bell, Apple’s earnings will tap into key US tech firms and it has its own innate amplitude as the world’s largest market cap stock. It will be important whether it beats or misses, but even more crucial is how the market treats a better or worse outcome than expected. This event can carry far more weight than just the immediate reaction for AAPL shares.
    4 points
  4. So Much Risk, Status Quo is an Improvement In individual trading sessions or entire weeks where there is an overwhelming amount of important, scheduled event risk; we often find the market frozen with concern of imminent volatility. Even as a remarkable surprise prints on the docket early in the week, the impact it generates is often truncated by the concern that the subsequent release can generate just as much shock value but in the opposite direction. Many opportunities have been spoiled by such situations. Yet, what happens if we face the same situation on a grander scale? What if the threats are thematic, global and frequently lacking a specific time frame? We are facing just such a scenario now. The most troublesome subject is the unpredictable winds from the global trade wars. For influence, this is a systemic threat as the economic pain will inevitably come to a head. If we had an end date to work with, there would be a more decisive risk aversion, but it is the uncertainty of pacing that leaves the markets to drift with anxiety. Most critical updates in this ‘war’ have come out of the blue in the form of a tweet from US President Donald Trump. Add to this fully capable theme conflicting – though less capricious – matters, and there is just enough sense of opportunity in short-term efforts to keep bulls clinging to hope. Monetary policy, new and failing economic relationships, corporate earnings and more can fill in between shocks of new tariff threats. Though, if we came to a scenario of a universal dovish shift in central banks (or any other theme for that matter), would it be enough to offset the blight to global growth from trade wars? Not likely. Any Whiff of Fed Worry and a Dollar with Everything to Lose I weighed out my theory last week that Fed policy can only disappoint moving forward. That is not to say it can maintain a sense of status quo – it certainly can. However, the genuine opportunities for this central bank to ‘surprise in favor of the bulls’ is so improbable as to be impractical. It has already established a pace remarkably aggressive relative to counterparts. If conditions continue to support growth and optimism, it would lead other central banks onto a path to close the gap with the Fed. If economic and financial health floundered, the Fed would in turn have to ease its pace. This past week, the CPI data gave quantitative support for the status quo – though not any material Dollar lift. The Fed’s monetary policy update to Congress on the other hand laced its confidence on the economic outlook with modest concern over the fallout from trade wars while a separate report suggested the tax cuts would have less positive effect on the economy than previously anticipated. You can bet Fed Chairman Jerome Powell will have to address questions on both fronts when he testifies before the Senate Wednesday in the semi-annual Humphrey-Hawkins testimony. There are many Congressmen and –women from both parties who have called out the President’s aggressive position on trade as self-defeating. Powell will want to avoid triggering market fears (avoiding volatility is a third, unspoken mandate of the central bank), but the lawmakers will push the topic whether to illustrate the damage they fear or to earn political points. If he admits growth is at risk from the advance of trade wars, it would signal to the market that the pacing already baked in is less stable than what is presumed, and the passive premium behind the dollar may start to bleed off. China Data Run and Data Questions China is in a very difficult position. It is attempting to transition itself from methods of growth that are impossible to maintain over the long term without inadvertently causing disastrous instability. To successfully make this ‘evolution’ to an economy primarily supported by domestic consumption, stable capital markets and a wealthier population (rather than leveraged financing and questionable export policies), the government requires a remarkable amount of stability. The healthy risk appetite and moderate growth registered for the global economy over the past five years was the perfect environment upon which to pursue this effort. That is especially true because the Chinese data that already draws a fair amount of skepticism from the rest of the world would look like an unlikely idyllic steering for the economy – a pace that could be dubiously attributed to the general environment. Now, however, that gentle landing has been disrupted by the aggression from the United States. The drive to escalate trade wars threatens not just the important trade between to two countries, it risks pushing disbelief over China’s statistics to the breaking point. Though they would not likely show serious pressure in any area of the economy or financial system that they control, markets have grown adept at reading between the official lines when it comes to China. Spurring fears of a ‘hard landing’ for the world’s second largest economy could spur capital flight as foreign investors look to repatriate and nationals attempt to slip through controls to diversify their exposure. It should be said that if there is a crisis in China, it will spread to the rest of the world; but some may be happy if China were permanently put off the path to securing its position as the antipodean super power to the US. It is this big picture landscape that we must keep in mind as the important data of the coming week – China 2Q GDP, fixed investment, surveyed jobless rate, retail sales and foreign direct investment – crosses the wires with unsurprisingly little impact on the controlled USDCNH exchange rate. Any questions, just ask.John Kicklighter
    4 points
  5. This blog post is to update everyone of the themes that DailyFX expects to focus on in the week ahead. Given the focus of previous weeks, the backdrop market conditions and the event risk ahead; the three topics below will be particularly important in our coverage. Risk trends amid trade wars If you somehow were in doubt that trade wars were already underway, the enactment of reciprocal $34 billion tariffs by the United States and China on each other this past week should banish that disbelief. For much of the world, the score is one whereby the US has triggered an opening import tax on the world’s second largest economy for what it perceives as intellectual property theft, and China has retaliated in kind. From the Trump administration’s perspective, the actions are a long overdue move to balance decades of unfair trade practices. Both feel they are reacting rather than instigating which gives both sides a sense of righteousness that can sustain escalating reprisals. Yet, as discussed previously, this is not the first move in the economic engagement. The United States’ metals tariffs was the first outright move that came without the pretense of operating through WTO channels. And, in a speculative market where the future is factored into current market price; the unilateral and extraordinary threats should be considered the actual start. The anticipation of a curb on global growth and capital flow very likely was a contributing factor to the stalled speculative reach and increased volatility over the past three months. Yet, markets have not collapsed under the fear of an economic stall with values pushing unreasonable heights. Perhaps this market simply needs to see the actual evidence of fallout before it starts moving to protect itself. This past week, the midnight cue for the tariffs notably didn’t send capital markets stumbling. In fact, the major US indices all advanced through Friday’s session. Blissful ignorance can last for ‘a little longer’, but blatant disregard for overt risks on a further reach for yield is hoping for too much. A Brexit breakthrough…to the next obstacle Heading into a full cabinet meeting this past Friday, headlines leveraged serious worries that UK Prime Minister Theresa May would find herself moving further into a corner on a split Brexit view from which she would no longer be able to escape a confidence vote checkmate. Yet, the reported rebel ministers that were pushing for a more stringent position on trade and market access in the divorce procedures seemingly relented. May was free to pursue a ‘free trade area for goods’ with close customs ties (though bank access would be restricted somewhat). From the market’s perspective, this is a tangible improvement in the general situation as it removes at least one level of ambiguity in a very complicated web. The foundation of ‘risk’ – as I’m fond to reiterate – is the uncertainty of future returns. If your investment is 95% likely to yield a given return, there is little risk involved. On the other hand, if that return is only 10% (regardless of how large it may be) there is a high risk associated. The same evaluation of this amorphous event applies. With the UK government on the same page in its return to the negotiation table, there is measurably less uncertainty. That said, this was only an agreement from one side of the discussion; and the EU has little incentive to give particularly favorable terms which would encourage other members to start their own withdrawal procedures. Furthermore, there is still a considerable range of issues for which the government and parliament are still at odds. If you are interested in the Pound, consider what is feasible for any bullish exposure with the cloud cover of uncertainty edging down from 100% to 90%. Fed monetary policy can only disappoint from here We don’t have a FOMC meeting scheduled for this coming week; but in some ways, what is on the docket may have greater sway over monetary policy speculation. The US central bank has maintained a policy of extreme transparency, going so far as to nourish speculation for rate hikes through their own forecasts and falling just short of pre-committing. They cannot pre-commit to a definitive path for policy because they must maintain the ability to respond to sudden changes in the economic and financial backdrop. And, making a sudden change from a vowed move will trigger the exact volatility the policy authority is committed to avoiding. Yet, how significant is the difference between an explicit vow on future monetary policy and a very heavy allusion in an effort at ‘transparency’. The markets adapt to the availability of evidence for our course and fill in with whatever gaps there are with speculation. This level of openness by the Fed sets a dangerous level of certainty in the markets. With that said, what is the course that we could feasibly take from here? Is it probable that the rate forecast continues to rise from here – further broadening the gap between the Fed and other central banks? That is what is likely necessary to earn the Dollar or US equities greater relative value given its current favorable standing isn’t earning further gains. More likely, the outlook for the Fed will cool whether that be due to the US closing in on its perceived neutral rate, economic conditions cooling amid trade wars or the increasing volatility of the financial markets jeopardizing onerous yields. Where the Dollar may have underperformed given the Fed’s policy drive in 2017, it still carries a premium which can deflate as their outlook fades. This puts the upcoming June US CPI reading and the Fed’s monetary policy update for Congress in a different light. All of this said, this is not the only fundamental theme at play when it comes to the Dollar. There is trade wars, reserve diversification and general risk trends. Interestingly enough, all of those carry the same skew when it comes to the potential for impact. Any questions, just ask. John Kicklighter
    4 points
  6. A trading forum and help and support network for IG clients Over the last few months we have been working on a new layout for your Community, as well as adding greater functionality and new content areas. Today is the 'go live' date and we hope you like what you see. Have a browse, and if you have any feedback or suggestions please add a comment below. Maybe take this opportunity to make your first Community post if you haven't already? This purpose of this forum is for like-minded clients to share trade ideas and discuss market opportunities, ask questions, and provide help and support to others. Learn strategies and trade ideas from experienced traders Give tips to the Community and share your market knowledge Perfect your trading by discussing ideas with others Get the most out of IG and ask the Community anything regarding trading or IG Anyone can browse the trading forum, but you will need a live IG account to post or interact on Community. If you're new to Community and looking for a first step maybe check out the forum, or have a once over of our Community tutorials. We're also curious for any feedback you may have, so add a comment below to have your voice heard. We're always looking to improve our offering based on what traders want - so let us know! We migrated the old forum (and added some new features) We have migrated over all the posts, likes, 'kudos' and private messages from the previous version of the forum, as well as integrated the Community login with the wider IG eco system so you can enjoy a seamless digital experience between the platform and forum. You should be able to see all your previously posted content under the same Community username as you currently use. New content areas... Blogs: We have three blogs which we will be updated periodically. Market News - Daily morning briefings, index dividend adjustments, and one off articles IG Product Updates - A place to let you know about all the things we roll out IG Community Blog - Competitions, 'Ask the Expert' series, and Community updates Calendar: A way for discussion to be relevant and anchored to a specific date / time / macro event Our Picks: A hand picked showcase of the best IG Community has to offer. If individual client forum posts or comments get a significant number of upvotes then they may also be featured More to be rolled out shortly! ...and a few new features. Activity streams: If you're logged in you'll notice you can easily browse things such as 'unread' or 'followed' content. You can save individual search streams so they're available for the next time you log in Advanced search: An updated and intuitive search functionality Leaderboard: The Leaderboard keeps track of the hottest content and best users each day based on reputation received. You'll increase your chances of getting on here if you post more, receive more likes, and help others Community Profile: Your space in Community. Check yours out by clicking on your username in the top right hand corner Access IG Community - anytime, anywhere IG Community will be up 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The easiest way to access IG Community is using the top right hand 'Help' drop down in the dealing platform, but you can also access via our mobile apps (look under the help and support section - try it now), or by simply going to community.ig.com This initial rollout is only phase one of 'the big Community plan', and we'd love to hear your feedback. What do you like? What would you change if you had the chance? What new areas would you like to see? Let us know using the comments section below. Happy chatting IG Community Moderator Team
    4 points
  7. WHAT IS THE NUMBER ONE MISTAKE TRADERS MAKE? Big financial market volatility and growing access for the average person have made active trading very popular, but the influx of new traders has met with mixed success. There are certain patterns which may separate profitable traders from those who ultimately lose money. And indeed, there is one particular mistake that in our experience gets repeated time and time again. What is the single most important mistake that led to traders losing money? Here is a hint – it has to do with how we as humans relate to winning and losing Our own human psychology makes it difficult to navigate financial markets, which are filled with uncertainty and risk, and as a result the most common mistakes traders make have to do with poor risk management strategies. Traders are often correct on the direction of a market, but where the problem lies is in how much profit is made when they are right versus how much they lose when wrong. Bottom line, traders tend to make less on winning trades than they lose on losing trades. Before discussing how to solve this problem, it is a good idea to gain a better understanding of why traders tend to make this mistake in the first place. A SIMPLE WAGER – UNDERSTANDING DECISION MAKING VIA WINNING AND LOSING We as humans have natural and sometimes illogical tendencies which cloud our decision-making. We will draw on simple yet profound insight which earned a Noble Prize in Economics to illustrate this common shortfall. But first a thought experiment: What if I offered you a simple wager based on the classic flip of a coin? Assume it is a fair coin which is equally likely to show “Heads” or “Tails”, and I ask you to guess the result of a single flip. If you guess correctly, you win $1,000. Guess incorrectly, and you receive nothing. But to make things interesting, I give you Choice B—a sure $400 gain. Which would you choose? EXPECTED RETURN Choice A 50% chance of $1000 & 50% chance of $0 $500 Choice B $400 $400 From a logical perspective, Choice A makes the most sense mathematically as you can expect to make $500 and thus maximize profit. Choice B isn’t wrong per se. With zero risk of loss you could not be faulted for accepting a smaller gain. And it goes without saying you stand the risk of making no profit whatsoever via Choice A—in effect losing the $400 offered in Choice B. It should then come as little surprise that similar experiments show most will choose “B”. When it comes to gains, we most often become risk averse and take the certain gain. But what of potential losses? Consider a different approach to the thought experiment. Using the same coin, I offer you equal likelihood of a $1,000 loss and $0 in Choice A. Choice B is a certain $400 loss. Which would you choose? EXPECTED RETURN Choice A 50% chance of -$1000 & 50% chance of $0 -$500 Choice B -$400 -$400 In this instance, Choice B minimizes losses and thus is the logical choice. And yet similar experiments have shown that most would choose “A”. When it comes to losses, we become ‘risk seeking’. Most avoid risk when it comes to gains yet actively seek risk if it means avoiding a loss. A hypothetical coin flip exercise is hardly something to lose sleep over, but this natural human behavior and cognitive dissonance is clearly problematic if it extends to real-life decision making. And, it is indeed this dynamic which helps to explain one of the most common mistakes in trading. Losses hurt psychologically far more than gains give pleasure. Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky published what has been called a “seminal paper in behavioral economics” which showed that humans most often made irrational decisions when faced with potential gains and losses. Their work wasn’t specific to trading but has clear implications for our studies. The core concept was simple yet profound: most people make economic decisions not on expected utility but on their attitudes towards winning and losing. It was simply understood that a rational person would make decisions purely based on maximizing gains and minimizing losses, yet this is not the case; and this same inconsistency is seen in the real world with traders… We ultimately aim to turn a profit in our trades; but to do so, we must force ourselves to work past our natural emotions and act rationally in our trading decisions. If the ultimate goal were to maximize profits and minimize losses, a $500 gain would completely offset a $500 loss. This relationship is not linear, however; the illustration below gives us an approximate look at how most might rank their “Pleasure” and “Pain” derived from gains and losses. PROSPECT THEORY: LOSSES TYPICALLY HURT FAR MORE THAN GAINS GIVE PLEASURE Figure 3. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons The negative feeling experienced from a $500 loss can be substantially more than the positive feeling experienced from a $500 gain, and experiencing both would leave most feeling worse despite causing no monetary loss. In practice, we need to find a way to straighten that utility curve—treat equivalent gains and losses as offsetting and thus become purely rational decision-makers. This is nonetheless far easier said than done. Figure 4. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons A HIGH WIN PERCENTAGE SHOULD NOT BE THE PRIMARY GOAL Your primary goal should be to find trades which give you an edge and present an asymmetrical risk profile. This means your primary objective should be to achieve a robust “Risk/Reward” (R/R) ratio, which is simply the ratio of how much you have at risk versus how much you gain. Let’s say you are right about 50% of the time, a reasonable expectation. Your gains and losses need to have at least a 1:1 risk/reward ratio if you stand to at least break even. To tilt the math in your favor, a trader making money on roughly 50% of his/her trades needs to aim for a higher unit of reward versus risk, say 1.5:1 or even 2:1 or greater. Too many traders get hung up on trying to achieve a high win percentage, which is understandable when you think about the research we looked at earlier regarding loss aversion. And, in your own experiences you almost certainly recognize the fact that you don’t like losing. But from a logical standpoint, it isn’t realistic to expect to be right all the time. Losing is just part of the process, a fact that as a trader you must get comfortable with. It is more realistic and beneficial to achieve a 45% win rate with a 2:1 R/R ratio, than it is to be right on 65% of your trade ideas, but with only a 1:2 risk/reward profile. In the short run the gratification of “winning” more often may make you feel good, but over time not netting any gains will lead to frustration. And a frustrated mind will almost certainly lead to more mistakes. The following table illustrates the math well. Over the course of a 20 trade sample, you can see clearly how a favorable risk/reward profile coupled with more losers than winners can be more productive than an unfavorable risk/reward profile coupled with a much greater number of winners. The trader making money on 45% of trades with a 2:1 R:R profile comes out ahead, while the trader with the 65% win rate, but making only half as much on winners versus losers, comes out at a slight net-loss. Who would you rather be? The trader who ends up positive 7 units but loses more often than they win, or the one who ends up slightly negative but gets the gratification of “being right” more often. The choice appears to be easy. USE STOPS AND LIMITS – GOOD MONEY MANAGEMENT Humans aren’t machines, and working against our natural biases requires effort. Once you have a trading plan that uses a proper reward/risk ratio, the next challenge is to stick to the plan. Remember, it is natural for humans to want to hold on to losses and take profits early, but it makes for bad trading. We must overcome this natural tendency and remove our emotions from trading. A great way to do this is to set up your trade with Stop-Loss and Limit orders from the beginning. But don’t set them for the sake of setting them to achieve a specific ratio. You will want to still use your analysis to determine where the most logical prices are to place your stops and limit orders. Many traders use technical analysis, which allows them to identify points on the charts that may invalidate (trigger your stop-loss) or validate your trade (trigger the limit order). Determining your exit points ahead of time will help ensure you pursue the proper reward/risk ratio (1:1 or higher) from the outset. Once you set them, don’t touch them. (One exception: you can move your stop in your favor to lock in profits as the market moves in your favour.) There will inevitably be times a trade moves against you, triggers your stop loss, and yet ultimately the market reverses in the direction of the trade you were just stopped out of. This can be a frustrating experience, but you have to remember this is a numbers game. Expecting a losing trade to turn in your favor every time exposes you to additional losses, perhaps catastrophic if large enough. To argue against stop losses because they force you to lose is very much self-defeating—this is their very purpose. Managing your risk in this way is a part of what many traders call “money management”. It is one thing to be on the right side of the market, but practicing poor money management makes it significantly more difficult to ultimately turn a profit. GAME PLAN: TYING IT ALL TOGETHER Trade with stops and limits set to a reward/risk ratio of 1:1, and preferably higher Whenever you place a trade, make sure that you use a stop-loss order. Always make sure that your profit target is at least as far away from your entry price as your stop-loss is, and again, as we stated previously, you should ideally aim for an even larger risk/reward ratio. Then you can choose the market direction correctly only half the time and still net a positive return in your account. The actual distance you place your stops and limits will depend on the conditions in the market at the time, such as the volatility, and where you see support and resistance. You can apply the same reward/risk ratio to any trade. If you have a stop level 40 points away from entry, you should have a profit target 40 points or more away to achieve at least a 1:1 R/R ratio. If you have a stop level 500 points away, your profit target should be at least 500 points away. To summarize, get comfortable with the fact that losing is part of trading, set stop-losses and limits to define your risk ahead of time, and aim to achieve proper risk/reward ratios when planning out trades. DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. Article by Paul Robinson (Strategist), 19 July 2021. DailyFX
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  8. Can I trade share options with IG? This question has been popping up around the community. Yes, you can trade a range of share options with us. Select popular stocks are available to trade on our web platform, and our full range is available to trade by phone. Can I trade share options online, or do I have to phone to deal? That depends on which markets you’d like to trade. We are testing online trading for share options, and to start off with we’re offering Tesla shares (weekly and monthly expiries). Over the coming weeks we hope to expand this offering, depending on client demand. You can trade our full range of share options – offering stocks from the world’s major exchanges – by phone on 0800 409 6789. How do I trade share options online? You can trade weekly and monthly share options in our web platform. Rather than finding them in the options flyout, each has their own watchlist. For example, you’d trade Tesla from the ‘Tesla Options’ watchlist: What are share options? Share options are contracts that enable you to trade on the price movement of an underlying stock. You can use share options to take a view on whether you think a stock’s price will be above or below a certain level – the strike price – at the option’s expiry. Normally, buying a share option would give you the right to buy or sell a share at the strike on expiry. However, when you trade share options with us, rather than trading an option directly, you’re trading a CFD on an option’s price. All this means is that, instead of having the right to buy or sell shares at a certain price, your positions will be cash-settled on expiry. So you’ll never have to worry about delivering, or taking delivery of, the underlying shares. As with more traditional options, you’ll never risk more than your initial payment when buying. You can trade select share options on our web platform, and phone 0800 409 6789 to deal on our full range . Which stocks can I trade using share options? You can currently trade Tesla (weekly and monthly expiries) online,. We hope to expand this offering over the coming weeks depending on client demand. You can also trade our full range of share options over the phone, on 0800 409 6789. As long as there is a tradable option in the underlying, we offer all options on shares in the FTSE® 100, the DOW 30, the S&P 500, the Nasdaq 100 and some large cap Canadian and Australian stocks, as well as on a large selection of European options traded on Eurex or Euronext. What are the dealing hours of share options? Dealing hours for share options are as follows: UK share options: 08:00–16:30 (London time) American share options: 14:30–21:00 (London time)* European shares: Market hours for the relevant exchange. Please ask for current details Australian share options: 10:00-15:55 (Sydney time)* *It may sometimes not be possible to quote a particular share option if there is no price being published in the underlying market. How much does trading share options cost? We charge a spread depending on where the shares you’re trading originate: 5c on US shares 3p on UK shares 3c on European shares You can find the full details in the ‘share options’ tab of our fees and charges.
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  9. We've released options for the Volatility Index. You can find them on our platform under the options tab> Indices. Options, when buying the call/ put, are a great way to get involved in market movement whilst having limited risk. Dealing hours : 09:00:00 – 21:15:00 GMT Monday-Friday Contracts offered : Currently offer the next two months (November and December) Expiry for monthly options : Every 3rd Wednesday of the month Last trade : 21:15 GMT the day before expiry Settlement : Settled basis the Special Opening Quotation (SOQ) of VIX calculated by the opening prices of the SPX constituents used to calculate the VIX index on settlement date If you need any clarification on how options work, contact me through the community or give our help desk a call.
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  10. The IG web trading platform has several alert functions which can be used to notify you of potential trading opportunities and market volatility. We have different alerts for all types of traders, from the technical analyst to the long-term investor. Before we get into the different alert types it’s worth making sure your Notification Preferences on MyIG are set up correctly and notifications are turned on within your mobile settings area. The blog article on the right may be of help if you would like a walk through of turning on notifications. Setting up Price Change alerts A Price Change alert will notify you of either a percentage move or a points-based movement over a set time frame. These alerts are great for applying to assets in your open positions window, as well as markets you are looking to trade on. Percentage or points-based movement Variable time frame of 5 minutes, 1 hour or 1 day Add a message if you wish These will continually trigger until you remove them from the ‘Alerts’ fly out on the left-hand side. Therefore, if you set up an alert to be notified if Spot Gold moves by 1% in a day, and there are three days’ worth of 1% movements back to back, you’ll be alerted for each of these moves. Price Change alert ideas Set up a Price Change alert for a 2% move in a day for a major index such as the S&P or Wall Street. This sort of move in a single day would probably suggest a key market event has happened. Set up a Price Change alert for an x% move in a stock you have on your watch list. Maybe a significant move would present a swing trade opportunity. Setting up Price Level alerts A Price Level alert will notify you when a specific price point has been breached by the market. You can be notified if either the buy or sell price passes your desired threshold. Be alerted to a specific price movement, e.g. If the buy price of gold reaches 1290 Add a short message if you wish These are only triggered once Price Level alert ideas Set a Price Level alert on the VIX Volatility Index if the price reaches 17, 20, and 25. A VIX movement above 20 generally suggests market volatility and potentially opportunity to trade. Historically the median of the VIX is around 17, and anything below this suggests markets are likely to be a little flat. Setting up support and resistance levels but want to re-evaluate the markets when those price points are reached? Use a Price Level alert. Setting up Indicator alerts You can set up indicator alerts from the dealing platform under the alerts tab. You need to pick a resolution and price for the alert to look at, and then you can start adding indicators. Use indicator alerts to be notified of your criteria being hit from your technical analysis Choose to be alerted once, or multiple times Add up to 4 indicators from a choice of 11 to the same alert Add indicators on the charts by right clicking to get a rough idea of when/if your alert will trigger. Indicator alert ideas These alerts can be as simple or as complicated as you like. You can find a lot of information on technical analysis on IG.com, YouTube, or by searching for strategies related to ‘x’ indicator. For example; A crossover strategy: when two moving averages cross, for example the short term 50 MA moving above the 200 MA, it may indicate an upward price trend. Setting up macroeconomic alerts from the Economic Calendar You can access IGs Economic Calendar from within the dealing platform down the left hand fly out. Once the calendar has opened in a new tab select the date and use the ‘check’ tick column if you want to be notified about an event. Clicking the cog at the top of the column allows you to set the specific notification preferences for these alerts (for example, notify before or after the event, and how you want to be notified). Try it out by searching for the next Non-Farm Payroll (NFP) figure and set the alert to be notified 15 minutes before the event, as well as on the event. You should receive a notification with expectations, along with the actual results afterwards.
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  11. Retail traders: As of 6 January 2021, new FCA rules mean that you will no longer be to trade cryptocurrencies using derivatives like spread bets and CFDs if you’re classified as a retail trader. Professional traders, however, can continue trading cryptocurrencies as usual. You can find out whether you’re eligible to be classified as a professional using our criteria. Professionals are also eligible for lower margin rates, monthly rebates and credit facilities, amongst other features. What happens now? You will be able to open cryptocurrency trades as a retail client with us until 5 January 2021. After this, your positions will be set to ‘closings only’, with no deadline to close. Professional traders: As of 6 January 2021, new FCA rules mean that only professional traders will be able to trade cryptocurrencies using derivatives like spread bets and CFDs. We want to let you know that pro clients are can continue trading cryptocurrencies as usual – your positions won’t be impacted. This means you’ll still be able to trade eight major cryptocurrencies plus our Crypto 10 index, magnify your exposure with leverage and go long or short – all without a wallet. Find out more about cryptocurrency trading with IG. If you have any questions, comment below or join the following chat: You can also get in touch with our team 24 hours a day from 8am Saturday to 10pm Friday (UK time).
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  12. A trading forum and help and support network for IG clients The new IG Community has been live for a few weeks now and I just wanted to update all Community members on a couple of things, including a showcase of a brand new promotional video. This should be useful for those who haven't used Community before but what to know more - it's well worth a watch. If you have any comments or questions regarding the new forum please let us know in the Comments section below. We're always looking to improve our offering based on what traders want - so give us a shout! New features this month Guests can now post without necessarily needing to be logged into Community. We want to make sure that all content is still relevant and interesting, so all guest posts will have to be approved by a moderator before being publicly visible. We want to make sure that quality over quantity remains, however the recent trial seems to have gone well and the Community is getting more relevant posts to add to discussion. If anyone has any opinion on this we'd love to hear from you so please feel free to add a comment below. We recently had a trial of the new 'poll' feature on a post relating to new cryptocurrencies. You can read that article on which crypto your most interested in here. Currently only moderators can post polls, however if you as a client would like to have this function, let us know! We're interested in who would use it. We're now in the top navigation bar on IG.com - it may not sound like a big change, but it allows you to get to the forum very quickly from anywhere on the IG.com environment (look for the global black navigation bar at the top). We're also looking at inclusion in MyIG - that should be live shortly. Finally, we have some stats for you which you may find interesting. What is IG Community? This purpose of this forum is for like-minded clients to share trade ideas and discuss market opportunities, ask questions, and provide help and support to others. Learn strategies and trade ideas from experienced traders Give tips to the Community and share your market knowledge Perfect your trading by discussing ideas with others Get the most out of IG and ask the Community anything regarding trading or IG Anyone can browse the trading forum, but you will need to have an IG account to post or interact on Community and have your content published immediately. If you're new to the forumand looking for a first step maybe check out the forum, or have a once over of our Community tutorials. We migrated the old forum (and added some new features) We have migrated over all the posts, likes, 'kudos' and private messages from the previous version of the forum, as well as integrated the Community login with the wider IG eco system so you can enjoy a seamless digital experience between the trading platform and forum. You should be able to see all your previously posted content under the same Community username as you originally had on the previous iteration. New content areas... Blogs: We have three blogs which we will be updated periodically. Market News - Daily morning briefings, index dividend adjustments, and one off articles IG Product Updates - A place to let you know about all the things we roll out IG Community Blog - Competitions, 'Ask the Expert' series, and Community updates ...and a few new features. Activity streams: If you're logged in you'll notice you can easily browse things such as 'unread' or 'followed' content. You can save individual search streams so they're available for the next time you log in Advanced search: An updated and intuitive search functionality Leaderboard: The Leaderboard keeps track of the hottest content and best users each day based on reputation received. You'll increase your chances of getting on here if you post more, receive more likes, and help others Community Profile: Your space in Community. Check yours out by clicking on your username in the top right hand corner (logged in users only). Access IG Community - anytime, anywhere IG Community will be up 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. The easiest way to access IG Community is using the top right hand 'Help' drop down in the dealing platform, but you can also access via our mobile apps (look under the help and support section - try it now), or by simply going to community.ig.com. What do you like? What would you change if you had the chance? What new areas would you like to see? Let us know using the comments section below. Happy chatting IG Community Moderator Team
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  13. I just wanted to update all Community members to let them know that we have recently reduced the minimum bet sizes on some key indices, commodities, and FX markets. This has been done for both UK spread betting accounts and European CFD accounts. What are the minimum bet sizes for indices, commodities and FX on IG? Correct as of 6th September 2018 but subject to change Continued feedback A key aim of Community is to keep a two way dialogue open between our client base and those on our trading services support team, core dealing and developer teams. The decision to reduce minimum bet sizes across these markets has in part been due to feedback received from a number of our clients and those on Community. A big thank you to those who have shared their thoughts on this over the last few weeks. Please feel free to continue to add feedback and suggestions on Community at any point. If you have any feedback on this specific change please feel free to add it below. All the best IG Community moderator team
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  14. If you like to change between different intervals on the IG desktop charts (from 1 minute candlesticks to 5 or 10 minute candles, or to hours, days or months) then we've just made it easier with keyboard shortcuts. Whilst on a chart you can type any number from 1 to 5 on your keyboard to bring up a small 'interval' dialogue box, confirm your choice, and hit enter. For example: 1 minute intervals: type 1 then enter 5 minute intervals: type 5 then enter 1 hour intervals: type 1 h then enter 2 hour intervals: type 2 h then enter 1 week intervals: type 1 w then enter See crosshair data on future dates You can now place your cursor/crosshair on a future date and see the level and time/date where you are positioned. Whilst this is a very minor update which could be seen as a trivial feature, it can become quite handy if you're looking at a trend and want to know exact levels and the time they will be reached. Simply position your cursor in the future and you’ll see the corresponding information straight away. If you have any questions or feedback on this, please feel free to share in the Comment section below.
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  15. In a similar manner to our position preview feature you can now see your working order shaping up on the charts as you start creating orders from the ticket. Simply input your order direction, size and level and you will be able to see a preview on the chart. You can then decide to drag you Stop and/or Limit from the chart to define their absolute level and see the related Risk/Reward Ratio. Once you are happy with this just place your order from the ticket et voila! If you have any comments, feedback, or questions on this please add your thoughts to the comment section below. Client feedback is a driving force behind platform improvements and all suggestions are forwarded to the appropriate project management and product ownership teams. NB: You will need to make sure 'position preview' is on - you can toggle this by right clicking on the charts and navigating to 'show'.
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  16. Turning on FX swap bid/offer When trading currency pairs, if a position is held through 10pm GMT, it will incur an overnight funding charge. This charge is based on the interest rate differential between the two currencies in the pair, where you receive interest in the currency you buy and pay interest on the currency you sell. Swap rates also apply to cryptocurrencies and spot gold, silver, platinum or palladium. Based on client feedback we have now added these overnight funding charges to the platform. Please keep in mind that they are indicative figures. These swap rates are viewed from a watchlist. Once you have an FX pair on the watchlist, by clicking on the three lines that are positioned on the left-hand corner next to the word 'market', a drop down of columns will appear. Click on the swap bid and swap offer buttons to activate them. What does this mean for me? If GBPUSD was quoted as 0.22 / -0.85 then the 0.22 would be what you receive if you are short, and the 0.85 would be what you pay if you are long. You then need to do the trade size times this value. For example a spread bet of £3/pt on the short trade would result in a credit to your account of 66p (which comes from 0.22 x £3). If you have a CFD account and you're holding a single $10 contract long, you would pay $8.50 per night (which comes from 1 contract x $10 x 0.85). Where does this figure come from? The figure is shown in points and depending on the currency you hold and the direction of your trade you can either earn or pay a premium, keeping in mind that there is an IG charge included in the calculation. Currently this is 0.3% (or 0.8% for mini contracts and spread bets) however as this is subject to change please check IG.com for the latest fees. If you are long on a currency pair, you will need to focus on the swap offer, and if you are short you will focus on the swap bid. If the swap is a positive number, you will be credited, because the interest rate on the currency you are buying is higher than the interest rate on the currency you are selling. If the rate is a negative number you will be charged, because the interest rate on the currency you are buying is lower than the interest rate on the currency you are selling. If the interest rate on the euro is 0.25% and the interest rate on the USD is 2.75% and you buy EURUSD, you will be receiving 0.25% but paying 2.75%, and will be left with an interest rate differential of 2.5 points (excluding the IG change). Example: Let us take EURUSD as a worked example. We will need two figures for our calculation, the underlying market swap rate (known as the Tom/Next rate, which is provided by the banks), as well as the current spot rate of the currency pair at 10pm. The below figures are indicative for this calculation. An example of the underlying 'Tom/Next' rate for EURUSD: 0.34 / 0.39 An example of today's Spot FX rate for EURUSD at 10pm UK time: 1.0650 An example IG admin fee of 0.3% which is subject to change (please find the most up to date admin fees on IG.com) Once we have the Tom/Next rate, we take the 10pm EURUSD spot rate (in points) and multiply by IG's charge of 0.3% (or 0.8% for CFD mini or Spread Betting deal), which is then divided by 360 days to get an overnight value. = (10650 x 0.3%) / 360 = 31.95 / 360 = 0.08875 This is then applied to the underlying market quote of 0.34 / 0.39 Bid = 0.34 - 0.08875 = 0.25125 = 0.25 Offer = 0.39 + 0.08875 = 0.47875 = 0.48 This then gives us our overnight funding rate, inclusive of IG charge, of 0.25 / - 0.48. The '˜Offer' is negative, because currently there is a higher interest rate on USD than there is on EUR. Therefore, buying the pair would leave you paying a larger USD interest vs receiving a smaller EUR interest. E.g. If you were long one main lot, you would do 'Number of Contracts x Contract Size x Tom Next Rate'. Using the information above, if you were long one main lot, your 'Daily FX Interest' would be: 1 x $10 x - 0.48 = $4.80 charge per night. (Conversely if you were short, you would receive $2.50 per night). Important factors to note FX settlement of T+2 means that if you hold your trade through 10pm Wednesday (UK Time) then you'll need to incorporate the weekend into the calculation, and therefore you'll have an 'FX Interest Charge' of 3 days. This is because currency can't settle at the weekend, and the new spot rate would therefore fall on a Monday. It also follows that if you hold through 10pm on a Friday, you only receive a 1 day charge (even though you have to hold through three days before you can close the position). Settlement of FX can't take place on public holidays. Therefore, over periods such as Christmas or Easter, or public holidays such as Martin Luther King Day or Thanksgiving, you may see interest charges for a variable number of days. Some currencies trade on a T+1 basis, most notably USDCAD, USDTRY and USDRUB.
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  17. In the Aftermath of the Fed The baton has been dropped. The Federal Reserve was by far the most aggressive major central bank through this past financial epoch (the last decade) to embrace ‘normalization’ of its monetary policy following its extraordinary infusion of support through rate cuts and quantitative easing (QE). Over the past three years, the central bank has raised its benchmark rate range 225 basis points and slowly began to reverse the tide of its enormous balance sheet. As of the conclusion of this past week’s two-day FOMC policy meeting, we have seen the dual efforts to level out extreme accommodation all but abandoned. A more dovish shifted was heavily expected given the statement in January’s meeting, the rhetoric of individual members as well as the state of the global markets and economic forecasts. Yet, what was realized proved more aggressive than the consensus had accounted for. No change to the benchmark rates was fully assumed, but the median forecast among the members accounted for a faster drop than the market likely thought practical. From the 50 bps of tightening projected in the last update in December, the median dropped to no further increases in 2019 and only one hike over the subsequent two years. Over the past three years, the central bank has raised its benchmark rate range 225 basis points and slowly began to reverse the tide of its enormous balance sheet. The Dollar responded abruptly Wednesday evening with a sharp tumble, but there was notably a lack of follow through where it counted – the DXY Dollar Index wouldn’t go the next step to slip below its 200-day moving average and break a ten-month rising trend channel (a hold that confounded those trading an presumed EURUSD breakout). Why did the Greenback hold – for now – when the move was clearly a dovish shift? Likely because the market is already affording for an even more dovish forecast as Fed Fund futures have set the probability of a 25bps cut from the Fed before the end of the year as high as 45 percent. What’s more, if you intend to trade the Dollar; it is important to recognize that even with a more dovish path ahead, the Dollar and US assets will maintain a hearty advantage over its major counterparts. That would particularly be the case should other groups extend their dovish views to more actively explore deeper trenches of monetary policy. Looking beyond the Dollar’s take, however, there are far more important considerations for the global financial system and sentiment. The Fed was the pioneer of sorts for massive stimulus programs designed to recharge growth and revive battered markets. It was also the first to start pulling back the extreme safety net when its effectiveness was facing deserved scrutiny by even the most ardent disciple of the complacency-backed risk-on run. In other words, its course change carries significantly more weight than any of its peers. The question ‘why is the Fed easing back and so quickly’ is being posed consistently whereas in the past market participants would have just indulged in the speculative benefits. The overwhelming amount of headline fodder – from trade wars to frequency of volatility in the capital markets – makes for a ready list of considerations. Yet, the group’s own economic forecasts brought the reality home far more forcefully. Though we have seen numerous economic participants downgrade the growth outlook (economists, investors through markets, the IMF, etc), to see the median GDP forecast in the SEP (Summary of Economic Projections) lowered from 2.3 percent to 2.1 percent for 2019 made the circumstances explicit. We’ve considered multiple times over previous months what happens if the market’s start to question the capability of the world’s largest central banks to keep the peace and fight off any re-emergences of financial instability. Now it seems this concern is being contemplated by the market-at-large. That doesn’t bode well for our future. A Sudden Fixed Income Interest When ‘Recession’ Warnings Take Hold Except for fixed income traders and economists, the yield curve is rarely mentioned in polite trader conversation or in the mainstream financial media. Its implications are too wonky for most as it can be difficult to draw impact to the average traders’ portfolio and given the considerable time lag between its movements and capital market response. Yet, when it comes to its most popular signal – that of a possible recession signal – the structure of duration risk suddenly becomes as commonplace a talking point as NFPs. On Friday, the headlines were plastered with the news that the US Treasury yield curve had inverted along with a quick take interpretation that such an occasion has accompanied recessions in the past. There have actually been a few parts of the US government debt curve that have inverted at various points over the past months, but this occasion was trumpeted much more loudly as it happened in the comparison to the 10-year and 3-month spread (what has been identified as a recession warning even by some of the Fed branches themselves). First, what is a ‘curve’? It is the comparison of how much investors demand in return (yield) to lend to the government (for Treasuries specifically) for a certain amount of time. Normally, the longer you tie up your money to any investment, the greater the risk that something unfavorable could happen and thereby you expect a greater rate of return. When the markets demand more for a short-term investment than a longer-term one in the same asset, there is something amiss. When the markets demand more return from a three-month loan to the US government than a 10-year loan, it seems something is very wrong. Historically, the inversion of these two maturities has predated a number of us the recessions in the United States – most recently the slumps in 2008, 2001 and 1990. When the markets demand more return from a three-month loan to the US government than a 10-year loan, it seems something is very wrong. First is the lead period the curve reversal has to economic contraction. The signal can precede a downturn in growth by months and even years. Preparation is good, but moving too early can ‘leave money on the table’ for the cautious or accumulate some serious losses for those trying to trade some imminent panic. Further, there are certain distortions that we have altered the course in normal capital market tributaries that could be doing the same for Treasuries and therefore this reading. More recently, the revived threat of the US government shutdown through December and the unresolved debt ceiling debate put pressure on the asset class. At the same time, though, few believe the US would do little more than allow for a short-term financial shock in order to make a political point. Far more complicating for the market and the signal is the activity of the US and global central banks. The Federal Reserve has purchased trillions in medium-dated government debt as part of its QE program. They only started to slowly to reduce holdings and push longer dated yields back up a few years after they began raising short term rates in earnest. Their recent policy reversal only adds to the complication. Now, all of this does not mean that I believe the US and global economies will avoid stalling out or even contracting in the near future. Between the dependence on capital markets and stimulus, the heavy toll of trade wars and nationalistic policies, and the pain for key players in the global web; there is a high probability that we will see an economic retrenchment in the next few years. That said, that wouldn’t make this particular signal a trigger (causation) or even correlated through the main forces that would bring on a recession. Nevertheless, yelling ‘fire’ in an a panicky crowd on foggy day can still yield volatile results. Brexit, Just Winging It Another week and another upheaval in Brexit expectations. Through much of the past year’s anxiety over the withdrawal of the United Kingdom form the European Union, there was at least some comfort to be found in the finality of the Brexit date (March 29th, 2019). While it could end in favorable circumstances for financial markets (a deal that allows considerable access for the UK) or acute uncertainty (a no-deal), at least it would be over. Well, that assurance is as clouded as the expected outcome from the negotiations themselves. Shortly after I wrote the Brexit update last week whereby there was a clear timeline for another meaningful vote on the Prime Minister’s proposals – after Parliament voted for an extension of negotiations – the Speaker to the House of Commons thwarted the effort when he said the scheme would not be reconsidered unless it was materially different. It is likely that see another significant change in this drama any times (and even multiple times) this week. At Prime Minister May’s request, the European Commission agreed to an extension of the discussions beyond the original Article 50 end date for this coming Friday. Yet, where the PM intreated a postponement out to the end of June, the EU agreed only to May 22nd – the day before European Parliamentary elections. Beyond that date, the UK would theoretically remain under the regulations and laws of the EU but would have no say in their direction which wouldn’t appeal to either side. So, now we are faced with another ‘fluid’ two months of critical deadlines. This week, it has been suggested the government will try to put up once again for a meaningful vote – though it is still not clear whether the proposal will be meaningfully different (the EU has offered no further concessions) or there has been a successful challenge against the Commons speaker. When this could be put up to vote is unclear, but it has been suggested between Monday and Wednesday. If the proposal is approved, the timeline to May 22nd will remain and we will start to see a genuine path form. If it is not, then the following week Parliament will have to indicate that “they have a way forward”. If they do not, an extension or no deal will likely be considered for April 12th – out to the previously mentioned May 22nd date. If we pass April 12th without a clear plan, the probabilities of a ‘no deal’ or ‘no Brexit’ will rise significantly. Those two scenarios are extreme and on the opposite end of the spectrum. From a Pound trader or global investor considering UK exposure, you can imagine what a situation where the probability of diametrically-opposed, market-moving outcomes are considered balanced would do to the markets. It will curb market liquidity and leverage uncertainty. That would translate into divestment, difficulty establishing trends and serious volatility. If that isn’t your cup of tea, it is best to seek opportunities elsewhere for the next few months until this is sorted.
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  18. Market action proves it again: this market hinges on the Fed: The US Fed has proven itself as the most important game in town for traders. The FOMC met this morning, and lo-and-behold: the dovish Fed has proven more dovish than previously thought; the patient Fed has proven more patient that previously thought. Interest rates have remained on hold, but everyone knew that was to be the case today. It was about the dot-plots, the neutral-rate, the economic projections, and the balance sheet run-off. On all accounts, the Fed has downgraded their views on the outlook. And boy, have markets responded. The S&P500 has proven its major-sensitivity to FOMC policy and whipsawed alongside a fall in US Treasury yields, as traders price-in rate cuts from the Fed in the future. The US Dollar sends some asset classes into a tizz: The US Dollar has tumbled across the board consequently, pushing gold prices higher. The Australian Dollar, even for all its current unattractiveness, has burst higher, to be trading back toward the 0.7150 mark. Commodity prices, especially those of thriving industrial metals, have also rallied courtesy of the weaker greenback. Emerging market currencies are collectively stronger, too. This is all coming because traders are more-or-less betting that the Fed is at the end of its hiking cycle, and financial conditions will not be constricted by policy-maker intervention. Relatively cheap money will continue to flow, as yields remain depressed, and allow for the (sometimes wonton) risk-taking conditions that markets have grown used to in the past decade. Some risk being taken again, though somewhat nervously: The play into risk-assets makes everything sound quite rosy. There are caveats to this, however. And that relates to what’s been inferred about global growth from the Fed’s meeting this morning. Implicitly, at the very least, the Fed has acknowledged that growth in the US and world economy is all but certain to slow-down. It wasn’t said outright – a central banker would never want to be anything less than cautiously optimistic – but the tone of Fed Chair Powell at his presser suggests a Fed that is sufficiently concerned about the global economy that they will definitively reverse its policy “normalization” course. Positivity was maintained by the Fed about US economic conditions, outrightly. However, the market has read between the lines, and it doesn’t like what it sees. Interest rates are now expected to be on hold for this cycle: So: although swung around post release, the more important bond market is telling a clearer story. The yield on the US 10 Year Treasuries have tumbled nearly 8 points to 2.53 percent, and the yield on US 2 Year Treasuries has fallen 7 points to 2.39 per cent. More remarkably, the yield on Treasuries with 3, 5- and 7-year maturities have dropped over nine points, creating a yield curve with a very flat belly. Of most concern here is that all of these securities are trading just at, or well below, the Fed’s current effective overnight-cash-rate of 2.40 per cent. Traders are now pricing in a greater than 50 per cent chance the Fed will cut rates by early next year, on the basis of deteriorating economic conditions. It’s getting harder for the Fed to get the right balance: The tight rope is getting narrower. For market participants, as always: on one side of it sits the need for accommodative financial conditions, on the other the need for robust growth conditions. It’s the rudimentary in principle, though complicated in practice, interplay between the credit cycle and the business cycle. Out of this Fed meeting, the proverbial tight rope walker is nervously shifting her gaze down towards the economic growth outlook. Powell and his team have apparently not struck the necessary equilibrium in its approach to its policy and communications to the market. Yes (again), risk assets have rallied, but right now, not in such a way that suggests the bulls are significantly more confident in the investment environment being planted before them. Other stories also important, though not as much as the Fed: Some of this could be attributed to the overhang coming from some of the other significant economic stories yesterday. Sentiment has been dented by news that key EU figure Donald Tusk may demand that no Brexit extension is granted for the UK; it has also been liver-punched by a story suggesting US President Trump does not necessarily see a lifting of tariffs on China occurring in any US-Sino trade deal. Once more: it does appear that markets have seen the greatest gravitas in the Fed meeting, though. And traders’ nervousness is being betrayed by this: despite a dovish tact, corporate credit spreads have rallied, the VIX is off its multi-year lows, and US Break-evens are revealing greater inflation risk in the US economy. Australian markets to be defined by Fed and employment numbers: Fittingly, SPI Futures are suggesting the ASX200 will open somewhere between 5-and-10 points lower this morning. Speaking of markets and the growth outlook, not only will Australian trade be impacted by the fall-out from the Fed’s nervously dovish tilt, we also get some highly anticipated employment figures out this morning. The currency and rates markets will be what to watch for: the themes driving the ASX200 this week is the renewed push in iron ore prices, along with the rotation into yield-driven defensive sectors as Australian ACGB yields tumble. The RBA have hitched their hopes for the Australian economy on a tightening labour market and subsequent lift in wages growth and inflation. Watch therefore today for any major downside miss in employment numbers. Written by Kyle Rodda - IG Australia
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  19. Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index pulled back last night with gambling shares having a bad time after falling revenues in Macau's casino region. US-Sino tensions rise as a US ship enters Chinese territory. Stay on top of currency markets as trade war tensions rise with #IGForexChat. The financial and healthcare sectors pushed the ASX lower whilst China remained closed for another public holiday. Bank of Australia holds cash rate at 1.5%. Japan’s Nikkei was the lone star in the Asian overnight session with a positive reading. USD/JPY climbs to 11 month high as speculators increase their short position on the yen. Euro looks to rebound following the Italian budget movement. Analysts suggest it may return to its previous trend, albeit a bearish one. Continued speculation for the conservative conference today with Theresa May expected to announce some concessions in her Brexit deal. Boris Johnson to speak later today. Yesterday saw a volatility spike in GBP/USD which we could see again today on the right type of news. Aston Martin has cut its maximum share price for its IPO from £22.50 down to £20 flat. The valuation toward the higher end of this downgrade should see the car manufacturer still slip into the FTSE 100 at £5bn, with the lowest constituent currently £4.7 in the existing index. Niche demand for high end luxury manufacturing by fund managers was the culprit. Expectations are still there for an IPO this week. Asian overnight: Japanese markets remained the one area of strength yet again overnight, as the ASX 200 and Hang Seng traded in the red once more. China remains on holiday and will be so for the rest of the week. The big overnight data point came in the form of the RBA rate decision, with the bank retaining rates at 1.5% as expected. The bank continues to see issues in the form of low household income growth, risks to consumption, and inflationary pressure from rising oil prices, pointing towards continued low rates for some time yet. LNG could be an interesting market to follow over winter... As public sentiment on pollution changes in China many are speculating on a repeat of last years movements in the liquefied natural gas market going into the colder months. Last year LNG imports were nearly 50% higher than the previous year. The key uncertainties for the market will be weather conditions (the colder the better for bullish traders), and whether or not the Chinese government has managed to maintain and hold onto its inventories and reserves (in which case the lower the better). LNG could be an interesting market to follow over winter as public sentiment on pollution hasn’t changed much from 12 months previous, and strong demand in Europe continues to buoy the price. You can blame that on an increase in carbon emission credit cost (boosting demand for cleaner fuels) and a colder start to the year. UK, US and Europe: Looking ahead, the UK construction PMI provides the centre point of European trade, with markets likely to continue looking towards any statements or rumours around Brexit for further GBP volatility. Keep an eye out for appearances from Fed member Quarles and Powell in the afternoon. South Africa: Equity markets are under pressure once again this morning, led by declines in European Futures. Markets are drawing concern from Italy's budget proposal, which the EU have said could invoke a Greek styled financial crisis. US Futures are trading mixed. In turn, we expect the Jse AllShare index to open up marginally lower this morning. Metal prices are trading slightly firmer this morning while oil prices continue to post significant gains in the wake of looming Iran sanctions and OPEC's suggested capacity constraints. Tencent Holdings is down 2.2% in Asia, suggestive of a weaker start for major holding company Naspers. BHP Billiton is trading 0.25% higher in Australia, suggestive of a marginally positive start for local diversified resource counters. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 9.30am – UK construction PMI (September): expected to rise to 55 from 52.9. Market to watch: GBP crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades Ferguson reported pre-tax profit for the year rose 16.6% to $1.19 billion, while revenue was up 7.6% to $20.75 billion. The dividend was raised by 21% to 189.3 cents per share. Ryanair said that volume rose 11% in September, though strike action caused the cancellation of 400 flights in the month. Revolution Bars said that pre-tax losses were £3.6 million, from a profit of £5.2 million a year earlier. Datatec has released a trading statement for 1H19 guiding that headline earnings per share is expected to be between 0.5 and 1 US cents (1H18 Reported: loss per share of 5.8 US cents). Group Five Ltd FY18 results showed a loss per share of 1334c which compares with a loss per share of 829c in the previous year. Credit Agricole raised to overweight at Morgan Stanley Metso upgraded to overweight at JPMorgan Atlas Mara downgraded to hold at Renaissance Capital Danske Bank cut to equal-weight at Morgan Stanley Royal Mail downgraded to underweight at JPMorgan Learning Technologies Group downgraded to add at Peel Hunt IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  20. MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan fell 0.3 percent, while Japan's Nikkei dropped 0.5. Global bond sell-off triggers the biggest decline in US equities in nearly four months. As 10-year treasury yields surge to the highest level since 2011, fears that current rates could restrain growth has hit stocks across the US, Europe and Asia. FTSE 100 posting its biggest drop since August yesterday. The Dow Jones drops more than 250 points as treasury yield rates surge, while the S&P 500 lost 0.82 percent and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 1.81 percent. In EM the Indian rupee has strengthened going into the RBI interest rate decision. After significant devaluation of the Turkish lira recently, it looks like the re-balancing of its economy is under way as the trade ministry report an increase in exports. This has been faster and stronger than expected. US non-farm payroll release today. US Labour department forecasts an increase of 185,000 in non-farm payrolls last month and the unemployment rate is expected to fall by 0.1% to 3.8% - an 18 year low. Asian overnight: Once again it is the Australian ASX 200 which provides the one outlier to a wider bearish story within Asia, where China remains the notable absence for the duration of the week. Data-wise, the Australian economy received a boost in the form of a stronger retail sales number, coming in at 0.3% as expected. Emerging market currencies have been under pressure this week, and the Indian Rupee is in focus today, the RBI expected to raise rates later in the morning. As always any USD cross will likely experience significant volatility around NFP UK, US and Europe: The US Treasury yield is making headlines and often seen as a ‘safe haven’ or risk free investment over periods of potential uncertainty. A rising curve is generally seen as negative across other asset types. Wall Street also took a hit as FANG stock drew blood as investors and speculators begin to price in a potential acceleration in inflation. Continued positives in jobless claims and factory orders out yesterday all painted a good picture for the US economy, nicely lining up the non farm payrolls figure due at 1.30pm BST. As always any USD cross will likely experience significant volatility around this time, along with most assets quoted in USD. Bond markets, oil, and inelastic soft commodities may also see fallout. A relatively quiet European session today sees very little in the way of major market moving events, where the German factory orders has already been released before the bell (up to 2% vs 0.7% expected). Following yesterday’s relative lull in data, today sees all eyes turn towards the US once more, with the jobs report due out alongside the Canadian version. The rise in yields off the back of strong US data on Wednesday is likely to come back into play for traders. Those following this trade should keep an eye on the jobs numbers, as a similar outperformance is expected to bring another surge. Meanwhile, coming off the back of the US-Canada trade deal, the Canadian dollar could receive another boost with markets expecting an improved employment change and unemployment rate today. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 1.30pm – US non-farm payrolls (September), balance of trade (August): forecast to see 185K jobs created from a reading of 201K a month earlier. The unemployment rate is expected to fall to 3.8% from 3.9%, while average hourly earnings rise 0.2% MoM from 0.4%. Trade deficit to narrow to $50 billion from $50.1 billion. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses 1.30pm – Canada employment (September): 11,400 jobs expected from a drop of 51,600 a month earlier. Market to watch: CAD crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades Lenovo shares drop 20% following report over alleged Chinese spy chips. Unilever withdraws proposal to simplify dual structure. Danske Bank confirmed yesterday that the US DoJ is investigating potential money laundering activity and that they’re received a ‘request for information’. Danish regulators have said they want the bank to increase their capital reserves, whilst Danske themselves recently confirmed they’re going to stop a share buy back program. Shares are down nearly 40% from the beginning of the year. Intu Properties faces a takeover by its largest investor, Peel Group, in a multi-billion pound deal. Toyota recalling over 2.4 million hybrid vehicles over battery faults. Centamin has lowered gold production guidance for the year, with output now expected to be around 480,000 ounces, below the 505-515K oz. However, Q3 production was up 27%. Intertek Upgraded to Buy at Berenberg Eutelsat Upgraded to Buy at Goldman Proximus Upgraded to Overweight at JPMorgan Helvetia Downgraded to Hold at Baader Helvea Antofagasta Downgraded to Sell at Goldman IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  21. Theresa May declares to end austerity in the much anticipated Conservative party conference yesterday. Bloomberg has also reported this morning that the prime minister plans to rush her Brexit deal through parliament in a bid to stop the opposition voting down the treaty. The DOW hits record highs of 26,951.81 but stocks close with minimal change on the day as rising interest rates have made investors wary. The tension between the U.S. and China continues as China plans to sell $3bn worth of dollar bonds. In EM the Brazilian stock market is having it's strongest rally over the past two years, up more than 3%, as far-right candidate Jair Bolsonaro has extended his lead in the Brazilian election, according to opinion polls. European market regulators, ESMA, are drafting a number of bilateral agreements with the FCA in an effort to reduce market instability going into Brexit. A lack of political agreement is the main worry, which the second tier financial regulation helps to mitigate. The 10-year US treasury rose to a seven year high in response to yesterday’s impressive US data which also drove the likes of the Dow and S&P 500 to record highs. AUD has fallen steadily against the US dollar, coming in at the lowest since mid-September, initially fueled by the release of weaker than anticipated local building approvals data in Australia. Asian overnight: Yet another day of losses for Asian markets has seen Japanese and Hong Kong indices trading in the red, with Australia representing the one outlier to that story. China remains on holiday and will do so for the duration of the week. Data-wise, the Australian trade data saw an improvement to the overall balance following a rise in exports (1% from -1%) and flat imports (0%). UK, US and Europe: Looking ahead, we have precious few notable economic events to look out for, with US unemployment claims, factory orders, and the Canadian Ivey PMI numbers providing the only releases worth watching out for. This leaves markets to ponder ongoing themes, with Brexit (post-Conservative conference), Italian deficit (as coalition aim to produce budget) and the US-China trade war remaining key drivers of uncertainty. The recent rallying of oil prices seems to have come to an end as prices fell from four-year highs. Theresa May has called for party unity over her plan to divorce the UK from the EU or risk having "no Brexit at all". The cry for support comes after Boris Johnson's explosive speech on Tuesday, which the prime minister admits made her "cross". RBS Boss, Ross McEwan, is someone who is hoping that Brexit does not get to the stage of a no-deal, as he warns a bad Brexit could see the UK go into a recession. The recent rallying of oil prices seems to have come to an end as prices fell from four-year highs. This is the result of rising U.S. oil inventories and multiple sources reporting that Saudi Arabia and Russia struck a private deal in September to raise output without consulting other producers, including OPEC. South Africa: US Index Futures and Asian equity markets are suggesting a softer start for our local bourse (Jse All Share Index). A stronger than expected US private sector jobs report yesterday, has resulted in a strengthening dollar and higher treasury yields. In turn precious metal prices have come under pressure while the rand has softened against the greenback. Tencent Holdings is trading 2.5% lower in Asia, suggestive of a similar start for major holding company Naspers. BHP Billiton is up 0.9% in Australia, suggestive of a positive start for local diversified resource counters. Today's economic calendar is light in terms of scheduled news events, with perhaps FOMC member Quarles' public address at 3:15pm the most relevant to watch out for. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 1.30pm – US initial jobless claims (w/e 29 September): claims forecast to fall to 206K from 214K. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses 3pm – Canada Ivey PMI (September, seasonally adjusted): expected to decline to 61.4 from 61.9. Market to watch: CAD crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades Ted Baker said that revenue rose 3.5% to £306 million for the first half, but pre-tax profit dropped 3.2% to £24.5 million. Electrocomponents reported a 10% rise in like-for-like sales for the first half, and half-year adjusted pre-tax profit is expected to be around £100 million, up from £79 million. Aston Martin shares fell on it's first full day of trading, having opened at £19 the shares fell as low as £17.75 before closing for the day at £18.10. Another recent company that had an IPO in the UK, the Funding Circle, also saw their stock price dive as much as 24%. With both of the recent high-profile IPO's in the UK failing to live up to initial expectations, it will be interesting to see trader sentiment for upcoming IPO's. The disappointing debuts have put the spotlight on some of the biggest investment banks in the world who were involved in the IPO's, such as BoAML, JPM, Morgan Stanley and Goldman, as analysts suggest the newly-listed companies were not priced correctly. Barnes and Noble is up 20% as the board has initiated a review process which aims to evaluate strategic alternatives, which includes the sale of the company. Cannabis stock Tilray has fallen 12% in the extended session after the firm announced plans to offer $400 million in convertible notes to institutional Canadian investors, which can be converted into shares. Watch out for Constellation, Corona beer owner, who are reporting earnings later today at 15:30 UK time. The company made headlines earlier this year as they poured $4bn into Canopy Growth, Canada's top cannabis producer. Software companies Horton and Cloudera have announced a merger which saw both shares raise 19% and 18% respectively. Swisscom Raised to Equal-weight at Morgan Stanley Gecina Rated New Overweight at Barclays Shaftesbury Upgraded to Neutral at Kempen & Co Swedbank Downgraded to Neutral at JPMorgan Sunrise Cut to Underweight at Morgan Stanley IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  22. The London Metal Exchange: LME The LME is one of the last pit traded venues in the world which has escaped the computerisation and digitalisation of the modern world. The iconic image of the 80's with men in brightly coloured suits has all but gone, however the live 'ring' as it's known is still the number one place in the world to trade a number of ferrous, non-ferrous, precious and minor metals. LME participants can trade and take or make delivery of aluminium, copper, tin, nickel, zinc, lead, aluminium alloy and NASAAC, as well as steel and scrap contracts, LME silver and LME gold, and other lesser known metals such as cobalt and molybdenum futures. We recently spent an afternoon at the venue and I managed to take the following video which I thought I would share with Community members. The LME is used for dealers and institutional trading houses who sometimes work on behalf of real world companies such as car manufacturers who need aluminium for delivery. A staggering 80% of the worlds industrial metal prices are set in this room. Everyone tends to wait until the end of the session, so the final few moments can be very exciting! It's only a minute or so long, but you can see the excitement as people can't even stay on their seats around the 30 second mark! Trade LME metals with IG As as exciting as this can be, I still think it's quite good that you can get exposure to all these same assets on the IG dealing dealing platform. Simply check out the Commodities section on the left hand fly out, and scroll to 'Base Metals'. You can also use the 'news' section on the left to search for specific news relating to these markets which may be lesser known to yourself.
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  23. China trade war escalates as new tariffs kick in: U.S. economy set to slow from here on, damaged by trade war EM ASIA FX soften as dollar recovers after falling for six straight sessions Wall Street sets record for longest bull run in history; Key S&P 500 index passes landmark as it goes 3,453 days without major correction Brexit contingency plan papers released; Brexit could be good news for Britain's farmers Australian dollar drops as three government ministers quit Crude oil sees it's largest gains in two months on varying signs of ebbing supply Asian overnight: Another indecisive session overnight has seen weakness in Hong Kong and Australian stocks counteract the already unimpressive gains seen in Japan and China. The Australian dollar came under pressure after three main cabinet members resigned to switch allegiance to Peter Dutton, who aims to become the next Liberal leader and ultimately the next Prime Minister. The dollar also strengthened overnight following an optimistic outlook from the Fed, with yesterday’s minutes pointing towards a rate hike at the next meeting despite concerns over trade tensions. Trade talks in China continue into their second day today, yet with neither side likely to cede much ground, it seems likely we will see a positive resolution. UK, US and Europe: A very busy economic calendar sees the day kick off with a host of eurozone PMI readings from the likes of the French, German, and eurozone services and manufacturing sectors. This does carry into the afternoon, with the US manufacturing and services PMI surveys due for release. Also keep an eye out for the eurozone minutes, alongside consumer confidence data, which will both bring expectations of heightened volatility for the euro. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 8am – 9am – French, German, eurozone mfg & services PMI (August, flash): German mfg PMI to fall to 55.5 from 56.9, while eurozone mfg PMI to fall to 54.6 from 55.1. Markets to watch: eurozone indices, EUR crosses 12.30pm – ECB meeting minutes: these could provide some support to a flagging euro if they reinforce the image of a bank moving towards tightening policy in the longer term. Markets to watch: eurozone indices, EUR crosses 1.30pm – US initial jobless claims (w/e 18 August): claims expected to rise to 217K from 212K. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses 2.45pm – US mfg & services PMI (August, flash): mfg PMI to fall to 55.2 from 55.3, while services PMI to fall to 54 from 56. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses 3pm – US new home sales (July): forecast to rise 0.6% MoM from -5.3%. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses 3pm – eurozone consumer confidence (August, flash): forecast to fall to -0.7 from -0.6. Markets to watch: eurozone indices, EUR crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades CRH said that first-half profits rose 4.6% to €497 million, while sales were 1% higher at €11.9 billion. Performance was affected by weather disruption in Europe and North America, and currency headwinds. The dividend was raised by 2.1% to 19.6 cents per share. Premier Oil reported pre-tax profit of $98.4 million for the first half, up from $40.7 a year earlier, while cash flow fell to $276.6 million from $282.7 million. Net debt was cut to $2.65 billion from $2.72 billion a year earlier. OneSavings Bank has upgraded tis growth forecast thanks to a good start to 2018. Pre-tax profit in the first half rose 17% to £91.8 million, with the loan book up 11% to £8.1 billion. Growth is now expected to be in the ‘high teens’, from a previous ‘mid-teens’ forecast. BNP Paribas upgraded to buy at Bankhaus Lampe Masmovil upgraded to overweight at Barclays Sunrise upgraded to overweight at Barclays Zooplus upgraded to hold at Kepler Cheuvreux Deutsche Euroshop cut to hold at Berenberg Terveystalo cut to underweight at Morgan Stanley IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
    2 points
  24. Turkey: Financial markets regained their cool overnight, returning to some semblance of normal trading conditions. Traders appear a little more comfortable with the Turkey situation, apparently reassured by the idea that developed economies and financial markets are shielded from the direr consequences of a Turkish borne financial crisis. The core issue is unlikely to disappear entirely, given hostilities between the US and Turkey have only escalated in recent days. Moreover, global fundamentals will continue to work against broader emerging markets, who look ever-vulnerable to rising global interest rates and a strengthening US Dollar. However, at least when it comes to developed capital markets, it looks like the attitude has shifted to “play on”. Wall Street: Wall Street will cap off the global recovery in equities over the last 24 hours, providing a stable lead for Asian trading today. The benchmark S&P500 ended its four-day losing streak – its longest in several months – to add 0.65 per cent for the session. Earning’s season is practically done and dusted now, with investors now allowed to mull over what it all meant – and how it will affect the future. As it stands currently, the overriding belief is that there are indeed good times still to come. Assuming risks in emerging markets and geopolitical tensions remain to one side – a very big assumption, of course – the S&P seems poised to restart its journey to the all-time high at 2875 achieved earlier this year. ASX: SPI futures are indicating a softer open for the ASX200 this morning, presently pointing a modest 5-point dip at the open. Investors in Australian shares leapt at the opportunity of jumping back in to equities as the Turkey-contagion fears subsided, quickly regaining (in effect) all the territory abandoned during the day prior. It was the financial stocks, following-on from their successful week last week, that led the charge, supported admirably by the index’s relative minnow-sector, information technology. The diminution of macroeconomic themes provided investors with the scope to turn to more fundamental matters in the market, such as the local reporting season. Local earnings: Reporting season news focused primarily on two noteworthy misses yesterday: first from Cochlear, the second from Domino’s Pizza. For Cochlear, the full-year results were quite respectable, revealing that net income expanded 10 per cent and that the company’s dividend pay-out would increase by 11 per cent. However, the share fell by 3.52 per cent, unwinding a portion of the 16 per cent gain achieved by the stock year-to-date, after profit guidance missed expectations and analyst’s consensus changed the stock to “hold”. The story was far more-stark for Domino’s Pizza, with that company missing even the lowest analyst estimate for full year net income, driving its share price down 6.52 per cent. China: Macroeconomic watchers had an eye-on Chinese fundamental data midday yesterday, as China’s National Bureau of Statistics released one of its big monthly data dumps. The monthly release of Retail Sales, Unemployment, Industrial Production and Fixed Asset Investment data has taken on graver significance in recent months, with trader’s combing through any piece of information that could glean an insight into the fundamental strength of a slowing Chinese economy. Yesterday’s release was on balance a poor one, adding to concerns that tariffs and cyclical factors are dragging on the Chinese economy. Despite this, traders largely ignored the news, swept up in the relief of ostensibly lower credit risk from the Turkey debacle – although the Yuan did maintain its affection towards the 6.90 mark. Aussie data: Australian fundamental data will centre on the household sector over the next 24-48 hours. It begins with the release of the Westpac Consumer Sentiment reading at 10.00AM, continues with Wage Price Index data later this morning, and concludes with Employment Data tomorrow. The wage growth figures will be the most pertinent for markets, given the RBA’s imploration that inflation and therefore interest rates will not increase until there are signs that Australian workers are getting a pay rise. Though it was missed by many in the thick of the Turkey panic at the end of last week, cash futures markets more-or-less priced out any more than a 50/50 chance of an interest rate hike from the RBA, following the release of the bank’s quarterly Monetary Policy Statement on Friday. While this market-dynamic remains, watch for an increasingly stifled AUD/USD, particuarly now that we’ve plunged below the 0.7300 handle. UK and the Pound: Better than expected labour market data was released out of the UK last night, ahead of the release of CPI figures tonight. The UK economy is one of the more curious situations for market participants presently, particularly as it relates to future interest rate settings amid ongoing Brexit drama. The implications appear to be weighing on sentiment and economic fundamentals, effectively forcing the BOE to admit recently that strong fundamentals will take a back-seat while an outcome to Brexit is decided. Activity in the pound has hence become of high interest in markets, especially this week, considering scheduled Brexit negotiations on Thursday: the GBP/USD has lost over 3 cents in less than a fortnight, presenting signs of being oversold, but apparently possessing little impetus to reverse this trend. Please note: This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
    2 points
  25. Trade war: Geopolitical ructions became the dominant theme late in North American trade, setting up a day for Asian markets distracted by trade-war developments and rising diplomatic tensions in other geographies. The heightened trade war anxieties were piqued by news that China would be slapping retaliatory tariffs of 25 per cent on $US16b worth of US imports, in response to the Trump administrations go-ahead earlier in the week to implement comparable tariffs on Chinese imports. The trade concerns were then exacerbated by news that the US would increase sanctions on Russia for its involvement in poisoning an ex-Spy in the UK. Both stories are fresh but add to already tense diplomatic relations between the US and China, and the US and Russia: expect the news to rattle Asian and European markets, which have proven far more vulnerable to geopolitical risks. US Indices: Wall Street has slipped in late trade during the North American session, during a day in which US indices traded relatively flat. The industrials laden and therefore trade-war sensitive Dow Jones has given up the most ground, staring down a close of -0.2 per cent. The benchmark S&P500 is still effectively flat, while the NASDAQ has held onto very modest gains, illustrating once-more that the all-conquering tech spacer is what underpins US share-market strength in the face of trade-conflict. US share were showing signs of a potential run toward the record levels set at the start of 2018, with the S&P coming as close as 13 points to that milestone. The inflamed trade-war tensions may put this ambition on hold, notwithstanding the record earning’s season on Wall Street. Oil: Oil prices have experience the most volatility overnight, courtesy of the increase in geopolitical risks, falling several per cent, even despite a lower than expected print in US crude oil inventories. Brent Crude is currently trading around the $US72.35-mark, stripping most of this week’s gains, as markets factor in the greater risk of a global economic slowdown, along with the possibility Russia may intervene in oil markets in response to new sanctions. The dump in oil prices does not bode well for equity markets, which have benefited from climbs in energy stocks in response to the oil rally. The ASX200 will certainly remain amongst the most vulnerable to this dynamic, with eyes now on the performance of the energy and materials sectors today. ASX: SPI futures are slipping as the morning unfolds, as prices in that market progressively fall as news about trade war risks develop. The Australian share market performed relatively well yesterday, adding 0.23 per cent to close at 6268. The closing price placed the ASX effectively in the middle of its recent range, with traders now acclimatising to some sideways trading. It is difficult to imagine that further gains are on the cards for ASX today amid this morning’s trade war developments, particularly given a gathering fall in commodity prices. Perhaps a good indicator of trader sentiment and market strength will be in how well support at around 6235 holds up today. CBA: The major catalyst for the ASX200’s little climb yesterday was the relief rally in the price of CBA shares, which added 2.63 per cent throughout the day. Although the bank’s results effectively ended its run of recorded profits — weighed down by the roughly $1.1b of outlays relating to regulatory costs and legal penalties — the earnings report appeared to reassure investors that the poor results could be pinned on transitory factors, and that the business fundamentals appear strong enough to justify buying at current levels. It will be a point of interest as the markets digests CBA’s earnings and await updates from the other major banks, how far a rally in bank stocks can go: there is certainly a lid on prices around the bank’s pre-Royal Commission levels and given the headwinds of a slack economy and weaker property prices, further climbs in bank stocks seem improbable. China: Chinese markets will likely take much of the attention of global markets today, considering the unwelcomed developments in the trade war. Activity in the Yuan will be closely watched, as it appears the PBOC are beginning to play a big part in supporting the weakening Chinese currency. Anywhere above or near the 6.90 level seems to be the line in the sand for Chinese policy makers, with stabilization measures quickly applied to currency markets when traders push the Yuan through that mark. A strong argument could be made that the actions of the PBOC indicate that Chinese officials won’t look to weaponize the Yuan in this trade war, who appear to be more worried for now about the issue of financial stability within the Chinese economy. RBNZ: The RBNZ kept interest rates on hold this morning. More to come tomorrow. Please note: This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  26. LONDON (Reuters) - Seven in 10 institutional investors expect to invest in or buy digital assets in the future, although price volatility is the main barrier for new entrants, a study by Fidelity's cryptocurrency business found. More than half of the 1,100 institutional investors surveyed globally by Coalition Greenwich on behalf of Fidelity Digital Assets between December and April said they had digital asset investments. Around 90% of those interested in investing in future said they expected their company's or their clients' portfolios to include digital asset investments within the next five years, the research found. This included direct cryptocurrency investments or exposure through stocks of cryptocurrency companies or other investment products. Those surveyed included high net worth investors, family offices, digital and traditional hedge funds, financial advisors and endowments. Launched in 2018, Fidelity Digital Assets is the cryptocurrency business of Boston-based Fidelity Investments and offers institutional investors custody and execution services for assets such as bitcoin. The company was one of the first mainstream financial services providers to embrace cryptocurrencies, which increasingly have attracted established financial institutions. TP ICAP (LON:NXGN) the world's biggest inter-dealer broker, late last month said it was launching a cryptocurrency trading platform with Fidelity and Standard Chartered (LON:STAN)'s digital assets custody unit. Despite the mainstream interest, cryptocurrency prices and trading volumes have slumped. Bitcoin has fallen around 50% since its high in April. The firms surveyed cited price volatility as the biggest obstacle for new investors, followed by the lack of fundamentals needed to assess value and concerns around market manipulation. In a survey last month JPMorgan Chase & Co (NYSE:JPM), found only 10% of institutional investment firms trade cryptocurrencies, with nearly half labeling the emerging asset class as "rat poison" or predicting it would be a temporary fad. By Anna Irrera, 20 July 2021. Investing.com
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  27. Earnings will take center stage in the week ahead as some of the largest U.S. companies from different sectors report Q2 2021 earnings. As the U.S. economic recovery accelerates after the successful rollouts of COVID vaccines, investors will focus on inflationary pressures and whether they are squeezing corporate margins. Riding on earnings optimism, all three major U.S. indices continued their upward trajectory this year, with the S&P 500 and the NASDAQ 100 Index trading near their record levels. Below, we've short-listed three stocks from different sectors we’re monitoring as Q1 earnings season ramps into full swing: 1. Netflix Streaming entertainment giant Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX) reports Q2 earnings on Tuesday, July 20 after the market close. Analysts are expecting $3.1 a share profit on sales of $7.32 billion. NFLX Weekly TTM After rebounding strongly during the COVID-19 pandemic, Netflix stock is losing some steam as subscriber growth slows and competition in the streaming market heats up. In April, the Los Gatos, California-based company reported that the number of net new members during Q1 was 2 million short of its own forecast. As of Friday's $530.31 close, Netflix's shares are down 2% this year, compared with the tech-heavy NASDAQ’s 12% expansion over the same period. This coming week’s earnings report will be crucial if the stock is to break this sluggish cycle and move higher. Netflix has to show it’s well-positioned to outperform its rivals even when the pandemic-triggered surge in user growth is cooling fast. 2. Johnson & Johnson Global healthcare giant Johnson & Johnson (NYSE:JNJ) will be reporting Q2 earnings before the market opens on Wednesday, July 21. According to analysts’ consensus forecast, the company is forecast to report $2.29 EPS on sales of $22.5 billion for the period. JNJ Weekly TTM Besides the quarterly numbers, investors will be eager to know more about the rollout of its COVID-19 vaccine and its efficacy in protecting against the fast spreading Delta variant. J&J’s shot has struggled to get broad traction amid production problems and after a brief pause in use as regulators investigated reports that some people suffered dangerous blood clots after receiving it. The pause was lifted after 10 days on Apr. 23. Despite the vaccine setback, J&J’s underlying business remains strong as the U.S. economy reopens and hospitals gradually increase elective surgeries after the COVID-19 disruption, which hurt the company’s device business in 2020. Shares of J&J are up 7% this year. They closed on Friday at $168.10. 3. IBM International Business Machines (NYSE:IBM) will report its latest quarterly numbers on Monday, July 19, after the market close. Analyst consensus on IBM is for EPS of $2.32 on revenue of $18.29 billion for the quarter ended June 30. IBM Weekly TTM Big Blue, which is in the middle of a major turnaround, is showing some signs that it is succeeding at bringing additional sales from its cloud business. IBM posted its first revenue gain in 11 quarters in April, driven by demand for cloud services. IBM also reported revenue from Red Hat—which it bought in 2019 for $34 billion—had increased 17% in the first quarter. Arvind Krishna, who took over as CEO from Ginni Rometty last April, is focusing on artificial intelligence and the cloud to revive growth. Krishna has reorganized the company’s business around a hybrid-cloud strategy, which allows customers to store data in private servers and on multiple public clouds. Shares of IBM, which closed Friday at $138.90, have gained 10% this year. By Investing.com (Haris Anwar/Investing.com) 18th July 2021.
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  28. Earnings season can be a great time for a trader to get insight on their equity investments, as well as benefit from short-term volatility. But in order to maximize this trading opportunity, there are some key considerations to make before diving in. Read on for our three steps to follow when using earnings reports for trading. 3 STEPS FOR USING EARNINGS REPORTS IN YOUR TRADING Preparing for earnings season involves choosing the companies to focus on and undertaking thorough research on the market before executing the trade. 1) Choose Companies to Focus On The first step is to select the stocks to trade during the period. It is advisable for traders to go for a small number of companies, perhaps stocks with which they are familiar or trade already and find out the dates on which their earnings will be released. Large bellwether stocks are worth investigating, whether one is trading them or not, as their results can impact wider industries. When deciding on the stocks to go for, traders should understand that the relationship between an earnings result and subsequent price reaction is not always straightforward. Although better-than-expected earnings are generally bullish, they do not always translate to immediate price gains and the opposite holds true as well. An example of this can be seen below, with Walmart’s strong earnings in Q3 2018 failing to excite market participants. While encouraging, a quarterly report is more than last quarter’s results compared to expectations. Indeed, analysts are often much more concerned with the future expectations of the firm as price is a forward-looking metric, with future earnings being calculated in current prices. With that in mind, it becomes more reasonable when investors shy away from a stock with strong results for the past quarter, but an abysmal outlook for the future. A weaker outlook can seriously undercut a stock’s current valuation, regardless of past performance, a fact that is realized all too often during earnings season. Read our guide on How to Pick Stocks to choose the right companies for your stocks portfolio. 2) Do Your Research Doing your stock research properly will involve looking at estimated earnings for your chosen stock and how they compare with analysts’ expectations. Also, traders should make sure they look at historical figures to get a feel for how the market has responded to releases in the past. While earnings season is typically thought of in terms what the results mean for a single stock, the season as a whole can also offer important takeaways. Information is offered on a company-specific basis, but common themes can ring true throughout. Headwinds like coronavirus, geopolitical tension, regulatory uncertainty or cyclicality can combine to form a wave of worries across a sector if cited often enough. Traders should investigate how such headwinds impact one sector or stock compared to others. For example, while a great many industries suffered during the coronavirus outbreak, March 2020 saw Greece-based tanker vessel operator Top Ships Inc (TOPS) experience a surge in product demand in areas such as cleaning supplies and paper products leading to increased shipping requirements. This in turn created higher trading volume and volatility. The effect of headwinds has also been witnessed, for example, with Brexit as companies delay capital expenditures until a post-Brexit order is established and the business environment is stable. Similarly, frequent mentions of trade-related headwinds have worked to undermine a variety of sectors from semiconductors to consumer staples in the US amid the US-China trade war, evidenced in the chart above by the surging mentions of ‘tariff’ in earnings reports for companies in the S&P 500. While these issues may not doom a stock to negative returns singlehandedly (as the TOPS example demonstrates), their appearance across an entire market can hint at their pervasiveness and the broader downward pressure they can exert on outlooks and valuations. Consequently, traders should monitor common complaints among corporations as it may help inform their broader macroeconomic strategy as anecdotal evidence builds to form a tangible threat to the broader index. 3) Formulate a Trading Strategy – and Follow It Formulating a trading strategy for earnings season should include methodology for entry and exits, profit goals, time spent trading and a risk management plan. Trading earnings reports is difficult and risky. For some, trading around the event may not suit their risk profile. As such, any position taken should be adequately hedged and include a stop. That said, volatility can create unique circumstances, ripe with opportunity for a few specific strategies. When formulating a strategy for earnings season, traders should be aware that quarterly earnings are capable of seriously uprooting an ongoing price trend due to their relative infrequency and importance. This causes traders to position for severe price swings – evidenced by heightened implied volatility. Since it is exceedingly difficult for the average investor to correctly forecast how the company will perform – never mind the eventual impact on its share price - the risk-reward of entering a position immediately prior to a report can be skewed. If an investment vehicle of choice is impacted by implied volatility, the effect on the position can be particularly acute because implied volatility remains high until the results are released but typically collapses quickly afterward resulting in what is known as ‘IV Crush’. IV Crush is, as the name would suggest, when the implied volatility of a stock drops significantly, usually because the uncertainty has passed. The abrupt reversal in implied volatility is often accompanied by realized volatility, but not always. The discrepancy between implied and realized volatility allows for some unique trading strategies like straddles and strangles which seek to capitalize on absolute volatility of option contracts or short straddles and strangles which aim to capitalize on IV crush. Straddles Straddles involve buying both the call (buy) and the put (sell) option simultaneously with the same strike price (the fixed price at which the holder of an option can buy or sell), and the same expiration date. When applied to earnings, traders might straddle before the release and can profit from either a rise or fall in the stock’s price, as long as the stock’s price deviates from the strike price by an amount more than the total cost of the premium. This could potentially make a straddle a viable choice if traders think absolute volatility will be high but aren’t sure of the direction the move will take. The chart below shows Apple’s August 2019 earnings release prompt more trading and higher absolute volatility, as shown by the Volume and Average True Range indicators respectively, representing an example of a potentially favorable outcome for a straddle. A short straddle involves selling both the call and put options with the same strike price and expiration date. This move is often suited to ‘IV crush’ instances when the trader believes the price will not move too much over the course of the options contract. Strangles Strangles are similar to straddles, and can likewise have a long and short route. But while straddles have the same strike price for the call and put options, strangles have different strike prices. Strangles may potentially be a viable choice if the trader believes a stock has more chance of moving in one direction than the other following an earnings report, but still seeks protection if the position takes a contrary swing. TRADING EARNINGS SEASON: KEY TAKEAWAYS When trading earning season, there may well be a period of uncertainty and extreme volatility ahead. This makes picking the right stock, thorough background research and intelligent risk management key to navigating the period as planned – as well as implementing the right trading strategy. With these things in place, traders can maximize their chance of success and hopefully carry some key knowledge over to the next earning season. MORE ON EQUITIES AND STOCK TRADING Hungry for more information about equities? Make sure you check out our stock market section for comprehensive guidance on how to navigate this asset class, including: Beginner’s Guide to Stock Trading Types of Stocks How to Invest in Dividend Stocks DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. DISCLOSURES Peter Hanks & Ben Lobel 19 July 2021
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  29. Traders with a strong understanding of technical indicators are usually better equipped to navigate the financial markets than those that lack this knowledge. While personal investing goals, risk appetite and trading style will help to determine a strategy and trading plan, knowing what technical indicators to use in your approach can help to determine possible entry and exit points. Hundreds of technical indicators exist, and clear signals can be identified using effective indicators as part of a strategy. This article will cover six of the most popular technical indicators for stock trading. BEST TECHNICAL INDICATORS FOR STOCK TRADING For traders looking for the most effective technical indicators, it is important to consider the objectives of the trading strategy as well as the current market condition. For individuals trading individual stocks, it is often beneficial to apply indicators to the stock index in which that share belongs to get a holistic view of the larger market as a whole. Below are six of the most popular technical indicators to use when analyzing stocks: INDICATOR NAME TYPE OF INDICATOR CHARACTERISTICS Client Sentiment Contrarian Indicator Shows client positioning of the market Indicates when markets are nearing extremes Leading indicator Useful in trending markets Relative Strength Index (RSI) Momentum Oscillator Plotted between 0 – 100 Indicates when the market is overbought or oversold Leading indicator Useful in trending markets Stochastic Momentum Oscillator Plotted between 0 – 100 Consists of two lines, %K and %D line Indicates when the market is overbought or oversold Leading indicator Useful in rangebound markets Simple Moving Average (SMA) Trend following indicator The SMA represents the average price of a security over a specified period of time Equal weighting is given to all points in the data set Used to confirm the direction of the current trend Lagging indicator Useful in trending markets Exponential Moving Average (EMA) Trend following indicator The EMA represents the average price of a security over a specified period of time with a greater emphasis on recent prices Higher weighting is given to recent points in the data set Lagging indicator Useful in trending markets Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) Momentum oscillator The MACD measures both momentum and the trend Overbought and oversold signals occur above and below the zero-line Lagging indicator Useful in trending markets CLIENT SENTIMENT Client sentiment data is derived from a brokerage’s execution desk data, measuring live retail client trades to determine possible directional biases in the market. When sentiment is approaching extreme levels, stock traders may begin to see a reversal as more likely which is why it is seen as both a contrarian indicator as well as potentially having a leading component. Below is an example of the IG Client Sentiment Index, IG’s sentiment gauge derived from execution desk data, for the Dow Jones index (Ticker: Wall Street). Based on the data below, 64% of traders have short positions which means that majority of traders expect the price of Wall Street to drop. However, sentiment is seen to be bullish, meaning that based on this data the price of Wall Street may be expected to increase. Although it is not advisable to trade-off sentiment (or any individual indicator) alone, an individual who is trading a constituent of the DJIA could use this data as an informative tool before applying additional indicators. DailyFX provides client sentiment data which isderived from live IG retail client trades for forex, commodities, cryptocurrencies and major stock indices. Stock sentiment analysis is also available for individual shares on the IG platform where applicable or available. RELATIVE STRENGTH INDEX (RSI) The relative strength index (RSI) is a momentum oscillator that measures the magnitude of price movements to determine whether a market is overbought or oversold. A market is seen to be oversold when the RSI is below 30 and is overbought when the RSI is above 70. These are key levels could indicate a potential reversal, classifying the RSI as a leading indicator. The chart below shows the RSI being applied to the daily chart for Uber Technologies (Ticker: UBER). The RSI trades between 30 and 70 for some time before falling below the 30 level. Below the 30 level, the first signal is a false signal because although it looks like the trend is going to reverse to the upside, the price continues to fall. However, the second signal is present when the RSI is below 30 and turns towards the upside. However, the RSI only confirms the reversal by crossing above the 30 line the next day. STOCHASTIC The stochastic oscillator is another momentum indicator which is used to determine overbought and oversold conditions when trading stocks. Unlike the RSI which measures the speed of price movements, the stochastic measures current price in relation to its price range over a period of time. The %K line (the black line) is calculated by using the latest closing price relative to the lowest low and highest high over a specified period of time and the %D line represents the simple moving average of the %K (three period Simple Moving Average is the most common).With stochastics, a bullish crossover occurs when the %K line (the black line) crosses over and above the %D line (the red dotted line). Likewise, a bearish signal occurs when the %K line crosses under and below the %D line. The strongest signals will often occur when there is a bullish cross-coupled with a move above 20 from below and a bearish signal coupled with a move below 80. In the image below, the stochastic indicator is applied to the S&P 500 price chart (Ticker: US 500). As indicated on the chart, a bearish crossover occurs from above the 80 line, indicating that the trend may reverse to the downside. The reversal is then confirmed once the lines cross 80. Likewise, the bullish crossover occurs below 20 and the reversal is confirmed once the 20 line is crossed. SIMPLEMOVING AVERAGE (SMA) A simple moving average (SMA) is a lagging indicator which represents the average price of a security over a specified period of time. In a trending market, the moving average modulates short-term price fluctuations and allows stock traders to identify the trend in a simplistic way. As depicted in the chart below, in a rangebound market, it is also possible to use a moving average to identify support and resistance levels. By applying the 50 day MA to the Boeing price chart, it is clear that the 50-day SMA can also be seen as potential support even as Boeing is trading in a ranging environment. EXPONENTIAL MOVING AVERAGE (EMA) As with the SMA discussed above, the exponential moving average (EMA) is a lagging indicator which represents the average price of a security over a specified period of time. However, unlike the SMA which gives equal weighting to all data points in the series, the EMA gives more weight to recent prices, removing some of the lag found with a traditional SMA. This makes the EMA an optimal candidate for trend trading as it allows traders to get a holistic view of the market without missing out on opportunities with may be due to the lag of a simple moving average. MACD The MACD (moving average convergence/divergence) is a technical indicator that can be used to measure both momentum and the strength of the trend. The MACD displays a MACD line (blue), signal line (red) and a histogram (green) which shows the difference between the MACD line and the signal line. The MACD line is the difference between two exponential moving averages (the 12 and 26 period moving averages using common default settings), whilst the signal line is generally a 9-period exponentially average of the MACD line. These lines waver in and around the zero line, giving the MACD the characteristics of an oscillator with overbought and oversold signals occurring above and below the zero-line respectively. With reference to the chart below, featuring Apple, Inc. (Ticker: AAPL): A bullish signal is present when the MACD line crosses ABOVE the signal line from BELOW the zero line. A bearish signal is present when the MACD line crosses BELOW the signal line from ABOVE the zero line. TECHNICAL INDICATORS FAQ’S What is the difference between a leading and a lagging indicator? Although leading and lagging indicators are both derived from historic price data, a leading indicator is used to indicate expected price movements in the market while lagging indicators are used to provide entry and exit signals once the trend has been identified. Although similarities and differences exist between the two, both are equally important and it is often beneficial for traders to use both leading and lagging indicators simultaneously. FURTHER READING ON STOCK TRADING Learn how to apply stock market sentiment analysis Explore the differences between stock trading and investing Bookmark our guide to stock market trading hours DailyFX provides forex news and technical analysis on the trends that influence the global currency markets. DISCLOSURES Tammy Da Costa , Markets Writer 16 July 2021
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  30. Please see the expected dividend adjustment figures for a number of our major indices for the week commencing 12th July 2021. If you have any queries or questions on this please let us know in the comments section below. For further information regarding dividend adjustments, and how they affect your positions, please take a look at the video. NB: All dividend adjustments are forecasts and therefore speculative. A dividend adjustment is a cash neutral adjustment on your account. Special Dividends Index Bloomberg Code Effective Date Summary Dividend Amount AS51 BIN AU 16/07/2021 Special Div 0.117 MIB MS IM 19/07/2021 Special Div 0.3 (Estimated) RTY BCC US 14/07/2021 Special Div 2 RTY INSW US 14/07/2021 Special Div 1.12 RTY HPK US 14/07/2021 Special Div 0.075 RTY XBIT US 15/07/2021 Special Div 2.5 (Estimated) SPX EOG US 15/07/2021 Special Div 1 How do dividend adjustments work? This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  31. Please see the expected dividend adjustment figures for a number of our major indices for the week commencing 28th June 2021. If you have any queries or questions on this please let us know in the comments section below. For further information regarding dividend adjustments, and how they affect your positions, please take a look at the video. NB: All dividend adjustments are forecasts and therefore speculative. A dividend adjustment is a cash neutral adjustment on your account. Special Dividends Index Bloomberg Code Effective Date Summary Dividend Amount TPX 6592 JP 29/06/2021 Special Div 38 TPX 6502 JP 29/06/2021 Special Div 110 XIN9I 601601 CH 30/06/2021 Special Div 10 OMX TEL2B SS 29/06/2021 Special Div 3 OMX VOLVB SS 30/06/2021 Special Div 9.5 RTY ACRE US 29/06/2021 Special Div 2 How do dividend adjustments work? This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  32. Expected index adjustments Please see the expected dividend adjustment figures for a number of our major indices for the week commencing 22nd March 2021. If you have any queries or questions on this please let us know in the comments section below. For further information regarding dividend adjustments, and how they affect your positions, please take a look at the video. NB: All dividend adjustments are forecasts and therefore speculative. A dividend adjustment is a cash neutral adjustment on your account. Special Dividends Index Bloomberg Code Effective Date Summary Dividend Amount UKX FERG LN 25/03/2021 Special Div 1.8 How do dividend adjustments work? This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  33. Hi all Over the last 24 hours or so you may have seen some official communication similar to the below. To run parallel to that we thought we would run a Q&A today to answer a few of your questions. Whilst you can of course ask anything you like below, the standard community guidelines apply; for example I can't discuss personal trade information or account details on a public forum. [UPDATE: whilst the live Q&A is over, we will periodically review any new questions and reply accordingly. You can ask any other questions you want as normal on the regular forum here] Last week shortly after the US open some clients may have experienced issues accessing the IG trading platform. These incidents were brought about by a sudden and significant increase in activity, largely from new clients. For those who were impacted I’d like to apologise that you haven't received the seamless digital trading experience you have come to expect from us. This, along with a professional, consistent, and market leading level of client service will always be our top priority. Whilst we reacted quickly to address this spike of interest by increasing trading services staff, limiting and ultimately stopping new applications, increasing technical capacity, and prioritising efforts to manage and support our existing client base, we understand that more needs to be done. Over the weekend we have worked especially hard to further increase capacity to better address the spike in trade volumes and frequency. We will be closely monitoring the impact of the changes we have made over the last few days and making any additional changes where necessary. As part of our goal to increase the stability of the trading platform and improve our service levels we have set a couple of equities, GME and AMC, to ‘closing only’. This means that clients with existing positions can buy or sell to close, however new positions cannot be opened. This decision addresses the significant interest these equities have received which have resulted in lower service levels for all other clients on our platform. As a trading services provider our priority is to offer an efficient, stable, and seamless digital trading experience on over 17,000 markets to our established client base. Whilst the recent events in the underlying market may have added new challenges and considerations, we shall continue to prioritise these things above all else. Thanks very much. James
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  34. Market Conditions in Data Overload Markets often struggle for traction when there is a lack of a clear motivator such as meaningful event risk or an evolving systemically important theme. On the other hand, there are times when a surfeit of important events, indicators and headlines overwhelm the clear speculative picture, leaving us with an abundance of volatility without the benefit of a reliable course. We have dallied with this latter scenario these past weeks, but the constant redirection of our attention will be in special form in the week ahead. There is a near constant run of high-importance events scheduled for release moving through the next five days of active trade. What’s more, many of these various measures will tap into the top level themes that have stood as the undercurrent for economic and financial conditions for months, if not years. For trade wars, much of the critical development rests in the hands of a few officials who are weighing policy decisions that could significantly alter the course of the global economy. Washington and Beijing continue to negotiate after verbally agreeing to a ‘phase one’ deal back on October 11th but the details and sign off are still vague. The EU meanwhile is weighing whether to retaliate against the United States for the Trump Administration using the WTO ruling of a $7.5 billion ‘allowance’ for tariffs to recoup losses owing to unfair Airbus subsidies with a 25 percent tax on imported European agricultural goods. Meanwhile, data like the US trade balance and Chinese industrial profits figures on Monday will build upon trade-dependent earnings from the likes of AMD, United Steel and Alibaba. More tracked out for the timing of its updates is the wave of monetary policy updates we are due over a particular 48 hours period. There are a number of supportive updates such as the October US NFPs due Friday, but five central bank decisions between Wednesday and Thursday will make for a far more incisive view of our financial system. In chronological order, we are due the Bank of Canada; Federal Reserve; Brazilian Central Bank; Bank of Japan and Hong Kong Central Bank. Stacking these events so closely together will cater to the relative comparison of the currencies and their assets, but it may also stir further collective discussion of the distortion and costs associated to the extreme easing. The fundamental theme that will pack the most obvious punch in my view is the run of official (government-derived) GDP updates on tap. The United States is the world’s largest economy, so its Wednesday release will draw particular scrutiny. The Eurozone, French and Italian figures will be similarly important - particularly given the chatter about recession risks and the added pressure of external pressures like Brexit and the US tariffs. Two additional updates that are worthy of reflection for the big picture is the health reports for Mexico and Hong Kong. These are two large economies that stand on the cusp of the developed/emerging market designation with particular exposure to trade wars. This data can potential thaw fears of recession that have hardened over the past year behind data and increasingly complicated diplomatic situations, but the potential definitely skews the opposite direction. If this run of data reinforces the reality of economic struggle, it will serve as another cut to a speculative reach that seems divorced from fundamentals that are traditionally assumed to reflect value. In general, all of the thematic risk represents a greater role of risk rather than relief. Redressing the Limitations and Costs of Extreme Monetary Policy as Fed Arrives With the world’s largest central bank and its most dovish both on tap for this week, it is important to consider what is driving these groups to loosen navigate into uncharted dovish waters rather than just go along for the ride by trading relative yield advantages in FX or capitalizing on a familiar speculative equation that suggests more external support buys more lift from favorite capital market benchmarks. There is little denying the years of connection between the amount of accommodation (low interest rates, negative interest rates and quantitative easing programs) and the enthusiasm from the investing masses. This is a relationship forged originally in ‘monetary policy in capital markets’ textbooks, but the connections have grown more than skewed in the latter years of this extended cycle of easing. First and foremost, the overriding intent of monetary policy to foster economic health have been proven to be lacking. It could be argued that the dovish shift after the 2008 Great Financial Crisis / Great Recession stemmed the bleeding. Yet, the exceptional support has only grown over the years and we find ourselves on the cusp of another economic stall. This is a feature of the landscape for most of the major groups, but it is perhaps a lesson that should have been learned earlier through the Bank of Japan’s own experiences. The central bank has failed to return inflation to its target for any period of consistency for decades – not just years. So, though it is not considered one of the most prescient groups for a global overview, there is much to learn here. Though an inability to reach their principal economic objectives is a significant problem in itself, it may not be the straw that ultimately breaks the camel’s back. That is more likely to be the consequences to come out of the financial market influences from these extraordinary measures. Though it may not be their intent, the central banks’ easing has inflated capital markets substantially. The pressure is not even, but we have seen risky assets hit record highs at various points with different levels of excessive price to value. Few places is the extravagance more evident than with the US equity indices. At record highs, we should consider that the equity market is pricing in perfection for growth, earnings and returns. It is not very controversial to say that is not the case now. Far from it. Stimulus and low rates has not improved circumstances that remarkably rather the lack of significant return and a tepid economic environment has left investors starved for opportunities that can provide substantial growth at a reasonable risk. And so, they accept greater and greater risk to make ‘ends meat’. Propping capital markets higher may seem a net benefit in the absence of genuine growth, but there are serious risks associated to this state. Expectations for more support will grow exponentially with time. Capital distribution outside of the healthy business cycle will encourage funds to underperforming or zombie businesses that will further weaken economies. And, the growing disparity will inevitably lead to a point at which recognition of risks will force an acceleration of deleveraging which will manifest as a financial crisis that more readily turns into an economic crisis. This troubled state is growing increasingly apparent to investors and business owners, but now the concern seems to be permeating the central banks themselves. Outgoing ECB President Draghi admitted concern late in his tenure, though not as loudly and directly as some of the more hawkish members of his board who will remain with Lagarde at the helm. Some of the Fed officials have stated concern along these lines as well, but the group is not yet as overextended as most of its counterparts. In previous years, the US group’s tightening was viewed as a sign of optimism around the potential of self-generated growth. That perspective may hold as the circumstances change. If the Fed seems forced to loosen the reigns to match the ECB or BOJ, it may not be interpreted as a uniform source of speculative liquidity but rather admission that all economic traction has been lost. It is not wise to cheer negative rates and QE. A Brexit Solution Seemed So Close Less than two weeks ago, a breakthrough between the UK and EU teams in their negotiations for a quickly approaching Brexit cutoff date seemed to have changed the dynamic of an impending crisis. With Prime Minister Boris Johnson repeatedly stating the Article 50 extension date of October 31st would be held to ‘one way or the other’, there has been an understandable intensity by all those involved to find a compromise to avoid an economically-painful ‘no deal’ outcome. As such, the concessions found between the UK government and European representatives to form a Withdrawal Agreement Bill seemed the most important hurdle to overcome and sentiment understandably swelled after the developments. Yet, that optimism has significantly deflated this past week. First, it was the previous weekend’s extraordinary Saturday Parliamentary session which delayed the Government’s implementation of the deal which started the decline in ambitious optimism. Tuesday’s ‘second reading’ further delivered PM Johnson a blow when he was outright rejected on pushing forward to meet the short time frame. What was more remarkable to me than the familiar trouble to find an agreement exit from such disconnected parties was the Sterling’s ability to hold onto the gains of the previous weeks – prompting GBPUSD to an incredible 6.5 percent rally in in just a few weeks. Trading not far from multi-decade lows, it may not seem that difficult for the Cable to hold some of its recent buoyancy even if progress seems to have dangerously stalled. Yet, the real fair value question is to be found in the array of possible outcomes and their market influence. A divorce with no terms is still a serious probability and its economic and financial impact is not likely priced in even after the slide of the past three years. An extension is nevertheless a greater probability than a cliff on Thursday evening. That said, we are inviting more complication and additional cutoff dates while maintaining the same mix of impasses. Prime Minister Johnson, frustrated by the lack of progress, called for a snap election for December 12th this past week. That request will be considered in Parliament Monday. Presently, polls suggest conservatives could gain support but it is not clear if he will be granted his wish. Further a complication is the EU’s allowance for an extension. The PM sent a request for an extension to January 31st according to the Benn Act back on October 19th , and to this point no reply has been given. France is reportedly skeptical of giving the disgruntled country so much additional time without clarity on what they will actually do with it. Uncertainty is having tangible economic impact, and the discount is increasingly permanent even if the next steps are still fluid. So, this week, we will have to find out what Parliament will agree to concerning the election on Monday and the EU will have to grant an extension before the deadline on Thursday night. Mind your UK/Sterling exposure.
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  35. We're happy to announce that both Bollinger %B and Bollinger Bandwidth are now available to use on the web platform and mobile app. Bollinger %B Bollinger %B indicator helps you work out where price is in relation to the upper and lower Bollinger Bands. This shows a reading of 1 if the price is trading at the upper band, or 0 if it's at the lower band. Bollinger %B allows you to take readings of divergences that often precede market reversals: A bearish divergence occurs when there are lower highs in %B during an uptrend in price (higher highs) A bullish divergence occurs when there are higher lows in %B during a downtrend in price (lower lows) Bollinger Bandwidth The Bollinger Bandwidth gives a reading on the distance between the upper and lower Bollinger Bands: A low reading could be a sign that volatility is about to rise. Low volatility is often seen as a precursor to a spike in price. You can use the tool in a highly trending market. A fall in volatility is often seen when markets are consolidating, or momentum is building for the next move. A reversal in the direction of the bandwidth can be a sign of a market reversal, as it could mean a recent surge or slump in price is losing momentum
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  36. Other central bankers throw their weight around: After the US Fed exited the ring yesterday, some of the world’s other heavyweight central-bankers weighed-in on the global race-to-the-bottom for global interest rates. The BOJ met yesterday, and though they kept their policy entirely untouched, it Governor Haruhiko Kuroda affirmed his commitment to monetary stimulus if necessary. RBA Governor Philip Lowe also delivered a speech, in which he was explicit in his belief that lower interest rates were necessary to absorb “spare capacity” in the labour market”. And the Bank of England met last night, left interest rates on hold, but downgraded its forward-outlook, prompting increased bets of a rate-cut from the BOE this year. Notable price action: Risk assets rallied, while sovereign bond yields fell, the USD tumbled, and gold spiked as a result of the dynamic. The S&P500 touched all-time highs, and the ASX200 registered its own 11-year highs, as the prospect of easy-money the world-over whet investors risk-appetite – though SPI futures this morning a suggesting that enthusiasm will cool on the ASX, with ASX200 looking at a flat open. It wasn’t all smooth sailing it must be said. Nerves were rattled on news that Iran had shot down a US drone over the Straight Hormuz, causing a spike in oil prices on fears of conflict in the region. Rio saps some of the positivity from the market: The materials sector failed to capitalize fully on yesterday’s Fed induced bullishness. The responsibility for this laid at the feet of Rio Tinto, after the heavily-weighted mining-giant announced a paring-back of its iron ore output forecasts, owing to “mine operational challenges” being experienced by the company at a key mine in the Pilbara region. The news sent Rio shares down by over 4 per cent at stages yesterday; and, perhaps ironically, gave a little lift to iron ore prices, which had been showing signs of potential weakness, following the announcement by miner Vale that it would be re-opening one of its largest Brazilian mines. Australian rates keep falling: The increasing prospect of looser global monetary conditions, as well the dovish commentary from our own central bank Governor, worked its way into Australian rates markets yesterday. Bets for rate cuts from the RBA lifted modestly, with the implied probability of rate cuts for next month jumping to around 70 per cent, with 2-full cuts from the RBA before year-end priced in their entirety, right now. This sparked significant moves at the front end of the AGB yield curve: the rate-sensitive three-year note fell by another 4 basis points, to clock a fresh all-time low of 0.91 per cent. AUD pops courtesy of weaker USD: Despite this, the AUD tested life above the 0.6900-handle yesterday, as an even hastier fall in US Treasury yields enervated the US Dollar. An ominous milestone: the yield on the benchmark US 10 Year note fell below 2 per cent for the first time in more than two-and-a-half years, while the yield on the US 2 Year note dipped to around 1.73 percent. The fall in US yields at the front end of the curve narrowed the spread between US Treasuries and it Australian equivalent to around 78-basis points (briefly), and has underpinned the little rally witnessed in the Aussie Dollar in the last 24 hours. Gold hits new highs: Arguably, the greatest beneficiary of this week’s concertedly dovish stance from global central bankers has been gold. The price of the yellow-metal hit a 5-and-a-half year high yesterday, as the USD tipped-over, and global interest rates fell. Importantly, too, from a technical basis, the gold price punctured resistance around $US1360, and came close to hitting the key psychological level of $US1400.00. Though the broader narrative is supportive for gold, the price action is looking somewhat exuberant now: the daily RSI is giving an overbought signal, and the price is divorcing itself from fixed-income markets slightly, suggesting that speculative flow has seized control of the price. The latest readings on global growth: Attention will turn back to the global growth outlook today, ahead of tonight’s release of European Manufacturing PMI data. Markets are expecting another contractionary print in the key German and Europe-wide readings of the data, as the US-China trade-war, along with the continents ongoing structural issues, weigh on Europe’s economic activity. The Euro will be in focus around tonight’s data: markets are warming towards the prospect of rate-cuts from the ECB. A deteriorating outlook for the German and European economies could increase these bets, and sap the shared currency; while a better than expected print would likely fuel its recent pop higher. Written by Kyle Rodda - IG Australia
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  37. Why your feedback matters Here at IG we want to make sure your suggestions help shape our direction and future. We appreciate that the best businesses are built around two-way communication with clients. That's why we provide a number of different ways for clients to quickly and easily talk to us. There is nothing worse than submitting feedback and feeling like your comments and suggestions have been jettisoned into the void of some unread inbox. We want to take this opportunity to lay out how you can easily submit feedback, a few things we do on a daily basis with those communications, and finally a few recent instances of how we're reacted to things our clients have told us. How to submit feedback to IG Dealing Platform: If you're logged into the platform you'll notice a 'quick feedback' option in the top right hand corner under 'Help'. When you submit your comments our systems will automatically book that against your account and file it in a report which we periodically collate and send to the relevant parties. Community: One of the easiest ways to submit feedback is via the IG Community. If you head over to the forums page you'll notice a 'Suggestions' section where you can have a search to see if your idea has been submitted before. If it hasn't you can simply start a new topic, pop in your request, and post it publically on Community. The best thing about this being public is that if other clients are also looking for the same thing, they can up vote your suggestion or add a comment. The more clients that want something, the higher the likelihood of it happening. Reports will be collated and passed to the relevant teams. Direct Message: While the methods described above are generally easier, you may sometimes want to send us a direct message. You can check out our Contact Us page to send a message via a browser contact form. A few things we do with your feedback Daily feedback reports: When a feedback item comes into our client facing trading services team we first see if any immediate action is required (e.g. if there is an easy resolution or different way to get the same desired result). We then tag the contact with a 'feedback' tag. All items tagged in this way are collated daily and sent to the appropriate business owners. Staff with various specialisms, from those who deal with user experience to our charting developers and data scientists, receive these reports. Steering committees: Client feedback is also fed directly back to the appropriate areas within the business via meetings set up to decide the rollout roadmap for specific products. We also regularly meet with third party vendors such as Pro Real Time or Signal providers to discuss feedback points and figure out how to resolve any client pain points. Client communication meetings: Every couple of weeks our communication teams meet with client-facing managers. Both trading services and our dealing desk give an update regarding inbound contacts and the wider market movements, and any client feedback (direct or implied) is discussed. Examples of recent changes due to client feedback All-sessions chart data: A pain point for clients was the bad spikes on all session pre-market data for big stocks like Apple, Amazon etc. A working group including representatives from the shares desk, our trading services technical support team, and pricing, implemented some solutions to filter the bad data, and correct historical data. Almost all chart updates on the new platform: The charts roadmap is strongly influenced by client feedback. Things like customisable colours, new drawings, extra Fibonacci levels, and features like the dark theme, have all been implemented thanks to feedback from our clients. PRT Wizards: We get a lot of clients telling us that using Pro Real Time for the first time can be quite difficult because of the flexibility, complexity, and customisation options of the charts. Pro Real Time has now implemented walkthrough wizards to guide clients through using PRT for the first time (and for specific features like customising deal templates). Keep an eye out for product updates Not every suggestion we receive can be implemented as we need to balance the business roadmap with client feedback and requests, but every feedback item will be documented and reviewed by the appropriate team. We also have a brand new 'Products Update' blog on Community where we will be updating all clients on recent rollouts and additions to the IG platform. Some of these changes will be implemented as a direct result of your feedback, so please make sure you keep your comments coming using the above methods. All the best IG Community Moderator Team
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  38. Earnings optimism tempers the markets’ mood: Financial market participants curbed their enthusiasm yesterday. Friday’s brief excitement on Wall Street relating to a handful of earnings beats from some of the US’s big banks failed to translate into meaningful momentum to begin the new trading week. Such a dynamic was also evident throughout the Asian session. The ASX200 closed flat for the day, and Chinese stocks rallied and retraced all in the space of a few hours. The Nikkei was higher for the day; however, that was largely due to a markedly weaker Japanese Yen, with that currency unable to reclaim its losses after Friday’s risk-on move. Sluggish trade on Wall Street: The activity on Wall Street overnight was very much of the “let’s-now-wait-and-see” variety. The behaviour is sensible and based on a sound enough logic. Earnings seasons are a long-slog, with the possible arduousness of this reporting period even greater given the prevailing global economic backdrop. The return of thinner trade conditions, which of course were attributable in part to a level of Monday-itis, betrayed this cautiousness during the North American session. Volumes were below average, and market-breadth was meagre: 38.8 per cent of stocks were higher across Wall Street, with only 4 out of 11 sectors registering gains for the session. The next bullish impulse being sort out: If traders are unwilling to carry-through with their bullish bias, it bears questioning what presently stands in their way. The obvious answer is a general uncertainty as to whether US stocks will outperform their lowly Q1 earnings estimates; and whether an improvement in forward guidance is delivered by US corporates. But where might the substance of this answer be discovered? If last night’s trade is any indicator, it won’t be US bank stocks. After JP Morgan’s surprise beat on Friday night, the numbers released by the likes of Citi and Goldman Sachs, though solid, didn’t engender quite the same excitement. Markets wait for bellwether earnings: Instead, the meatier part of earnings season will come when market participants receive updates from the major tech-giants and big industrial companies. The rationale for this view is simple enough: the two key sticking points for the market at-the-moment pertains broadly to risk appetite and macroeconomic growth. As last year’s record run and violent correction will attest to, the US tech sector is the bellwether for what desire there is to punt big on growth-stocks. While the powerhouse American industrial companies will provide the ultimate read on what impact the slow-down in China and Europe is having on corporate profits. ASX likely to keep doing its own thing: The problem is market participants must wait a few days-to-weeks to receive clarity on these matters. For now, traders turn to the Asian session, and that of the ASX in particular, with few chunky leads to determine this region’s early fortunes. SPI Futures for one are pointing to a negative start for Australian equities, with that contract predicting a 16-point drop at the open. It backs up another day where the ASX traded seemingly according to its own will: a lift North American banks perhaps support our own somewhat, however the ASX200 experienced a meandering day, trading in a narrow 20-point range. RBA Minutes the key risk event today: Event risk during Asian trade today is relatively light from a global perspective. But for those with an interest in the Australian-macro landscape, RBA Minutes will be one to watch. Since the RBA’s monetary-policy-decision a fortnight ago, traders have moved gradually to temper their bets on the extent of rate cuts from the central bank in the year ahead. By way of virtue of diminishing fears about the state of health of the global economy, traders have reduced the number of implied interest rate cuts by the RBA from about 1-and-a-half to just over 1 before the end of 2019. Australian Dollar feeling the love: The restored confidence in the global macro-economic outlook has manifested in the Australian Dollar. Though its begun the week listless, the AUD has held onto its short-term trend, to be currently trading just below a few significant resistance level at the prices 200-day moving-average. Despite the yield story apparently unsupportive of the move in the currency, the climb in iron ore prices combined with speculation of further improvements in the global economic outlook is apparently underpinning Aussie Dollar strength. A break over the currency’s 200 day moving-average may well indicate a further run higher for it is afoot. Written by Kyle Rodda IG Australia
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  39. Asian stocks fell as China's export data indicated a shock contraction, declining by 7.6% since July 2016. This points to deepening cracks in the world's second largest economy and increased fears of a significant slowdown in global growth and businesses. The CSI 300 was down 0.8%, falling from a 3 week high reached on Friday. The Hang Seng slipped 1.4% as both the financial and technology sectors took a hit. US equities ended Friday with marginal losses, however the S&P 500 maintained a weekly gain of 2.5%. The US Dollar Index was 0.1% lower after reaching a 3 month low last week, whilst the safe-haven Yen was 0.4% stronger at 108.09 to the dollar. The Australian dollar, sometimes viewed as a proxy for China's economic outlook, was down 0.4%. Oil prices also took a hit following disappointing China trade figures - one of the largest global importers of oil. Both Brent Crude and WTI was down 1.1%, at $59.83 and $51.03 a barrel respectively. Gold edged 0.3% higher to reach $1,290. With tomorrow’s UK parliamentary Brexit vote looming large, there is also likely to be some positioning ahead of that momentous occasion. Asian overnight: A bearish overnight session saw losses across China, Hong Kong and Australia, while the Japanese markets were closed to observe a bank holiday. Today is all about the Chinese trade data, with both imports and exports deteriorating sharply in December. However, with imports falling -7.6%, while exports hit -4.4%, the overall balance actually shifted further into surplus despite the disappointing figures. Interestingly, despite the imposition of tariffs on Chinese goods, the Chinese surplus has grown significantly, hitting the highest level since records began in 2006. UK, US and Europe: Theresa May is set to warn Eurosceptic MPs today that Brexit could be blocked by parliament if they fail to give their backing in tomorrow's historic "meaningful vote" on the withdrawal agreement. The agreement is strongly opposed by certain Conservative MPs due to the plan for a backstop to avoid a hard Irish border that involves the UK being in a customs union with the EU. Looking ahead, keep an eye out for eurozone industrial production in the morning, with precious few notable releases other than that. With tomorrow’s UK parliamentary Brexit vote looming large, there is also likely to be some positioning ahead of that momentous occasion. South Africa: Global markets are trading mostly weaker this morning with US Index futures down 0.81% and the Shanghai Composite down 0.78% today so far. Markets are trading cautiously ahead of US bank earnings releases this week as well as the all important parlimentary Brexit vote on Wednesday. Gold is trading 0.4% higher this morning while brent crude is 1.1% lower today. The rand has managed to maintain some short term strength having stabilised below the R14/$ mark. Tencent Holdings is down 2.9% in Asia, suggestive of a similar star for major holding company Naspers. BHP Billiton is down 0.25% in Australia, suggestive of a flat to softer start for local diversified resource counters. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in GMT) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 1.30pm – US trade balance (November): deficit to narrow to $54 billion. Market to watch: USD crosses 3pm – US new home sales (November): forecast to rise 2.9% MoM from an 8.9% fall a month earlier. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades PageGroup expects annual performance to be in line with forecasts, as gross profit for the final three months of the year rose 15.4%, allowing gross profit for the full-year to rise 15.9% to £815 million. Restore said that it forecasts annual results to be in line with expectations, as strong trading in the records management division offsets weakness in the shredding unit. JD Sports expects profits to be at the upper end of forecasts, as weak growth in the UK is offset by a better performance by its international division. Like-for-like sales rose 5% for the cumulative 48 week period to 5 January. Michelmersh Brick said that it expects annual underlying revenue and profit to meet market expectations. Year-end debt will also be below forecasts due to strong cash generation. Brooks Macdonald upgraded to buy at Shore Capital Safilo upgraded to neutral at Mediobanca SpA Engie upgraded to buy at Berenberg Mowi upgraded to buy at Fearnley 3i Infra downgraded to hold at Jefferies Countryside cut to underweight at JPMorgan Heineken cut to underweight at Morgan Stanley Next downgraded to underperform at Credit Suisse IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  40. Written by Kyle Rodda - IG Australia More information, greater confidence: Markets have been awash with data over the last 24 hours – and traders love it. It’s a behavioural quirk in financial markets: whether good, bad, or otherwise, an inundation of information paints a full and colourful picture of the world and satisfies that innate human desire for (an illusion) of control and certainty. The phenomenon echoes lessons that were reinforced upon the world all the way back in 2008 by one of that years’ seminal cultural events. No, not the zenith of the Global Financial Crisis, but Christopher Nolan’s The Dark Knight and Heath Ledger’s inimitable portrayal of The Joker. In a scene that epitomizes the philosophy of the uber-anarchist Joker, the character ruminates during a monologue: “Nobody panics when things go according to plan. Even when the plan is horrifying… nobody panics. Because it’s all part of the plan.” Fundamentals unchanged: Why bring this up? Outside taking pause to remember a time before the ills of the GFC ailed the global economy, it sums-up quite well the attitude of market participants in times of turmoil. Yesterday saw the release of a swathe of economic and financial data, which assessed on balance, delivered unremarkable and mixed results. None of it fundamentally changed the outlook for the financial world, but the fact that it filled in some blanks and confirmed a few existing biases meant that everything, overall was judged to be ok. Herein lies the problem for now: the issues that ignited October’s sell-off have yet to disappear, meaning that markets remain just as liable to the extreme bouts of panic and volatility that last month delivered us. Adjustments still underway: The biggest problem here is that when assessing the balance of buyers and sellers, and their overall behaviour, not much has changed. The market was led higher yesterday by a drive into tech-stocks and other growth/momentum sectors – apparently based on a so-so earnings update from Facebook, and an anticipation for upcoming Apple results. If there is one thing that can be taken away from the market commentary in the last 2 weeks, the financial market pros out there – the big money managers, the institutional players, the stock brokers, and the like – believe it’s time to shift away from growth investing into value investing. Assuming they are to be trusted, the players controlling the ultimate fortunes of the market are shifting funds away from areas that have propped markets up this week. Same behaviour driving week’s recovery: Thus: here comes the fissure at the centre of it all: if traders are still chasing momentum flow in growth sectors, and the fundamental outlook for broader financial markets hasn’t changed yet, then October’s shake-out probably has further to run. Now, several factors will surely insulate punters from such extreme bouts of volatility. Oft-cited share buy backs will kick-off in a significant way now, plus seasonality suggests markets are entering a fruitful time of year. Moreover, earnings are still strong even if the medium-term outlook has changed, and economic growth (in the US, but to a lesser extent other geographies) is powering along. However, these factors paper over the cracks – and the truly structural factors – which means while financial calamity isn’t expected any time soon, greater adjustments (that is: more corrective action) in financial markets may well loom. Risk one: higher rates: The two biggest factors remain the prospect of higher global interest rates, and the possibility that markets have already reached peak growth. Regarding the former, it is conspicuous and questionable that traders have reduced their bets of a rate hike from the US Federal Reserve in December and lowered their expectations of the number of hikes in 2019. It appears a classic conflation by market participants that weakness on Wall Street necessitates weakness on main street. Though fortunes can quickly change, economic data continues to affirm that the US economy is in a strong position and price pressures are building – which will require a firmer hand and tighter policy from the US Federal reserve. US bond yields have fallen, and the USD has rallied of late, inviting investors back into equity markets. Last night’s trading session saw bond yields tick higher again, implying that the risks of rising rates haven’t been fully discounted, and sustained volatility on this basis persists. Risk two: slower growth: Secondary to tightening global monetary conditions, the other factor that precipitated October’s market rout remains – and was, in fact, reinforced yesterday. The prospect of weaker growth ex-US economy, due to the trade-war as much as any other cyclical causes, looms large on the horizon. Chinese PMI data yesterday undershot forecasts once more, with the Manufacturing component to that release inching closer to a sub-50 “contractionary” print, pushing the off-shore Yuan ever closer to 7.00; while the BOJ during its meeting yesterday downgraded it growth and inflation forecasts. The fears across Asia added to the nervousness catalysed by this week’s soft European growth numbers – although it must be said that the perception of European growth did receive a boost last night when it was reported that a Brexit deal may arrive as soon as November 21. Nevertheless, if the market correction October was in a big way foundered upon shakier global growth prospects, little revealed this week so far should be interpreted as diminishing that risk in the short-term. Today for the ASX200: SPI futures are indicating that, to start the new month, the ASX200 will participate in the relief rally sweeping markets and add 26 points at the open. Despite sluggishness throughout the day, the Australian market jumped just before the end of yesterday's session, courtesy of a buy-up in bank stocks following ANZ's better than expected results. A full turn around isn't yet underway for the ASX200, but the seeds are there to potentially break the corrective pattern hobbling the index -- with a break and hold above 5930 a definitive sign of this. Just like the rest of global equities, the risks and challenges remain, but yesterday's weak CPI print at least affirms that RBA policy will probably remain supportive of asset markets. The next two days of trade will be significant for the Australian market's nascent recovery, as NAB reports today, and macro watchers eye local retail sales figures tomorrow, and the more significant US Non-Farm Payrolls release on Friday night.
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  41. Trump announces that the Fed is his biggest threat as they are increasing rates ‘too quickly’ Theresa May is to visit Brussels for an EU summit today to agree on the terms of the UK-EU agreement, in order for a final decision to be made in November Netflix quarterly results show yet another rise in new subscribers, signing up 6.96 million customers in this quarter, totaling a global amount of 137.1 million Canada becomes the second country to legalise the use of Cannabis and Marijuana Spot Gold market trend starts to incline, breaking out of its previous month’s bearish position above $1210 to $1219. IMF had arranged to attend a conference in the Middle East for October 23rd to 25th, however has now postponed the trip with no further explanation given China’s holdings of US Treasury securities declined yet again for a third month, plummeting its holdings by around $6billion to $1.165trillion in comparison to last years at $1.2trillion US stocks rise rapidly as some of the largest US companies announced strong quarterly results, helping regain the downward fall shown last week. This includes the Dow Jones, which surged around 550 points/2.2% and the S&P increasing by over 1.9% Asian overnight: Asia Pacific markets managed to follow the US and European lead overnight, with Japanese and Australian markets in particular leading the way higher. Interestingly, Chinese and Hong Kong markets were relatively muted, highlighting the continued fears surrounding growth in the region after Trump threatened yet another round of tariffs on Sunday. The level of debt to GDP in China has hit ‘alarming levels’, as a great difference is seen between reported investments and actual off-balance sheet debt. It is reported at estimates of highs of 30 trillion to 40 trillion Yuan ($4.34trillion to $5.78 trillion). According to analysts, this is mainly caused due to local Chinese governments investing deeply in infrastructure and funding in order to encourage economic growth UK, US and Europe: The UK is back in focus today, with inflation data likely to build upon yesterday’s jobs numbers to build a picture of the pressures on the BoE. With average earnings on the rise, the predicted fall in inflation could actually provide a positive differential between wages and the cost of living, thus raising real wages. UK wages grow at their quickest pace in nearly 10 years. The level of pay rose by 3.1% from the three months prior to August and a fall of 47,000 to 1.36million in unemployment levels.The EU summit will shift the market mindset back to Brexit, with the EU having allowed Theresa May the opportunity to find a solution to break the deadlock. In the US, keep an eye out for housing data, with building permits and housing starts being released. However, the big release comes later on, with the Fed due to release their latest monetary policy minutes. Crude traders will also be keeping a keen eye on the Crude inventories data following substantial build-ups over the past two weeks. The Fed to release their latest monetary policy minutes later today Results from further investigation, in regards to the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, may show greater strain on how the US and Saudi Arabian relationship will be effected. This has caused three large banks including HSBC, Credit Suisse and Standard Chartered to pull out of Saudi’s Future Investment Initiative event in Riyadh. Among these, Google’s cloud division, Mastercard, JP Morgan and many others have also decided that they are not attending the event. South Africa: Upbeat US corporate earnings is seeing the tech sector leading gains in the worlds largest economy (the US). The dollar has however firmed up a bit, putting some pressure on commodity prices and the rand. BHP Billiton is down 0.7% in Australia, suggestive of a softer start for local diversified resource counters. Naspers, which has roughly a 20% weighting in the Top40 Index, is expected to open higher this morning in lieu of the improved sentiment surrounding tech sector stocks. Our local market will look to Retail Sales data at 1pm today for for guidance as to the health of South Africa's retail sector. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar 9.30am - UK CPI (September): CPI to rise 2.4% YoY and 0.5% MoM, from 2.7% and 0.7%, while core CPI rises 1.8% YoY and 2.1%. Market to watch: GBP crosses 10am – eurozone CPI (September): forecast to rise 0.2% MoM. Market to watch: EUR crosses 1.30pm – US housing starts & building permits (September): starts expected to fall by 3.5% YoY, and permits to rise 1.2%. Market to watch: USD crosses 3.30pm – US EIA crude inventories (w/e 12 October): forecast to see a 1 million barrel rise in inventories. Markets to watch: Brent, WTI 7pm – US FOMC minutes: the committee’s decision to raise rates will be revealed in more detail, providing volatility for the US dollar and equities. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades Afrimat expects earnings per share and headline earnings per share, for the interim period to be between 92 cents and 97 cents per share (2017: EPS of 102.4 cents per share and HEPS of 102.2 cents per share), reflecting a decrease of between 5% and 11% on the previous period. Pearson said revenue was flat for the first nine months of the year, and the firm has reiterated its annual profit guidance. Barratt Developments has made a strong start to the year, with a 12.4% rise in forward sales, to £3.15 billion compared to £2.8 billion a year earlier. Mediclinic said that first-half revenue fell 1% to £1.4 billion, while adjusted EBITDA was down 8% to £21 million. Lyft has hired JP Morgan to lead its IPO for 2019, potentially increasing its value to over $15billion BlackRock’s stock falls by over 5% due to their third-quarter revenue results falling below expected results, totalling at $3.576billion in comparison to $3.648billion. Nevertheless, BlackRock published earnings per share at $7.52, in comparison to an expectation of $6.84 Audi to be fined £700million/$800million as an investigation occurred in relation to a diesel emission scandal Morgan Stanley increased more than 5% after the announcement of improved results in earnings. This led to earnings per share at $1.17 rather than the forecasted results of $1.01 Goldman Sachs had reached a higher level than estimates in profitability levels, resulting in $8.65billion of revenue from an estimated $8.4billion. This results in levels of $6.28 per share in earnings, from its estimates of $5.38. Volvo shares decline by 5% due to an announcement explaining potential emissions failure, with vehicles emitting illegal levels of nitrogen oxide Dollar Tree’s stock increased to highs of 7.1% after investor Carl Icahn had taken a stake in the company Uber targeting $120billion valuation for next year, as Wall Street banks advise that its worth more than three times the automaker Ford IBM revenue decline to $18.8billion in the third quarter, falling by 2.1% against expected results Shares of Tencent faces an extreme decline of 40% from January, eliminating more than $230billion in market value BillerudKorsnas upgraded to buy at SEB Equities Coca-Cola HBC raised to hold at Wood & Company Hellenic Petroleum raised to overweight at Pantelakis KPN upgraded to overweight at Barclays ConvaTec cut to underperform at Credit Suisse Handelsbanken downgraded to sell at DNB Markets Michelin downgraded to neutral at Goldman Safran downgraded to underperform at Jefferies IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  42. Wall Street: It's still early days, but investors appear to have regained their nerve overnight. The Asian session was tepid, to be sure, however a rally in European and US equities reveal a market that has found its appetite for equities again. As the existing narrative would imply, much of this was underpinned by a fresh appetite for rate-sensitive US big tech stocks, which according to the NASDAQ, rallied almost 3 per cent overnight, leading both the Dow Jones and S&P in the realms of 2 per cent higher. Implied volatility fell, but remains relatively high at around 18, so of course it would be foolish to claim the recent sell-off is authoritatively through. In stating this, commentary has shifted away somewhat from risks from rates and tariffs, to anticipating the fruits of what is expected to be a bumper reporting season – particularly after the likes of Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley posted impressive results early this morning. Europe: Likely owing to being largely oversold to begin with, the strong activity in European equities come despite a mixed-news day for the region. Like much of the global-share-market following last week’s equity rout, valuations and dividend yields within European indices have become more attractive this week, apparently enough to attract buyers into European share markets, even against doubts regarding the strength of the region’s upcoming reporting season. UK data provided some impetus for the bulls last night, after labour market figures showed that the unemployment rate held at 4.0 per cent and average earning climbed by an above forecast 2.7 per cent. The GBP/USD pushed-up just below the 1.32 handle on the news, however rate markets were more-or-less steady, as traders ostensibly tie their BOE rate-hike bets to the outcome of souring Brexit negotiations. Macro-backdrop: The boost to investor sentiment has infused equity traders with glimmers of confidence, though the greater appetite for risk hasn’t necessarily flowed through to other asset classes. Yields on US Treasuries were flat the last 24 hours, and despite climbing back above the 112-handle against the Yen, the US Dollar has failed to catch a major bid. Risk proxies like the AUD and NZD are a skerrick higher, with the Aussie Dollar floating about 0.7140, but gold is still finding haven buying, holding above a support line at $US1224. Moreover, proving that last night’s rally isn’t on the firm basis of greater confidence in global growth prospects, the Bloomberg Commodity Index edged 0.1 per cent lower, even considering a sustained increase in oil prices amid fears of lower supply because of a potential rift between the US and Saudi Arabia. ASX: The strong overnight lead has SPI futures pointing a 28-point jump for the ASX200 at this morning's open, following a day in which the Australian share market popped modestly higher from its oversold levels. The pop was reflected primarily in the activity in bank stocks, which rallied-off its own oversold reading, to collectively climb 0.55 per cent for the session. It was the materials space though that led the index higher, courtesy of a 1.4 per cent rally, despite the limited price gains in commodity prices yesterday. The day's trade establishes an interesting dynamic for the ASX200 today: the index fought unsuccessfully throughout trade to re-enter last week's broken trend channel. Futures markets has this transpiring at the open - a positive sign for the Aussie market. Regional data: Despite leading to limited price action across the region, Asia was littered with fundamental data yesterday. It was kicked-off early morning our time, upon the release of key New Zealand CPI data, which revealed stronger than expected consumer price growth of 1.9 per cent annualized for that economy. The algo-traders seemed to kick-in post the event, pushing the NZD/USD to the significant 0.6600 handle, before human rationality took over the pair lower, primarily on the knowledge that the data wouldn’t change materially the RBNZ’s interest rate views. Chinese CPI data was also printed yesterday, revealing an-expectation figure of 2.5 per cent – up from the previous 2.3 per cent. Once again however, although inflation is proving to be running a little hotter in China, trader’s judged that the news wouldn’t shift the dial for policymakers and promptly moved on. RBA’s Minutes: Of domestic significance, the RBA released the minutes from their recent meeting, with very little novel information to glean: “members continued to agree that the next move in the cash rate was more likely to be an increase than a decrease. However, since progress on unemployment and inflation was likely to be gradual, they also agreed there was no strong case for a near-term adjustment in monetary policy”. The reaction in market was one of the more muted from an RBA release, registering barely a reaction across financial markets. There were some interesting points discussed from a purely academic perspective in the document – some substance for the economics-nerds – especially relating to hot global asset prices, but nothing in the way of potential policy approaches from the central bank. FOMC Minutes and Reporting Season: Approaching the half-way mark for the trading-week, investors prepare for its pointier end. The major event will transpire tomorrow morning local time, in the form of the FOMC Minutes from the US Federal Reserve’s last monetary policy meeting. Of course, most of panic and volatility in global markets has come because of the Fed’s hawkishness in recent times, so market participants will peruse the details of tomorrow’s minutes for insights that confirm or deny fears about higher global rates. The broader market will also engross itself further in US reporting season, with Netflix (for one) posting what is being considered currently a better than forecast set of numbers, by way of virtue of a smashing of subscription growth estimates.
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  43. Rout over? There are tentative signs that the global equity rout witnessed last week has subsided, at least for now. The tone shifted during Asian trade on Friday, and despite a weak day for European markets, Wall Street ended the week on a positive note, led by a bounce in the major tech stocks. It’s not to say that there isn’t the risk that this sell-off may not continue at some stage this week: in fact, futures markets are indicating a sluggish start for Asia today. More to the point, the fundamentals haven’t changed and the concerns that precipitated the tumble in share markets are still there. True, bond yields are now 10 points down off their highs and some positive news about the trade war and Chinese growth boosted sentiment on Friday. But neither of these issues have disappeared and will almost certainly rear their head again. Fundamentals haven’t changed: The crux of the matter is that, as has been repeated ad nauseum, interest rates in the US are going higher and that seems very unlikely to change. The growth story in the US is so strong that the Fed feels compelled to keep telling us so, as it apparently prepares markets for the inevitable end of the easy money era. If this is the case, then maybe the kind of wild bursts of volatility above 20-25% (if assessed against the VIX) sporadically is the new norm. Markets have seen two bouts of it this year already, largely due to the same structural factors, though it must be said that provided we’ve arrived at the end of this sell-off, the impacts were much smaller than February’s. Nevertheless, assuming continued strength in the fundamentals, a more turbulent journey on this bull-run could become the status quo. A sell-off, not a correction (yet): Once again: this assessment is entirely predicated on the belief that this pull-back has come to an end, which with a high-impact week ahead of market participants, is less than guaranteed. There may be an element of being at a cross-road now, though it’s almost always impossible to tell whilst moment whether this is so. Despite the opacity of the current market conditions, defining what’s so far been seen is appropriate, especially to provide perspective regarding the panic some have felt toward the notion of a “correction” in the market. Different geographies and individual indices must be judged differently, but if Australian and US markets are the yardsticks, neither are at a technical correction phase yet. A true correction is a sell-off of over 10 per cent from highs, something the major US indices nor the ASX has experienced yet. ASX: SPI futures are pointing to a soft start for the week for the ASX. The last price on that contract is indicating a 51-point drop at the open, furthering last week’s rather heavy losses. First glance suggests that the drop-in financials stocks on Wall Street, which fell by way of virtue of the pullback in US Treasury yields, and despite strong earnings updates from JP Morgan Chase & Co. and Citigroup Inc, will follow through to the Australian share market today. The boost to US tech stocks may bode well for the pockets of growth stocks in information technology and healthcare within our market, as too may the slight lift in industrial metals prices and oil over the weekend. However, even considering these modestly improved fundamentals and a solid lead from Wall Street, perhaps the break of a technical medium-term uptrend on Friday has tipped the balance of activity in favour of the sellers. China and greater Asia: Being a Monday, the Asian region is at risk of witnessing a lack of volume on the markets today, on the back of a US session Friday that experienced a 30 per cent lift in its average volume. That could make markets sputter a little, however several events and a general positioning for the week could turn that around. An impetus will need to come out of China to see noteworthy shift in sentiment, be that bullish or bearish, as traders attempt reform their views on the Chinese growth story. That narrative received a much-needed boost during last week’s final trading session, after the release of much better than expected Chinese Trade Balance data assayed some concerns relating to the impact the trade war is having on Chinese growth – a belief that will be tested throughout the week by a slew of Chinese fundamental data releases. Fundamental economic data: Fundamental data will be abundant in the week ahead for market participants, both domestically and abroad. Interest rate traders will be treated to insights from the RBA in tomorrow’s RBA Monetary Policy Minutes on Tuesday, FOMC Minutes on Thursday morning (AEDT), along with several speeches from central bankers throughout the week. Volatility in currency, money and credit markets was nowhere near the levels registered on share markets last week, although a safe-haven plays into US Treasuries, the Yen and Gold has emerged. Given the primary cause of Thursday’s major sell-off can be tied back to interest rate expectations and activity in US Treasuries, the FOMC’s minutes will probably be the most watched event. The yield on the benchmark US 10 Year Treasury note is down to 3.16 per cent currently, 10 points below the highs that ignited the stock market sell-off: an overly hawkish tone in the Fed’s minutes a risk of bringing a return to this dynamic. Political economy: Geopolitical risk will lurk in the background to the week’s trade, threatening to dull risk appetite above and beyond the uncertain fundamental outlook for markets. A Brexit deal could eventuate this week, in what could amount to the final round of talks between the UK Government and European bureaucrats. An eye on China and particularly its handling of the Yuan could be a hot-point, after the US Treasury department opted not to label the Chinese policymakers as currency manipulators, catalysing a rally in the Yuan, before the PBOC intervened and enacted another controlled devaluation on Friday. Finally, fears of disruption in the middle-east and therefore oil markets could flare-up, as relations deteriorate between Saudi Arabia and the global community on the increasing possibility that the Saudi’s brutally murdered a anti-establishment journalist within the Saudi Arabian embassy in Istanbul. Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  44. The growth-versus-risk paradigm shifted further in favour of the latter in the last 24 hours, as a multitude of stories compounded the bearish sentiment mounting in global markets. Though Chinese markets were more stable yesterday, an IMF report downgrading global growth forecasts for the first time since 2016 reinforced the possible growth-sapping impacts of the unfolding US-China trade war. Risks in Europe piqued again, following renewed inflammation of tensions between the Italian government and European bureaucrats, weakening the EUR/USD and pushing European bond spreads wider. While the trade war story also dented the growth story, after news broke that the US Treasury Department may be poised to officially label China a currency manipulator. ASX200: SPI futures are indicating a 4-point drop for the ASX200, following another belting of Australian shares yesterday. Futures markets have unwound the projected falls at the open for the ASX200 throughout the North American session, courtesy of an overall lukewarm but stable night’s trading on global markets. Support levels were brushed aside in local trade yesterday, with 6100 and 6060 offering little inertia, squashing the index into its eventual closing price at 6040. Downside momentum has really taken hold of the ASX now, shaping the perception that a short-term downtrend is emerging for the market. The daily-RSI reading suggests the sell-off is somewhat overcooked, but the prospect of a complete and immediate recovery of this week’s losses appears remote. Risk factors: Tuesday’s trading provided much of the necessary insight, however, into what cascading set of influences is driving the Australian share market. There are more than enough risk factors percolating through markets now to fuel bearishness on the ASX, but as always, the interest is in determining what weight each variable carries for the success and failure of the index. The global growth story is one of those, tied into fears of a Chinese economic slow-down and the effects of the trade war on financial markets. Another is the numerous risks to local and international financial stability, taking the form of underperformance from bank stocks, possible fiscal crises in Europe, and a possible blow up in emerging markets. All those stories play their part to a build-up in downside risk, but market-activity yesterday suggests that the biggest issue plaguing the market is this: the global sell-off in equities in the face of higher global interest rates. Local market drivers: The sectoral map for the ASX200 yesterday handed the clearest insight into this dynamic. For one, the bank’s stock prices pulled back after their modest recovery last week, no longer exhibiting signs of upside from higher global long-term bond yields; and the materials and energy sector also faulted, even despite a modest tick-up in oil and metal prices, and the easing of selling-pressures in Chinese equity markets. Though the truth in the ASX’s fortunes will often lie within activity in any one of these three sectors, the lion’s share of market action yesterday was generated by the heavy 4.11 per cent loss of the health care sector, catalysed by a 4.5 per cent and 5.2 per cent dumping of market darlings CSL and Cochlear, respectively. Heath care stocks: The rout in health care stocks ties back into a theme manifesting the world over: that growth stocks are coming out of vogue as global discount rates increase. Much alike the tech giants in the US, Australia’s major healthcare stocks – again, the likes of CSL and Cochlear – have carried the Australian share market this year, collectively generating a YTD return of over 21 per cent. These companies, better defined as bio-tech firms, have traded with increasingly stretched valuations, and with naturally lower yields. The spike in global rates over the past week has put pressure on valuations, as well driven investors to chase returns in safer, higher yielding assets. It’s a phenomenon playing out at a fundamental level the world-over, causing drag across equity markets and consequently an overall bearish sentiment within them. Although no reason for alarm yet, with opportunities still ample ahead of projected strong earnings growth, the combination may portend bearishness for ASX200 traders moving forward into the back end of 2018 and start of 2019. Risk-off: The parameters dictating market sentiment presently is tipping markets away from riskier assets and into safe havens. The already described activity in equity markets evidences this, but less structural and more transient and nebulous concerns are materializing in other asset classes. The Japanese Yen, for one, has attracted flows this week, falling back below the 1.13 handle last night. The stronger currency and risk-off dynamic has quashed the Nikkei’s bullishness, pulling that index down from its recent 27-year highs. Paradoxically, the AUD/USD has climbed within this context, bouncing off the bottom of the pair’s trend channel back above the 0.7100; however, after the multiyear lows registered last week, this is probably reflective of some opportunistic profit taking from short-sellers, with the more accurate growth-versus-risk currency pair, the AUD/JPY, falling below the significant 80.00 handle last night. North America: The rotation out of growth stocks is afflicting Wall Street indices, however the thrust behind this process did ease last night. The reasoning for this was the settling in US Treasury yields, which fell throughout the day, after the benchmark US 10 Year Treasury clocked new 7 highs at 3.26 per cent during the early stages of the session. The NASDAQ was subsequently allowed to arrest its 3-day tumble, closing effectively flat, while the comprehensive S&P500 dipped 0.1 per cent. The far narrower Dow Jones lost 0.2 per cent for the day and demonstrated best the unfolding rotation into defensive strategies by investors: putting aside the jump in oil prices that led the rally in the energy sector, once more the conservative consumer staples, communication and health care stocks proved the leaders of the day’s trade. Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  45. Markets welcomed back the Chinese from holiday and all the bad news came together at once. That’s not to say the world’s problems, at least as it applies to global markets, can be rooted in China. Frankly, it was a hapless start for the week, by any measure. The build-up of trader fears simply over flowed during yesterday’s Asian session, as China’s markets attempted to digest a whole week of news all at once. Most of these issues sit beyond Chinese borders, with the fundamental issue remaining the prospect of higher global rates. But a truth that is taking come sifting to exhume is to what extent is the activity in China a reflection of a slow-down in the Middle Kingdom’s economy. Chinese policy: That issue was raised on the back of China’s policy makers’ announcement of a cut to the Reserve Requirement Ratio for Chinese banks over the weekend. The measure reduces the capital some major banks in China need to hold in reserve – an attempt to boost credit creation within the economy. This tactic runs counter to a broader strategy of deleveraging the Chinese economy, tipping the priorities of policy makers ostensibly from one focusing-on financial stability, to one focusing instead on stimulating growth. Again, stripping back the arguably more significant story of trade-wars and higher global rates, investors seemed to interpret the latest policy intervention as a small admission: the Chinese economy is cooling, and needs a little boost. China’s fundamentals: The risk in this situation is to catastrophize: “China is heading for a hard-landing!”. While a firm grasp on the likelihood of such an outcome is difficult to ascertain, owing to the notoriously opaque nature of the Chinese economy, a catastrophic collapse in China’s economy is probably quite remote. The data (assuming it’s veracity, here) coming out of China is still rather strong: growth is set to remain around 6.5 per cent, employment is solid, and prices are stable. The worries centre around some weak trends in some supply side and consumption data, which though not dire, portends some future slack in the economy. PMI figures are the most conspicuous in this regard presently, trending down for the best part of 6 months, but cracks are also beginning to show in data-points of the likes of retail sales and industrial production. Chinese indices: The uncertainty hurled up by a possibly softer Chinese economy introduced the level of mystery to the very tangible macroeconomic risks of higher global tariffs and spiking global rates. With so much information to consume, investors hit the sell button en masse and smashed Chinese equity indices yesterday. Using the benchmark Shanghai Composite as a barometer, Chinese markets lost 3.72 per cent in value throughout yesterday’s Asian session, driving that index just above support at 2700. The bloodletting may well prove challenging to staunch here, and futures markets are pricing another – albeit less severe – day of losses. The general flight of capital is stinging the off-shore Yuan, sending the USD/CNH through support of 6.90, as the PBOC struggles to wrestle control of the currency from a market that clearly thinks it should be lower. ASX: Given this as the regional macro-economic backdrop, it’s easy to comprehend why the ASX200 gave up the ghost yesterday. SPI futures aren’t indicating a let up for our market either, indicating another dip at today’s open. Australian shares were squeezed by the numerous pressures compressing equity markets more broadly: investors are backing away from riskier assets, especially high-growth stocks, preferring safer yields in fixed income markets; while worries about tariffs and Chinese growth enervated investor sentiment regarding the future strength of the Australian economy. As such, the materials and energy sectors sank the overall ASX200, courtesy of a sell-off in commodities prices, resulting in a day where market-breadth was just over 12 percent, and the index closed right on support at 6100. Italy and the EU: Europe threw at investors its own challenges yesterday, in the form of another flare-up in tensions between the “populist” Italian government and bureaucrats in Brussels. The story revolves this time around comments made by Italian Deputy Prime Minister, Matteo Salvini, in response to criticism from the European Union about Italy’s budget deficit. In short: Salvini put his country’s woes back on the EU and its policymaking, blaming “the politics of austerity”. The fresh barbs pushed the spread on Italian government bonds and German Bunds back around 304bps, and the EUR/USD below the 1.15 handle to shed 0.3 per cent, adding to a day that was already mired in the global bond rout and equity-market sell-off. Wall Street: The North American session has closed shortly before penning this paragraph, and to the credit of US markets, the Dow Jones and S&P500 have pared the day’s early losses to finish very modestly higher. The dynamic was no doubt aided by the Columbus Day holiday, which meant US Treasury markets were out of action. Nevertheless, considering the overwhelming dour sentiment established by Asian and European markets, plus the multi-year lows registered by broader emerging markets, a more-or-less steady day for US shares is no mean feat. The gains were led by a clear rotation into defensive, dividend-yielding stocks: consumer staples and communications stocks topped the Dow Jones’ sectoral map, supported in part by another rally in financials stocks from the prospect of higher global rates. US Tech: The takeaway from the US trade is once again how big-tech performed, with the NASDAQ stripping 0.67 per cent for the day. The famous FANGs stocks registered a third straight day of losses, driven by a 1.34 per cent fall in Amazon shares, and a 1 per cent loss for Google parent-company Alphabet. The rotation out of high growth stocks – the kind that have pushed US markets to record highs this year – is apparently taking hold, as discount rates increase, and safer-yields are sought-after in the face of higher global bond yields. Although earnings growth is projected to remain strong into the immediate-future for US shares, the lack of appetite for high-growth stocks gives-off the smell of a market that is looking a trifle toppy. Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  46. Economic data flow has been relatively light overnight, but activity on financial markets is especially rife. It’s begun with the bond market – not in Europe this time, but in the booming United States. There doesn’t appear to be a discernible flashpoint that’s sparked this, but nevertheless and for whatever reason, bond traders have hit the sell button on US Treasuries. The phenomenon can be witnessed across the curve, with US 2 Year Treasury yields climbing to levels not seen since 2008 at 2.86 per cent, the benchmark US 10 Year Treasury yield hitting levels not seen since 2011 at 3.15 percent, and US 30 Year Treasury Yields clocking-in levels not seen since 2014 at 3.31 per cent. As one can safely assume, the DXY has rallied on the developments, pushing to a 6-week high just shy of 95.80. It’s growth, not inflation: An explanation for the sudden frenzy in fixed income markets is being foraged for. The concern in these situations is that such a move could indicate strife: something tied back to fears uncontrollable inflation, or a reflection of a higher likelihood of US fiscal deterioration. To the relief of market participants however, the consensus regarding the moves overnight is an optimistic one: traders are buying into the Fed’s “growth, growth, growth” view expounded over the last week, and are as such pricing in the prospect of higher US rates. Although myriad of risks now emerges for other asset classes as a consequence to the (apparently) inexorable rise in yields, the underlying reasons should be cause for a calm and collected cheer. Wall Street: How the rally in bond yields, provided it continues, manifests in US equity markets will become the centre of concern, one would imagine, in coming days and weeks. US indices faded into the close last night as the Treasury sell-off took hold, with the benchmark S&P500 closing only a fraction higher for the day. Both the Dow Jones and NASDAQ put-in a better performance for the session, posting gains of 0.2 per cent and 0.3 per cent respectively – the former registering new all-time highs in the process – but pulled-away notably from intraday highs at the back end of the trading day. Interest rate sensitive and high growth sectors underscored the day’s volatility, as financial stocks climbed along with information technology and industrial stocks; while real estate and consumer sectors suffered under the assumption higher US rates will weigh on property markets and consumption. The Fed and the stock-market: An implied maxim of the US Federal Reserve that elegantly describes last night’s trading dynamic (the articulation of which is often attributed to Ex-Fed-Head Alan Greenspan) is that the role of Fed is to “take away the punchbowl when the party is getting started”. It was this abstraction that was philosophically behind this year’s stock market correction in February and caused investors to flee from equity assets. Markets appear more circumspect at the moment, galvanized by a booming US economy, and higher corporate profits buttressed by US President Trump’s stimulatory tax cuts. Consensus is still that the times won’t immediately change for the US stock market, with valuations forecast to tighten as earnings keep improving. Even still, as the US equity bull market charges forward, an anxiety that will hover over markets will be whether the Fed’s determination to “normalize” interest rates will sober investors’ euphoria. ASX: The lead set by the heavy activity on North American markets overnight has SPI futures indicating a 14-point jump for the ASX200 at market open. Australian shares managed to recover territory yesterday, led by a catch up by materials stocks to the global recovery in commodities prices, coupled with a more general recalibration across the index following Tuesday’s bank led sell-off. The fortunes of the financial sector will be of interest today given the tick-up in global bond yields: the circumstances should lead to a favourable view of future bank profitability, but with the Royal Commission still overhanging the industry, perhaps this will be ignored. The ASX200 closed the day at 6146 yesterday, bouncing off support at 6120: previous support at 6160 may prove formidable resistance here and should be watched closely by technical traders. Oil rallies, EUR stable: There were a variety of other stories occupying traders last night that are worth touching on briefly. US Crude Inventory data was released, showing a surprise increase in oil stock piles. Despite this, the price of oil maintained its upward momentum, driven by the belief that blips in inventory data won’t change the structural problems caused by low production and undersupply. The other unfolding story that is moving markets is the Italian fiscal battle, currently being waged between bureaucrats in Rome and Brussels. The tensions and fears cooled in the last 24 hours, following news that the Italian government had agreed to reduce its budget deficit to 2.0 per cent by 2021. The risks here are ongoing, but for the time being the EUR has settled as the spread between Italian government bonds and German Bunds have narrowed. Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  47. Trade Wars Update: It No Longer Matters? Seemingly a routine occurrence for the global financial markets, we saw the state of global trade deteriorate yet again through the past week. As expected, the United States went forward with tariffs on an additional $200 billion in Chinese goods. The terms are for a 10 percent rate on a range of imports that will increase to 25 percent by the end of the year. The standard, immediate response from China was quickly implemented, but only on $60 billion in US goods. It is not clear the strategy from China as they vowed a ****-for-tat response to what they have deemed unprovoked trade wars, but the country does not have much more room to tax imports from its major counterpart – and certainly not $200 billion worth of goods. This alone moves us into a new phase of a standoff of escalating cost for the US, China and the world. The S&P 500 is at a record high while the EEM Emerging Market ETF is only modestly off its multi-year low Will China ease off the pressure? Are they simply plotting an alternative course? Could this be an attempt to prevent President Trump from pursuing his threat to trigger the $267 billion in further duties in the event of a reprisal to the $200 billion? It isn’t clear. With the situation clearly under greater tension, the news over the weekend that plans for further talks had broken down ensures greater financial threat from this already-enormous burden. What is even more remarkable than the state of trade from these two economic leaders is the apparent state of obliviousness from the speculative markets. While certain assets show greater disregard to the threat than others (the S&P 500 is at a record high while the EEM Emerging Market ETF is only modestly off its multi-year low), they have all displayed a measure of neglect these past weeks as the tab has grown exponentially. To suggest that this situation simply doesn’t matter would be recklessly negligent. It isn’t impossible that speculators accustomed to complacency and FOMO, but it would nevertheless increase the scope of risk to stability through the future. Ignoring the dangerous wobble in a tire as you steadily accelerate down the freeway is not a reasonable state even if we can sustain it for the time being. If we continue to build up exposure until a severe economic or financial crisis arises, it will only amplify the eventual collapse. What is Eating the Dollar and How Long Does it Dine? The Dollar marked an important technical tumble this past week. Already under pressure over the past months, the DXY’s drop below 94.35 and EURUSD charge above 1.1700 represents the break of ‘necklines’ on head-and-shoulders patterns (the latter inverted). This is pressure not isolated to the trade-weighted aggregate or its heavily represented most liquid pairing. We can see the currency’s unique struggle intensifying distinctly across the spectrum over these past few weeks. But with this evidence of broad struggle, we should attempt to identify its source if we intend to establish the intent of follow through – whether persistent or near its conclusion. Reverting to an old textbook relationship, some are connecting the currency’s traditional safe haven role to the recent rebound in risk assets – including record highs for certain benchmark US indices. The Fed is expected to hike rates another 25 basis points to a range of 2.00-2.25 percent. That would be a tidy explanation, but is suspicious for its timing considering this haven function hasn’t played a significant role for months. Further reason to question this relationship is the explicit status for the Greenback as the highest yielding major currency. That advantage will likely increase this week as the Fed is expected to hike rates another 25 basis points to a range of 2.00-2.25 percent. It could be the case that the currency’s premium could be deflating under expectation that the central bank is planning to downgrade its pace of tightening at this meeting through the Summary of Economic Projections (SEP) and Chairman Powell’s press conference. Yet, we don’t see that anticipation in assets that more directly relate to such forecasts - overnight swaps and Fed Funds futures. Political risk will prove an increasingly prominent risk through media headlines in particular over the coming weeks, but there is little direct threat to economy or financial markets just yet. This slow reversal of a six-month old bull trend may also have developed in response to the longer-term concerns. Over enough time, the accumulated cost of engaging in a multi-front trade war while increasing the budget deficit during a healthy economic phase will erode the appeal of the United States’ currency’s principal status. It is possible that this long-term pressure is starting to set in; but if that is the motivation, it can readily be sidetracked by more intense short-term concerns (like next week’s FOMC decision). Political Risk Increasing as US Election Cycle Heats Ups Political risk is an abstract fundamental influence on the financial system. Certainly each trade has their political beliefs on policies ranging from economy to social causes; but more often than not, these views only cloud our assessment of the markets. It is generally-accepted market wisdom to remove emotions from our trading; and there are few things in life that more readily trigger emotion than politics. Practically-speaking, however, there is little in the way of policy that can readily translate into significant market movement in the short-term. That said, one of the few outlets with a direct link to financial health and stability is the state of international relations. And, on that front, the danger has grown visibly and exponentially. Perhaps one of the most obvious instances of this pressure on net global growth and capital rotations through trade comes from the United States. Poland and Hungary pose a threat to core EU beliefs – and have drawn criticism for such – owing to their nationalist governments’ policies. The Trump Administration has driven forward with hefty tariffs and economic sanctions on some of the largest economies in the world. Whether we personally view the policies as good or bad / right or wrong, the economic impact is straightforward. As time marches on, attention on politics will intensify with the mid-term elections approaching. While much of the high drama related to the balance of the Legislative branch, threats of Presidential impeachment and the Supreme Court pick has little to do with the kind of direct market implications that we should keep in the forefront; it can nevertheless bolster the appreciation of economic and financial connection by virtue of its mere presence in the headlines. What’s more, this is not a uniquely US concern. There is political pressure rising across the world. Reports of a possible election call in the United Kingdom have followed the failure of progress in the Brexit negotiations at the EU leaders summit in Salzburg. Mainland Europe is not immune to systemic risk via political pressures. Italy is still a massive concern to stability between its enormous debt and populist government. Poland and Hungary pose a threat to core EU beliefs – and have drawn criticism for such – owing to their nationalist governments’ policies. In Asia, financial pressure is starting to show subtle cracks in social contentedness while US sanctions have spilled over from Russia restrictions. Japanese Prime Minister Abe managed to keep his position this past week, but the economic and international diplomatic position or the country has not improved materially. The question investors should ask themselves is whether these relationships improve for compromise or rapidly intensify should economic or financial crisis start to emerge.
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  48. Geopolitics is already shaping-up as the major driver of financial markets this week. Data is rather light, with the US Federal Reserve’s meeting on Thursday morning (AEST) the centrepiece of an economic calendar otherwise filled with a handful of central-bank-head speeches and a meeting of the RBNZ. Hence, traders will find themselves sucked into a vacuum that can only be filled by noise surround the global economy’s biggest contemporary international-political hot-points. The break-down in talks between the US and China was once again the most significant of these, but a shift in sentiment will also be underlined by increasingly frosty negotiations between the UK and Europe, along with tensions between the US and oil producing countries. The core matter for will be how these clear risk-off factors conspire with the US Federal Reserve’s meeting to impact traders, on the back of a week that was defined by a tangible relief-rally. China cancels talks: The Chinese formally cancelled trade talks with the US on Saturday afternoon. It was what markets had feared this time last week, and true to their word, China kept to its line that it would not negotiate with the US while under duress. Frankly, how markets react to this news will be curious today, given that global markets shrugged off-last week’s developments to jump into riskier-assets, pushing US indices to all-time highs. Will this escalation in the trade-war be taken in stride by markets, or does this amount to the flashpoint that traders have been long fearing? The truth – as always – will probably sit somewhere between these two poles, but what looks assured now is that this trade-war is a battle of attrition: China will not have the long-term vision for their country disrupted; while US President Trump will not stop until he can achieve what he considers victory. Brexit backwards step: Global geopolitical problems weren’t contained to just Asian over the weekend. In a noteworthy reversal of fortunes, Brexit negotiations deteriorated further, after UK Prime Minister Therese May delivered a hostile public address rebuking the EU’s treatment of her and her country at the latest summit in Salzburg. Markets didn’t like the UK Prime Minister’s approach, hitting the sell button on the Pound, sending that currency from a multi-week high around 1.33 before the news, back within the 1.30 handle (at time of writing). The greater hostility between the UK and EUR raised once more the spectre of a Brexit no-deal, which looks increasingly likely as the October/November deadline looms. Watch for activity in the EUR/USD this week, particularly considering the scheduled speech of ECB Mario Draghi tonight, for hints that a no-deal outcome is being priced into markets, as that pair shrugs off the weekend’s news to challenge three-month highs at about 1.18. Trump, Oil and OPEC: The politics of oil rounded off the weekend’s tripartite of geopolitical troubles. In response to a US President Trump Twitter-tirade last week regarding a spike in oil prices, OPEC+ defied the US President calls to boost oil production to lower oil prices, stating that the organisation was currently doing enough to meet demand. The commentary opens-up a possible push higher in oil prices above $US80 per barrel (in Brent Crude terms) – a mark that has been consistently threatened in the past month. That price point still appears the comfortable level for Brent Crude despite US President Trump’s protestations, amounting to the mid-point between its multi-year high and low prices. However, some degree of overshooting looks possible in the short term, with $US83.75 jumping out as the next significant technical level. ASX: SPI futures are indicating a 23-point drop at the open for the ASX200 against this backdrop, following on from a week where Australian equities showed tentative signs of strength, but appeared capped to the upside in the short-term. The pattern of higher lows continued to end last week’s trade, with resistance around 6190/6200 for the ASX200 holding firm to create an ever-tightening wedge pattern for the index. Though a sign of reluctance from traders to push the market higher, the trade dynamic does suggest a pent-up bullishness that may provide a pop to the upside provided the right circumstances. It will be a matter today -- and for the rest of the week – of whether such activity can occur in an environment of heightened geopolitical risks. Intuition says no, but too often have we seen the counter-intuitive play out in this market. Australian Dollar: The benefit for Australian traders is that we may not have to look any further than our own currency to get a gauge on this. The AUD/USD spiked higher last week, spurred by the greater risk appetite brought about by (at least the illusion) of greater certainty in financial markets. The local unit launched off support around ~0.7150, to trade towards the very top of its well-defined trend channel at (at the time) around 0.7300. It would take something remarkable to push the AUD above this trend channel this week, particularly considering the economic fundamentals underpinning the market. A certain amount of profit taking should be expected at these levels too, especially given the conspicuousness of the AUD/USD’s trend. The interest will be consequently in how well the currency holds itself at these levels: it will be the best measure of trader perceptions regarding the latest escalation in the trade war. Wall Street: The fortunes of Wall Street indices will be worth assessing in the next 24 hours as a result of the heightened trade war tensions. The industrial heavy Dow Jones traded in line with the strong activity in the DAX and Nikkei on Friday, to close trade at new all-time highs at 26,743, while a sell-off in tech shares contributed to a fall in the NASDAQ and S&P500 of 0.51% per cent and 0.04% respectively. The extent of China’s hostility, at least according to the perception of traders, will be revealed by activity in the major tech stocks, which have come under pressure in recent weeks due to fears that China may target tech-company’s supply chains. Furthermore, it may be in this sentiment that dictates whether US stocks can hit new all-time highs in the week ahead: growth in US tech stocks have been the core factor behind Wall Street’s trend higher, so flatness in the sector could see the benchmark S&P500 recede back within its firmly established trend channel. Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  49. Trump back introduction of tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese goods in ongoing trade dispute with China US president also threatens to withdraw the United States from the World Trade Organisation "if they don't shape up", claiming unfair treatment US & Canadian leaders optimistic in reaching revised NAFTA agreement by today's deadline Panasonic are set to move their European base outside of London to mitigate risk going into Brexit Argentinian government raises interest rates to 60% after slump in Peso Gold enters fifth straight month of decline; longest losing streak since 2013 Asian overnight: Yet again we have seen Donald Trump force the agenda on global markets, with his statement that the US could leave the WTO dampening sentiment throughout the overnight session. Losses throughout China, Hong Kong, and Australia were accompanied by marginal gains on the Nikkei and a flat Topix in Japan. The developing focus of late has shifted to Argentina following recent developments in Turkey and Venezuela. Despite the Argentine central bank ramping up rates to 60%, we still saw developing markets suffer, with the Turkish lira, Indonesian rupiah, and Indian rupee all losing ground overnight. Data-wise, the Chinese PMI surveys saw a stronger than expected reading for both the manufacturing and non-manufacturing sectors. However, with a potential $200 billion of US tariffs looming, Chinese traders has little to celebrate. UK, US and Europe: Looking ahead, the eurozone comes into view, with the release of unemployment and inflation data bringing expectations of a rise in euro volatility. The rise in eurozone CPI has seen the reading hit 2.1% last month; the highest level since 2012. Any further upside would no doubt put further pressure on the ECB. In the US, traders will be looking out for the Chicago PMI and Michigan consumer sentiment surveys. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) 10am – eurozone unemployment rate (July), inflation (August): unemployment rate forecast to rise to 8.4% from 8.3%, while inflation forecast to be 2% YoY from 2.1%, and core inflation to be 1.2% from 1.1%. Market to watch: EUR crosses 2.45pm – Chicago PMI (August): forecast to fall to 63 from 65.5. Markets to watch: US indices, USD crosses Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades John Laing Fund saw a rise in Net asset value to 130p, from 124p in the first six months of 2018. The total return of the fund now stands at 75%; 7.5% on an annualised compound basis. Profit before tax for the six-month period stands came in at £89.0 million compared with £34.7 million the same time last year. The 3.57p per share dividend announced in May 2018 is now joined by a 3.57p per share for the six months to 30 June 2018. Whitbread has agreed to sell Costa Coffee to The Coca-Cola company, in a deal worth £3.9 billion. That price represents 16.4 times the operating earnings of Costa in the 2018 financial year. IAG reinstated as Buy at Citi EasyJet rated new Buy at Citi Ryanair rated new Buy at Citi Lufthansa reinitiated as Sell with Citi IGTV featured video Information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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  50. David Davis resigns from his poll position as Brexit secretary. Sterling feels the pinch. Global equity markets rally on US jobs relief, whilst dollar falters. Balanced U.S. jobs data suggest Fed can stay gradual on hikes Oil inches up whilst gold gains on the weaker dollar. NYSE technology chief has jumped ship to join the Winklevoss ‘bitcoin billionaires’ cryptocurrency venture as their first CTO for Gemini. Asian overnight: Asian markets have seen substantial gains overnight, as we see a continued feedback from Friday’s strong US jobs data and easing fears over the US - China trade war. The US non-farm jobs report alluded to an improving labour market with 213 000 people being added t the payroll last month, where expectation was for 195000 people to have been added. The dollar has softened somewhat lifting commodity prices, in particular that of precious metals. UK, US and Europe: The overnight resignation of UK Brexit Secretary David Davis had added a focus onto the pound, with the weekend gap higher erased as markets seek to find answers of what this means for negotiations with the EU. British Chambers of Commerce believe forward looking indicators predicting the growth of the economy are not strong enough to warrant a rate rise at the next MPC meeting on August 2nd. A poll conducted by the group reviewed more than 6000 firms from the UK. The economic calendar looks relatively quiet for the day ahead, and that bullish theme overnight seems likely to carry through into European trade. Look out for appearances from ECB governor Mario Draghi, alongside BoE member Broadbent. South Africa: The rand has managed to claw back some of its recent losses, as outflows from emerging markets halt for the time being. We are expecting broad-based gains on the JSe initially, with a stronger rand aiding a rebound in local banking and retail counters. BHP Billiton is up 2% in Australia suggestive of a positive start for resource counters. Tencent Holdings is up 2.53% suggestive of a positive start for local holding company Naspers. Company earnings: Pepsi will report second quarter results tomorrow, whilst fashion house Burberry and America's Delta Airlines will follow on Wednesday and Thursday respectively. We also see big banknames Wells Fargo, JP Morgan Chase and Citigroup finish the week on Friday. Economic calendar - key events and forecast (times in BST) Source: Daily FX Economic Calendar Corporate News, Upgrades and Downgrades Centamin said that gold production fell 25% in Q2, due to low metal grades at its Egypt mine. Production was expected to be 505,000 to 515,000 ounces for the full year. Purplebricks has completed the acquisition of Canadian estate agency Duproprio/Comfree, for £29.3 million. Murray & Roberts Holdings (SA) - Shareholders are referred to the announcement released on SENS today by Aveng regarding a notification received from ATON on Thursday, 5 July 2018, indicating that ATON and its wholly owned subsidiary ATON Austria Holdings GmbH, have in aggregate, acquired an interest in the ordinary shares of Aveng, such that the total interest in the ordinary shares of Aveng now amounts to 25.42% of the total issued ordinary shares of Aveng. Beazley upgraded to top pick at RBC G4S upgraded to top pick at RBC Meggitt upgraded to buy at Berenberg TalkTalk upgraded to neutral at JPMorgan UBS upgrade Barclays Africa from sell to neutral with a target price of 19700c Nedbank Limited’s (SA) national scale rating was upgraded to ‘zaAA+’ from ‘zaAA’ by S&P Hargreaves Lansdown cut to underweight at JPMorgan Virgin Money cut to equal-weight at Barclays Featured Video from IGTV Please note: This information has been prpared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.
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