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Singapore banks Q1 2024 earnings – Earnings momentum to ease



The three local banks are set to report their Q1 2024 earnings over coming weeks.

BuildingSource: Getty

Written by: Yeap Jun Rong | Market Strategist, Singapore
Publication date: 
SG Banks Earnings Report DatesSource: DBS, OCBC, UOB


The three local banks are set to report their Q1 2024 earnings over coming weeks. Year-to-date, all three banks have outperformed the Straits Times Index (STI), with DBS topping the cohort with a 13.3% gain. This is followed by OCBC (+9.8%) and UOB (+6.9%), which all towers above the STI’s year-to-date return of a mere 1.2%.


Year-to-date performance changeSource: Refinitiv


What to expect for Singapore banks’ 1Q 2024 results

SG Banks ResultsSource: Refinitiv


Net interest margin to see further gradual tapering

Despite the series of US economic data calling for interest rates to stay high for longer, markets remain convinced that the Federal Reserve (Fed)’s next move is still a rate cut, which pave the way for Singapore benchmark lending rates to consolidate around current levels over the past months.

Refinitiv estimates suggest that for the upcoming results, the average of the banks’ net interest margin (NIM) could edge slightly lower to 2.13%, down from the 2.15% in 4Q 2023. This is expected to be driven by a decline in NIM for both DBS and OCBC, which could be slightly offset by an uptick in NIM for UOB.

Overall, net interest income for the banks could largely remain flat from a year ago, which may further reinforce views that growth in the segment has peaked. But given the constant pushback against earlier rate cuts from the Fed and room for some downward revision in deposit pricing, the pace of NIM tapering could remain gradual. Market rate expectations are leaning towards having only one rate cut from the Fed this year, down from the three rate cuts priced just a month ago.


Banks' net interest margin versus 3-month SORASource: Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), Banks’ earnings report


Growth in loan demand may remain subdued

Loan volume in Singapore for January and February 2024 presented a mixed picture, with business lending activities seeing an improvement in recent months, potentially on expectations for improving macroeconomic conditions in 2024.

However, the strength in businesses loan were not mirrored on the consumer loan demand. Consumer loan saw a decline in February 2024 – its first in seven months. For now, overall year-on-year (YoY) loan growth has been in contraction for the past 15 months, albeit some improvement in terms of lesser YoY decline. While further recovery may play out, the pick-up may be gradual, which could keep banks’ loan growth in the low single-digit over coming quarters.


Total loans & advances (Businesses & Consumers)Source: Refinitiv


Recovery in non-interest income to provide some earnings cushion

However, bright spots should remain in the banks’ non-interest portion, with further broad-based recovery expected in its net fees and commission income. In 1Q 2024, market conditions continue to improve significantly with a risk-on environment in place, which could aid to underpin its wealth management activities.

Expectations are for DBS and OCBC to register a near 7% year-on-year growth in fee income, while UOB may register a 3.5% growth year-on-year. Overall, the recovery momentum in the non-interest portion may help to drive the next stage of earnings growth for the banks, given that their net interest income portion could see some flat-lining ahead.

However, we may expect the banks to exercise some prudence in its loan loss provisions, given the uncertainty around geopolitical developments and economic risks. A build-up in provisions is likely to play out for 1Q 2024 across all three banks, although this is mostly a precautionary measure as credit metrics did not show too much deterioration just yet.

DBS share price: Technical analysis

A successful break above a months-long consolidation in March this year was met with a 16% extension in DBS share price over the past 1.5 month. The broader upward trend remains in place with the formation of higher highs and higher lows, but given the stellar rally so far, the odds for a near-term retracement may be raised. This comes as its daily relative strength index (RSI) trades at overbought levels, with the failure to make a new high potentially leaving a near-term bearish divergence pattern in place.

Any retracement may leave immediate support at the S$34.90 level (recent 25 April low) on watch. Any failure to defend the S$33.90 level ahead may leave the S$32.91 level on watch next for any formation of a higher low to resume the upward trend.


DBS Technical AnalysisSource: TradingView


OCBC share price: Technical analysis

Similarly, the bullish trend in OCBC is reflected in a broad rising channel pattern in place since October 2022. Recent surge over the past week marked an upward break of the channel, with its daily RSI trading firmly above the 50 mid-line as a reflection of buyers in control. While the rally is taking a breather with a slight consolidation over the past days, the formation of higher highs and higher lows keeps an upward trend in place. Any near-term retracement may leave the S$13.92 level on watch, where the upper channel trendline stands alongside a key Fibonacci retracement level.


OCBC Technical AnalysisSource: TradingView


UOB share price: Technical analysis

UOB has also managed to break out of its months-long consolidation lately, reflecting buyers taking greater control. While recent days were marked with some breather following its 8% rally over the past two weeks, the broader trend remains upward-bias. For now, its daily RSI is eyeing for a cross back into neutral territory from current overbought levels, with any retracement to leave the S$29.60 level potentially on watch for the formation of a higher low to resume the upward trend.


UOB Technical AnalysisSource: TradingView


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