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S&P 500 Momentum Report



With rate-cut views validated by US policymakers at the recent FOMC meeting, the risk rally has found further momentum towards year-end, as the S&P 500 logged its seventh straight week of consecutive gains.

USASource: Bloomberg

 Yeap Jun Rong | Market Strategist, Singapore | Publication date: 

S&P 500 logged its seventh straight week of gains, with eyes on its all-time high ahead

With rate-cut views validated by US policymakers at the recent Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting, the risk rally has found further momentum towards year-end, as the S&P 500 logged its seventh straight week of consecutive gains. We may have to go back all the way to 2017 to see a seven-week winning streak from the index.

From the macro lens, the trend of easing US inflation and soft landing hopes have kept risk-on sentiments well-anchored, with earlier pushback on rate cuts by Federal Reserve (Fed) members failing to trigger much of a dent. As we head into year-end, with both the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) and Nasdaq touching its all-time high, all eyes will be on whether the S&P 500 can deliver as well, standing just less than 1.5% away.

For now, extreme overbought technical conditions do reveal considerable risks in opening fresh longs at current level, with the relative strength index (RSI) on the daily chart hovering at its highest level since September 2020. The 4,740 level may stand as immediate resistance to overcome for the index, serving as a strong hurdle on previous three occasions. Having broken out of a falling channel pattern back in mid-November this year, the 4,740 level also marked the eventual price projection of the channel breakout. That said, the broader upward trend remains intact with the series of higher highs and higher lows in place since October 2022, with any retracement likely to be a temporary move.


US 500 Cash


Source: IG charts


In terms of market breadth, the percentage of S&P 500 stocks above their 50-day moving averages (MA) are currently hovering at extreme overbought levels (88% versus previous peaks of 90-92%). Similarly, the percentage of S&P 500 stocks above their 100-day MA are also touching previous peaks of around 80-82%, which may suggest that the risk-reward may be less ideal at current stage. The Fear & Greed Index are also back to ‘extreme greed’ levels for the first time since August 2023, while the VIX has somewhat stabilised at current levels over the past few trading days.


S&P 500 moving average


Source: TradingView


Ahead this week, we will have the last piece of US inflation data for the year – the US core Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE) price data, which will be closely watched for validation that the US disinflation trend is continuing. In contrast to the Fed's projection of three rate cuts next year, the interest rate market still expects six rate cuts in 2024, with the first cut as early as March 2024. Therefore, a quicker moderation in inflation back to the 2% target will be much-needed to confirm such dovish expectations.

The consensus expectation is for November core PCE to ease to 3.3% from previous 3.5%, which will be the lowest rate since May 2021. Likewise, the headline PCE is expected to moderate to 2.8% from previous 3.0%.



Sector performance

In terms of sector performance last week, market participants clearly leaned towards taking on higher risks post-FOMC as defensive sectors (consumer staples, healthcare, utilities) underperformed. Nevertheless, risk-on sentiments remain broad-based, with ten out of 11 S&P 500 sectors in the green last week, aiding the S&P 500 to deliver its seventh week of gains. The ‘Magnificent Seven’ stocks were all higher for the week, but with more notable performance coming from Nvidia (+7.4%), Meta Platforms (+6.0%),Amazon (+5.6%) and Tesla (+5.2%). The rate-sensitive real estate sector was the top performing sector, continuing its catch-up traction on the Fed’s dovish rhetoric. The sector has been the top performer over the past month as well. On the other hand, the energy sector managed to pull off some gains as oil prices recover from its lowest level since July 2023, but the bulk of 2023 has largely seen the sector consolidate in a range. Year-to-date, the sector remained in the red (-4.3%), alongside the defensive sectors.


SPX Sector returns: One-week and one-month


Source: Refinitiv

SPX Sector returns: One-month and year-to-date


Source: Refinitiv

Sector ETF summary


Source: Refinitiv
*Note: The data is from 12th – 18th December 2023.

Top 15 winners and losers


Source: Refinitiv
*Note: The data is from 12th – 18th December 2023.

Top stocks by sectors


Source: Refinitiv
*Note: The data is from 12th – 18th December 2023.


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