The changing dynamics in the wake of geopolitical events have reignited interest in nuclear energy generation. Uranium's sudden resurgence in the market is marked by rising prices and growing demand.
Article written by Danielle Ecuyer
The changing dynamics in the wake of geopolitical events
With concerns arising about the security of gas and oil supplies following the Russian invasion of Ukraine and the challenges associated with transitioning to zero emissions, the focus on energy production and energy security has shifted. There are also concerns about the capacity for renewable energy production and storage, which has supported the argument for nuclear power generation. This stands in contrast to the previous resistance to nuclear power, especially after the Fukushima disaster.
Not since the early days of the nuclear arms race, which began in 1945 with the Manhattan Project, has there been such a strong interest in nuclear energy generation.
Uranium's sudden resurgence
The uranium market differs significantly from traditional energy sources like oil and gas in terms of transparency. It's a market driven by long-term investments, or the lack thereof, in nuclear reactors, decommissioning of existing nuclear energy plants, and arms agreements related to nuclear weapons decommissioning.
Unlike coal, gas, and oil, the energy source isn't completely depleted after a single use; it can be re-utilised.
By the end of September, the price of uranium had reached a 12-year high, rising from US$18/lb in 2018 to US$70/lb. Canaccord Genuity is one of many experts who believe the market has reached a structural supply deficit.
The base case, as proposed by the broker, suggests that total nuclear capacity could grow at a rate of 3.6% by 2030 and 3.25% by 2035. This equates to a 30% annual increase in uranium demand through 2030 and 24% through 2035.
What is driving growth in the uranium market?
The forecasted demand is driven by new reactors in China and India, as well as extending the lifespan of existing reactors in the US, Canada, and Europe.
Canaccord has increased the long-term uranium price to US$75/lb from US$65/lb.
According to Macquarie, there are 266 new reactors proposed globally, with 59 currently under construction. The broker has raised the target price to US$70/lb, a 16% increase.
In the report titled "The Uranium Bull: Defying Trends and Redefining Energy Markets" by Natural Resources Investing, the authors propose that additional demand has been generated by closed-end funds like the Sprott Physical Uranium Trust and similar investment trusts, which have been purchasing 25-30 million lbs per annum in 2021 and 2022.
These authors suggest that the uranium market will face a deficit of 180 million lbs between 2020 and 2030 and that greenfield sites are not financially viable at US$60/lb.
Uranium price history and suppy and demand forecast
Source: Canaccord Genuity Uranium Update H2 2023
Reviving decommissioned uranium mines
Due to the cost of developing greenfield uranium mining sites, many decommissioned mines are coming back on stream to increase supply. Of note, these forecasts do not include small modular reactors, which are being put forward as a future energy solution but for now are at least a decade away.
Three stocks to watch
Paladin Energy back to production in 2024
Paladin Energy (PDN) is a $3 billion uranium production and exploration company, with its main project being the restart of its Langer Heinrich mine in Namibia.
Brokers forecast production to recommence at Langer Heinrich in the 1Q24, within budget. Additionally, the company has secured off-take agreements with "leading global counterparties," notes Macquarie.
The broker recently upgraded the FY27 onwards EPS forecasts by 7%-17% due to the higher expected uranium price, and the target price was lifted by 18% to $1.30.
Looking at some other brokers, Bell Potter recently downgraded the stock to Speculative Hold from Speculative Buy and has a $1.31 target price. FNArena has an average price target of $1.253 with meaningful EPS generation expected in FY25.
Paladin Energy weekly chart
Boss Energy: Who's the Boss?
Boss Energy (BOE) is a $1.64 billion uranium explorer, and Honeymoon Uranium is the company's primary project located 80 km northwest of Broken Hill.
The Honeymoon project is focusing on greenfield exploration prospects, along with upgrading the "satellite Joint Ore Reserves Committee resources of the Jason's and Gould's Dam Deposits," as noted by Refinitiv.
Macquarie expects the company to resume production at Honeymoon in the 4Q23, potentially increasing production to 2.45 million pounds per annum, thanks to recent strong production results.
Boss Energy weekly chart
While the broker recently upgraded forecasts to account for higher uranium prices, resulting in an expected EPS increase of 7% to 20% from FY27 onwards, and raising the target price to $4.50, the rating was downgraded to "Neutral" on valuation grounds.
FNArena has an average target price of $4.477, with Bell Potter standing out with a target price of $5.53, along with a "Speculative Hold" recommendation.
FNArena forecast chart
Refinitiv has a mean target price of $4.51, with only 1 "Strong Buy," 4 "Holds," and 1 "Sell."
Refinitiv forecast chart
Deep Yellow: A little ray of sunshine
Deep Yellow (DYL) is a $982 million uranium explorer with two projects, one in Namibia and one in Australia.
Deep Yellow weekly chart
Bell Potter has a Speculative Buy and a $1.84 target price. The broker notes an expected upgrade to the resource at Tumas (Australia).
FNArena forecast chart
Refinitiv has a mean target price of $1.67 and 1 Strong Buy and 1 Buy.
Refinitiv forecast chart
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