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US banks 4Q earnings preview: What to expect



As per tradition, the 4Q 2023 earnings parade will kick off with the major US banks, starting with JPMorgan, Citigroup, Wells Fargo and Bank of America this Friday.

USDSource: Bloomberg

 Yeap Jun Rong | Market Strategist, Singapore | Publication date: 

US bank stocks: Earnings schedule

US Bank Stocks: Earnings scheduleSource: Refinitiv


As per tradition, the 4Q 2023 earnings parade will kick off with the major US banks, starting this Friday (12 January 2024) with JPMorgan (JPM), Citigroup, Wells Fargo and Bank of America (BAC) leading the pack.

US bank stocks: Share price performance

On a one-year basis, the share price performance for the banks has varied widely. JPM is the clear outperformer with a 26.9% gain over the past year, while BAC lagged the broader industry (+9.3%) with a mere 0.9% gain. Its underperformance may partly be attributed to a slower price recovery from the March 2023 US banking turmoil, given its relatively larger exposure to unrealised losses in its bond portfolio.


Major US banks' share price performance (one-year basis)Source: Refinitiv
US bank stocks: Revenue and earnings expectations for 4Q 2023Source: Refinitiv. Data as of 3 January 2024.


For 4Q 2023, expectations are for most major US banks to turn in positive revenue growth from the previous year. Notably, a double-digit growth (11.8%) for JPM is the consensus, with optimism surrounding the revenue and cost synergies brought by the ongoing integration of First Republic Bank into its business.

On the other hand, BAC is expected to be the exception with a negative top-line growth (-2.6%) out of the major US banks, while turning in the biggest earnings per share (EPS) decline (-19.9%).

Falling bond yields in 4Q 2023 may offer banks stock some breathing space

4Q 2023 has seen a drastic plunge in bond yields on expectations of rate cuts ahead, with the US 10-year Treasury yields easing sharply from its peak of 5.02% to the current 4.05%. Given that the banks are previously forced to pay up for deposits to compete with higher yielding instruments, falling yields may aid to ease some pressures on the banks’ funding costs.

The recovery in bond prices in 4Q 2023 may also alleviate the losses on the banks’ securities portfolio, potentially aiding to bring back some confidence for the stability of the banking sector.



Impact on net interest income on watch

In 3Q 2023, most banks' net interest margins (NIM) largely declined, as banks moved to provide higher deposit costs to limit deposit outflows. Therefore, with the rate narrative pivoting towards lower rates through 2024, eyes will be on the subsequent impact on the banks’ NIM and whether margins can remain supported.

Based on the Federal Reserve (Fed)’s data which tracks commercial bank balances, lending activities in the 4Q 2023 may remain weak, amid tighter lending standards and high interest rates. This seems to be a continuation of the prevailing trend throughout 2023, and market participants will be on the lookout for any positive surprises on the lending front from the banks.

Validation for soft landing hopes on the lookout

With market participants basking in hopes of a soft landing scenario into 2024, the banks’ guidance will be closely watched for validation of a resilient economy. During 3Q 2023, the major banks have provided lower-than-expected allowance for credit losses, with a decline from 2Q 2023.

The extent of provisions for credit costs provides a gauge of economic risks that the banks foresee, therefore, market participants will want to see loss provisions moderating further towards ‘normal’ levels (levels preceding the Covid-19 pandemic) to support views of soft landing.

The banks have also previously guided that US consumers finances remain healthy while noting some resilience in US economic conditions, which leaves views in place for similar positive guidance ahead.

Improved risk environment may support investment banking and wealth management activities

Following a disappointing first nine months of 2023 in investment banking activities, expectations are in place that better times are ahead, with resilient economic conditions and a different course of rate outlook into 2024.

The improved risk environment seen in 4Q 2023 could be supportive of such views and with early signs of revival in deal-making, market participants will want to see the positive impact being reflected in the banks’ results, although it may come with a few months lag. Nevertheless, any signs that the worst is over on that front will be very much cheered and may help to contribute to the banks’ earnings recovery.

Technical analysis – JPMorgan’s share price hovers around record high

JPMorgan’s share price has briefly touched a fresh record high last week for the first time in more than two years, hovering around its October 2021 peak at the US$173.00 level. Near-term overbought technical conditions may call for some cooling in its recent rally, but any sell-off could still be a near-term retracement within a broader upward trend at current point in time. Prices continue to trade above its Ichimoku cloud support on the weekly chart, alongside various moving averages (MA) which keep the bullish bias intact. On the downside, the US$166-$168 level may serve as support zone to hold with recent consolidation.


JPMorgan Chase & CoSource: IG charts


Technical analysis – Bank of America’s share price showing some signs of life

Despite underperforming the broader industry for the bulk of 2023, BAC share price has been showing some signs of life lately, having broken above a broad descending wedge pattern in November 2023. Notably, on the weekly chart, its share price has overcome its Ichimoku cloud resistance for the first time since March 2022, while its weekly moving average convergence/divergence (MACD) headed above the key zero mark as a sign of building upward momentum. Further upside may leave its 2023 high at the US$37.12 level on watch for a retest, while on the downside, recent consolidation leaves US$32.84 as potential support to hold.


Bank of America CorpSource: IG charts


Technical analysis – Goldman Sachs’ share price broken out of descending triangle

Goldman Sachs’ share price has broken out of a broad descending triangle last month, moving on to retest the US$388.40 horizontal resistance, which marked its November 2022 peak. Similarly, on the weekly chart, its MACD has also reverted back above the zero level as a reflection of building upward momentum. Overcoming the US$388.40 level of resistance may leave its all-time high at the US$429.80 level on watch next.


Goldman Sachs Group IncSource: IG charts



This information has been prepared by IG, a trading name of IG Markets Limited. In addition to the disclaimer below, the material on this page does not contain a record of our trading prices, or an offer of, or solicitation for, a transaction in any financial instrument. IG accepts no responsibility for any use that may be made of these comments and for any consequences that result. No representation or warranty is given as to the accuracy or completeness of this information. Consequently any person acting on it does so entirely at their own risk. Any research provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation and needs of any specific person who may receive it. It has not been prepared in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research and as such is considered to be a marketing communication. Although we are not specifically constrained from dealing ahead of our recommendations we do not seek to take advantage of them before they are provided to our clients. See full non-independent research disclaimer and quarterly summary.


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