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Market update: gold price slips as US dollar recovers ahead of US CPI


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The gold price stabilised after the US dollar found support overnight; rising Treasury yields appear to be driving real yields ahead of US CPI, while a miss in CPI forecasts might have implications for real yields and XAU/USD.

 

original-size.webpSource: Bloomberg

 
Daniel McCarthy | Strategist, | Publication date: Wednesday 13 September 2023 06:45

Climb of US real yields undermines gold price

The gold price dipped going into Wednesday’s trading session with the US dollar consolidating after Monday’s rout and ahead of US consumer price index (CPI) later today. Undermining the precious metal is the continual climb of US real yields. When we look at the bigger picture, the ascent of real yields might appear to be one-way traffic for now.

If today’s US CPI figure falls short of expectations, it might see long-term inflation expectations dip, adding to real yields. If today’s US CPI figure beats estimates, it could add to worries of a tighter monetary policy from the Federal Reserve at next week’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting.

This could lead to the back end of the Treasury yield curve backing up, potentially underpinning real yields, particularly around the closely watched 10-year part of the curve. A Bloomberg survey of economists is looking for headline CPI to print at 3.6% year-on-year to the end of August and 4.3% for the core reading.

Looking at the chart below, energy appears to be a notable contributing factor to CPI. Crude oil was little changed through August but it has rallied significantly in September.

US CPI year-on-year chart

 

original-size.webpSource: Bloomberg and tastytrade

Real yields hit 2009 high

US real yields have been on the march higher for the better part of 2023 and recently stretched to a 14-year peak at the ten-year part of the curve, trading above 1.95%. The real yield is the nominal yield less the market-priced inflation rate derived from Treasury inflation-protected securities (TIPS) for the same tenor.

It is looked at by markets as the true return of an investment as it allows for the time value of money that is impacted by price changes through inflation or deflation.

When we strip out the components of the real return, it is apparent that nominal yields have been driving real yields higher with the market-priced inflation expectations steady near 2.3%. That is slightly above the Federal Reserve Bank’s (Fed’s) CPI target of 2%.

The last time that real yields were this high was 2009 when spot gold was below $1,000. More recently in 2018, when the real yield was near 1.0%, spot gold was under $1,300 an ounce.

Spot gold against US ten-year real yield chart

 

original-size.webpSource: TradingView

Gold technical analysis

Of course, a global pandemic and a European theatre of war have opened up a different era and consequent change in the dynamic of demand for gold. Looking ahead, a break of the recent range of $1,885 – $1,900 could be the catalyst for the next notable move for XAU/USD. Click on the banner below to learn more about range trading.

The gold price appears to be ensconced in the range for now, having traded between $1,885 and $1,897 for six months. Support could be in the $1,885 – $1,895 area where there are a series of prior lows, a breakpoint, and the 38.2% Fibonacci Retracement level of the move from $1,614 up to $2,062.

Further down the 50% Fibonacci Retracement at 1838 might lend support. On the topside, resistance might be at the recent peaks of 1953 and 1897 or the spsychological level of 2000 where there is also the breakpoint nearby.

Gold daily chart

 

original-size.webpSource: TradingView

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